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AFB JOURNAL OVISUAL
IMPAIRMENT& BLINDNESS
  
Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss  
 

June 2007 • Volume 101 Number 6

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Journal of visual impairment and blindness

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Contents

ARTICLES

Orientation & Mobility

Mental Effort in Mobility Route Learning--print edition page(s) 327-338

Harald Martinsen, Jon Magne Tellevik, Bengt Elmerskog, and Magnar Storliløkken

Abstract: This study examined the mental effort required to monitor landmarks and the effect of the type of route on mobility-route training. The results revealed that the features of landmarks and competence in travel were significantly related, indicating that some environmental factors related to height and width are more easily learned when people can travel independently. A similar result was found when types of travel were compared.

Physical Education

The Effects of Trained Peer Tutors on the Physical Education of Children Who Are Visually Impaired--print edition page(s) 339-350

Brian Wiskochil, Lauren J. Lieberman, Cathy Houston-Wilson, and Susan Petersen

Abstract: This study examined the effect of trained peer tutors on the academic learning time-physical education (ALT-PE) scores of children with visual impairments. It found a mean increase of 20.8% for ALT-PE and increases in ALT-PE scores for closed and open skills and that trained peer tutors were more effective than were untrained peer tutors.

Research Report

Understanding the Emotional Needs of Children Who Are Blind--print edition page(s) 351-355

Julie Campbell

Around the World

Oriel: A Neighborhood for People with Visual Impairments in Israel: 1950-67--print edition page(s) 356-360

Miriam Billig and Rachel Sharaby

NEWS AND FEATURES

Editor's Page--print edition page(s) 323-324

Letter to the Editor--print edition page(s) 325-326

Technology Notes

Laptop-compatible CCTVs: A Portable Option for Students with Low Vision--print edition page(s) 361-364

Lee Huffman

Book Review

Psychophysics of Reading in Normal and Low Vision--print edition page(s) 364-366

Reviewed by Gregory L. Goodrich

From the Field--print edition page(s) 366-374

News--print edition page(s) 374-376

Calendar--print edition page(s) 376-384


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Attention JVIB Readers!

This summer, the editors of the Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) will be busy working to make JVIB even better and to give you more of what you want in your professional journal--both in print and on the web. Before you go off on your summer vacation, won't you please take a minute to tell us what you like in >JVIB and how it can better meet your needs?

In the coming week,
watch for an announcement at
www.afb.org/jvib

And follow the link to complete the
JVIB Readers Survey

This is your chance to contribute to JVIB.
We want to hear from you!

(end advertisement)


(advertisement)

HumanWare

Success through Innovation

HumanWare empowers those who are blind or have low vision to live independently and compete effectively in a sighted world.

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1-888-204-8809

(end advertisement)


(advertisement)

Charles C Thomas
Publisher * Ltd.
P.O. Box 19265
Springfield, IL 62794-9265

Book Savings!
Save 10% on 1 book, Save 15% on 2 books, Save 20% on 3 books!
When ordering, please refer to promotional code JVBL0607 to receive your discount.

* Crandell, John M. Jr. & Lee W. Robinson--Living with Low Vision and Blindness: Guidelines That Help Professionals and Individuals Understand Vision Impairments. '07, 222 pp. (7 x 10), 14 il.

This book summarizes the findings in the fields of general education and psychology as they relate to vision loss. It is concerned primarily with providing understanding of the many elements that must be considered before a successful rehabilitative and/or an educational program can be developed. This type of understanding is illustrated in the book by examples drawn from experience that the authors have directly observed. Theoretical factors are described that must be considered in the development of a suitable program for a person with specific strengths and weaknesses. Discussions are also included that relate to the meaning and implications of self-concept and self-esteem in the overall adjustment of individuals with vision loss. Also, psychological and sociological theories are evaluated of "the blind" as described in writings such as Kim's, The Community of the Blind, and Scott's, The Making of a Blind Man, in terms of their relevance of life adjustment. Weaknesses are identified in the research activities that could help alleviate problems. Another focus is on provision of explanations of the origin, development, influence, and modification of public attitudes on the adjustment of individuals with blindness. It will be of interest not only to educators and rehabilitation specialists in the field of work for the blind, but also to psychologists, social workers, educators, and therapists.

