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AFB JOURNAL OVISUAL
IMPAIRMENT& BLINDNESS
  
Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss  
 

July 2007 • Volume 101 Number 7

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Journal of visual impairment and blindness

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Breaking News From the Field

Welcome back to JVIB, AER members! To access your subscription, please log in at AER's website. For more information about your JVIB subscription, please see AER FAQs.


Contents

ARTICLES

Orientation & Mobility

Accessible GPS: Reorientation and Target Location Among Users with Visual Impairments--print edition page(s) 389-401

Paul E. Ponchillia, Eniko C. Rak, Amy L. Freeland, and Steven J. LaGrow

Abstract: This article presents the results of two single-subject experiments that were designed to determine consumers' ability to use a BrailleNote GPS. The participants decreased their mean orientation time from 6 minutes to 45 seconds and increased their target- location efficiency fourfold with BGPS than without BGPS. Additional results and implications for the field are presented.

Low Vision

The Legibility of Typefaces for Readers with Low Vision: A Research Review--print edition page(s) 402-415

Elizabeth Russell-Minda, Jeffrey W. Jutai, J. Graham Strong, Kent A. Campbell, Deborah Gold, Lisa Pretty, and Lesley Wilmot

Abstract: This article presents a systematic review of the research evidence on the effects of the characteristics of typefaces on the legibility of text for adult readers with low vision. The review revealed that research has not produced consistent findings and thus that there is a need to develop standards and guidelines that are informed by evidence.

Braille

A Cognitive Approach to Brailling Errors--print edition page(s) 416-428

Sheri Wells-Jensen, Aaron Schwartz, and Bradley Gosche

Abstract: This article analyzes a corpus of 1,600 brailling errors made by one expert braillist. It presents a testable model of braille writing and shows that the subject braillist stores standard braille contractions as part of the orthographic representation of words, rather than imposing contractions on a serially ordered string of letters.

Research Report

A Survey of Assistive Technology and Teacher Preparation Programs for Individuals with Visual Impairments--print edition page(s) 429-433

Derrick W. Smith and Pat Kelley

NEWS AND FEATURES

Editor's Page--print edition page(s) 387-387

This Mattered to Me

"Play and Recreation Habits of Youths Who Are Deaf-Blind," by Lauren J. Lieberman and Janet M. MacVicar--print edition page(s) 435-436

Recommended by Louis M. Tutt

Web Special Feature

"Play and Recreation Habits of Youths Who Are Deaf-Blind," by Lauren J. Lieberman and Janet M. MacVicar

Lauren J. Lieberman and Janet M. MacVicar

From the Field--print edition page(s) 436-439

News--print edition page(s) 439-441

Calendar--print edition page(s) 441-448


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HumanWare empowers those who are blind or have low vision to live independently and compete effectively in a sighted world.

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Cortical Visual Impairment

An Approach to Assessment and Intervention

By Christine Roman-Lantzy

The current leading cause of visual impairment among children is not a disease or condition of the eyes, but cortical visual impairment (CVI)--also known as cerebral visual impairment--in which visual dysfunction is caused by damage or injury to the brain. The definition, nature, and treatment of CVI are the focus of great concern and widespread debate, and this complex condition poses challenges to professionals and families seeking to support the growth and development of visually impaired children. On the basis of more than 30 years' experience in working with hundreds of children of all ages with CVI, Christine Roman-Lantzy has developed a set of unique assessment tools and systematic, targeted principles whose use has helped children learn to use their vision more effectively. This one-of-a-kind resource provides readers with both a conceptual framework with which to understand working with CVI and concrete strategies to apply directly in their work.

Order your copy at

www.afb.org/store

or call 800-232-3044.