* Bishop, Virginia, E.--Teaching Visually Impaired Children. (3rd Ed.) '04, 352 pp. (7 x 10), 21 il., 11 tables, $73.95 hard, $49.95 paper.

* Frame, Melissa J.--Blind Spots: The Communicative Performance of Visual Impairment in Relationships and Social Interaction. '04, 216 pp. (7 x 10), 3 il., 9 tables, $52.95 hard, $32.95 paper.

* Tuttle, Dean W. & Naomi R. Tuttle--Self-Esteem and Adjusting with Blindness: The Process of Responding to Life's Demands. (3rd Ed.) '04, 328 pp. (7 x 10), 13 il., $71.95 hard, $51.95 paper.

This new and expanded third edition analyzes blindness within the context of two overlapping theoretical constructs: the development of self-esteem and the process of adjusting to social and/or physical trauma. The book is divided into four sections. The first section provides an overview of blindness and the essential background for subsequent discussions. Section II explores the general theoretical model for the development of self-esteem common to all persons and analyzes the impact that blindness imposes upon this model. Section III explores the process of coping with social and physical traumas or crises. Section IV is addressed primarily to members of the blind person's support team and provides suggestions for creating a climate for optimum development. Factors that may influence the adjustment process, descriptions of external and internal sources of self-esteem, activities for stimulating affective growth, and guidelines for professionals who work with the blind are included. Personal impacts and psychosocial implications of blindness are discussed in-depth and illustrated with biographical and autobiographical statements by more than 50 blind men and women. This book will serve as an excellent review and refresher for experienced practitioners and administrators working in the field of blindness. Professionals in education, social work, vocational counseling, rehabilitation, recreation therapy, ophthalmology, and optometry will find this comprehensive resource to be an invaluable addition to their libraries.

* Harley, Randall K., G. Allen Lawrence, LaRhea Sanford, & Rebecca Burnett--Visual Impairment in the Schools. (3rd Ed.) '00, 262 pp. (7 x 10), 37 il., $52.95 cloth, $38.95 paper.

5 easy ways to order!
Phone: 1-800-258-8980 or 217-789-8980
Fax: 217-789-9130
E-mail: books@ccthomas.com
Web: www.ccthomas.com
Mail:
Charles C Thomas
Publisher Ltd.
P.O. Box 19265
Springfield, IL 62794-9265

Complete catalog available at ccthomas.com

Books sent on approval * Shipping charges $7.75 min U.S./ Outside U.S., actual shipping fees will be charged * Prices subject to change without notice
* Savings include all titles shown here and on our web site. For a limited time only.

(end advertisement)


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[logo] The New York Institute for Special Education
[logo] 175 years - 1831-2006

The Board of Trustees of The New York Institute for Special Education is pleased to announce the appointment of

Dr. Bernadette M. Kappen

as the next Executive Director, effective January 2008.
Dr. Kappen is currently the Director of Overbrook School for the Blind in Philadelphia where she has been working since 1982.

Dr. Kappen succeeds Dr. Eugene McMahon who will retire in June to begin a consulting practice.

(end advertisement)


(advertisement)

[logo] The New York Institute for Special Education
[logo] 175 years - 1831-2006

As part of our 175th Anniversary Celebration
The New York Institute for Special Education
proudly announces the publication of

175 Years of Doing Good:
The New York Institute for Special Education
1831-2006
C. Michael Mellor

Single copies are available by writing to:
NYISE, Public Relations Dept.,
999 Pelham Parkway, Bronx, NY 10469
or by e-mailing Mkramer@nyise.org or by downloading an MS Word doc, PDF version, or DBX braille version from our web site homepage, www.nyise.org

(end advertisement)


(advertisement)

The GuildScholar Program

A Scholarship for Visually Impaired High School Students

Open to all legally blind high school students entering college in September 2008. Application to be made at the end of the junior year of high school.

Must be a US Citizen or legal resident, have an excellent academic record and have demonstrated school and community leadership.