$49.95

Table of Contents

Foreword

My Introduction to "CVI"

Chapter 1 Cortical Visual Impairment: An Overview

Chapter 2 Medical and Other Causes of Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 3 Visual and Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 4 The Primacy of Parents

Chapter 5 Functional Vision Assessment: The CVI Range

Chapter 6 Program Planning and Intervention

References

Appendixes Essential Forms

Resources

AFB Press
American Foundation for the Blind

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Learn more today at www.afb.org/seniorsite

AFB
American Foundation for the Blind

Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

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Online access is included as part of your JVIB print subscription and is available to AER members. Not a subscriber? Subscribe now at www.afb.org/store.

Read JVIB Online at www.afb.org/jvib

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Aging and Vision Loss

A Handbook for Families

Alberta L. Orr and Priscilla Rogers, Ph.D.

Aging and Vision Loss: A Handbook for Families provides supportive, reassuring, and practical advice for family members confronting vision loss in an elderly parent, other relative, or friend. Answers to common questions and suggestions on how to work toward adjustment are presented, along with tips on improving family communication, finding emotional support, using adaptive strategies for carrying out everyday activities, and organizing one's home and living environment. A comprehensive resource list is included. The handbook is 256 pages long and is $19.95; it is available in large-print paperback and on ASCII disk.

Order your copy at www.afb.org/store

AFB Press

American Foundation for the Blind

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CALL FOR PAPERS

Special JVIB Theme Issue
Macular Degeneration: The New Epidemic

Guest editors: Lylas Mogk, M.D., medical director, Visual Rehabilitation and Research Center, Henry Ford Health System. Gale Watson, M.Ed., blind rehabilitation specialist, Blind Rehabilitation Service, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and certified low vision therapist, Rehabilitation Research and Development Center on Aging Veterans with Vision Loss, Atlanta VA Medical Center.

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2008

Projected publication date: October 2008

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue on macular degeneration. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Pathology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), demographics, and risk factors
· Current medical and surgical treatments and those on the horizon
· The impact of AMD on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and central visual field
· The functional impct of AMD: literacy, activities of daily living, community participation, and mobility and transportation
· The impact on function of co-morbidities common to aging
· The psychosocial impact of AMD
· Charles Bonnet Syndrome: prevalence, theories, and experience
· The impact of AMD on family and community interactions
· Personal stories of AMD
· The impact of AMD on society
· Rehabilitation of individuals with AMD: visual skills, activities of daily living, environmental adaptations, and counseling
· Service delivery systems and funding issues
· Outcome studies for rehabilitation services
· Future trends and expectations

The guest editors welcome your inquiries and ideas for this issue. Contact the editors by e-mail: Lylas Mogk, <lmogk1@hfhs.org>; and Gale Watson, <gale.watson@med.va.gov>.

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind; web site: <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <afbpress@afb.net>.

Manuscripts should be e-mailed for peer review to: Dr. Duane Geruschat, Editor in Chief, JVIB: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the World articles are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author's experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <press@afb.net>. Manuscripts should be e-mailed to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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How to Contact JVIB

Submit

To submit an article, Research Report, or Practice Report for peer review, e-mail it to Dr. Duane R. Geruschat, editor in chief, JVIB: jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mail it to Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205. Inquiries should be sent to: <jvibeditor@afb.net>.

Contribute

To offer information on a program, conference, product, or promotion for possible publication in From the Field, News, or Calendar, contact: Rebecca Burrichter, associate editor, AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <rebeccab@afb.net>.

Advertise

To advertise in JVIB or to receive information on advertisement rates, contact: Sharon Baker-Harris, marketing manager, AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind, 100 Peachtree Street, Suite 620, Atlanta, GA 30303; fax: 404-659-6957; e-mail: <sharonb@afb.net>.

Subscribe

To subscribe to JVIB, contact: AFB Press, P.O. Box 1020, Sewickley, PA 15143; phone: 800-232-3044 or 412-741-1398; fax 412-741-0609; e-mail: <afbsub@abdintl.com>; web site: <www.afb.org/store>.

Search

To find JVIB, on the web, visit: <www.afb.org/jvib>.

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The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright © 2014 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.

 

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