Scholarships of up to $15,000 will be competitively awarded to qualified students. The deadline for the 2008 scholarships is July 1st, 2007. The GuildScholar application is online.

Please log on to www.jgb.org/guildscholar.asp

For more information, contact Gordon Rovins at rovinsg@jgb.org

(end advertisement)


(advertisement)

Millions of seniors and their loved ones are facing vision loss.

AFB Senior Site can help.

This new resource was designed for seniors, their families, and the professionals who work with them.

Learn more today at:
www.afb.org/seniorsite

[logo] AFB American Foundation for the Blind
[logo] Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

(end advertisement)


(advertisement)

Aging and Vision Loss

A Handbook for Families

Alberta L. Orr and Priscilla Rogers, Ph.D.

Aging and Vision Loss: A Handbook for Families provides supportive, reassuring, and practical advice for family members confronting vision loss in an elderly parent, other relative, or friend. Answers to common questions and suggestions on how to work toward adjustment are presented, along with tips on improving family communication, finding emotional support, using adaptive strategies for carrying out everyday activities, and organizing one's home and living environment. A comprehensive resource list is included. The handbook is 256 pages long and is $19.95; it is available in large-print paperback and on ASCII disk.

Order your copy at www.afb.org/store

AFB Press

American Foundation for the Blind

(end advertisement)


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CALL FOR PAPERS

Special JVIB Theme Issue
Macular Degeneration: The New Epidemic

Guest editors: Lylas Mogk, M.D., medical director, Visual Rehabilitation and Research Center, Henry Ford Health System. Gale Watson, M.Ed., blind rehabilitation specialist, Blind Rehabilitation Service, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and certified low vision therapist, Rehabilitation Research and Development Center on Aging Veterans with Vision Loss, Atlanta VA Medical Center.

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2008

Projected publication date: October 2008

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue on macular degeneration. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Pathology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), demographics, and risk factors
· Current medical and surgical treatments and those on the horizon
· The impact of AMD on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and central visual field
· The functional impct of AMD: literacy, activities of daily living, community participation, and mobility and transportation
· The impact on function of co-morbidities common to aging
· The psychosocial impact of AMD
· Charles Bonnet Syndrome: prevalence, theories, and experience
· The impact of AMD on family and community interactions
· Personal stories of AMD
· The impact of AMD on society
· Rehabilitation of individuals with AMD: visual skills, activities of daily living, environmental adaptations, and counseling
· Service delivery systems and funding issues
· Outcome studies for rehabilitation services
· Future trends and expectations

The guest editors welcome your inquiries and ideas for this issue. Contact the editors by e-mail: Lylas Mogk, <lmogk1@hfhs.org>; and Gale Watson, <gale.watson@med.va.gov>.

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind; web site: <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <afbpress@afb.net>.

Manuscripts should be e-mailed for peer review to: Dr. Duane Geruschat, Editor in Chief, JVIB: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

(end advertisement)


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JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the World articles are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author's experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <press@afb.net>. Manuscripts should be e-mailed to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

(end advertisement)


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How to Contact JVIB

Submit

To submit an article, Research Report, or Practice Report for peer review, e-mail it to Dr. Duane R. Geruschat, editor in chief, JVIB: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mail it to Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205. Inquiries should be sent to: <jvib@lions.med.jhu.edu>.

Contribute

To offer information on a program, conference, product, or promotion for possible publication in From the Field, News, or Calendar, contact: Rebecca Burrichter, associate editor, AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <rebeccab@afb.net>.

Advertise

To advertise in JVIB or to receive information on advertisement rates, contact: Sharon Baker-Harris, marketing manager, AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind, 100 Peachtree Street, Suite 620, Atlanta, GA 30303; fax: 404-659-6957; e-mail: <sharonb@afb.net>.

Subscribe

To subscribe to JVIB, contact: AFB Press, P.O. Box 1020, Sewickley, PA 15143; phone: 800-232-3044 or 412-741-1398; fax 412-741-0609; e-mail: <afbsub@abdintl.com>; web site: <www.afb.org/store>.

Search

To find JVIB, on the web, visit: <www.afb.org/jvib>.

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