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AFB JOURNAL OVISUAL
IMPAIRMENT& BLINDNESS
  
Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss  
 

August 2007 • Volume 101 Number 8

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Journal of visual impairment and blindness

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Contents

ARTICLES

Self-Determination

Promoting the Self-Determination of Students with Visual Impairments: Reducing the Gap Between Knowledge and Practice--print edition page(s) 453-464

Martin Agran, Sunggye Hong, and Karen Blankenship

Abstract: Despite current interest in promoting self-determination, the extent to which self-determination instruction is provided to students with visual impairments remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of a sample of teachers of students with visual impairments about issues that are related to self-determination.

Braille

The Production of Brailled Instructional Materials in Texas Public Schools--print edition page(s) 465-478

Tina S. Herzberg and Laura M. Stough

Abstract: This study investigated the background of personnel who are responsible for transcribing braille in Texas. Most respondents were not certified by the Library of Congress and believed that they had begun their careers less than adequately prepared, yet they rated the quality of the materials that they produced as either excellent or good.

Orientation & Mobility

Finding a Target with an Accessible Global Positioning System--print edition page(s) 479-488

Paul E. Ponchillia, Nancy MacKenzie, Richard G. Long, Pamela Denton-Smith, Thomas L. Hicks, and Priscilla Miley

Abstract: This article presents two target-location experiments. In the first experiment, 19 participants located a 25-foot chalk circle 93% of the time with a Global Positioning System (GPS) compared to 12% of the time without it. In a single-subject follow-up experiment, the participant came within 1 foot of the target on all GPS trials. Target-location techniques are described.

Practice Report

Communication with Patients Who Have Low Vision--print edition page(s) 489-493

Mary Lou Jackson

NEWS AND FEATURES

Editor's Page--print edition page(s) 451-452

Book Review

A Parents' Guide to Special Education for Children with Visual Impairments--print edition page(s) 495-497

Reviewed by Missy Garber

From the Field--print edition page(s) 497-504

News--print edition page(s) 504-506

Calendar--print edition page(s) 508-512


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Cortical Visual Impairment

An Approach to Assessment and Intervention

By Christine Roman-Lantzy

The current leading cause of visual impairment among children is not a disease or condition of the eyes, but cortical visual impairment (CVI)--also known as cerebral visual impairment--in which visual dysfunction is caused by damage or injury to the brain. The definition, nature, and treatment of CVI are the focus of great concern and widespread debate, and this complex condition poses challenges to professionals and families seeking to support the growth and development of visually impaired children. On the basis of more than 30 years' experience in working with hundreds of children of all ages with CVI, Christine Roman-Lantzy has developed a set of unique assessment tools and systematic, targeted principles whose use has helped children learn to use their vision more effectively. This one-of-a-kind resource provides readers with both a conceptual framework with which to understand working with CVI and concrete strategies to apply directly in their work.

Order your copy at

www.afb.org/store

or call 800-232-3044.

$49.95

Table of Contents

Foreword

My Introduction to "CVI"

Chapter 1 Cortical Visual Impairment: An Overview

Chapter 2 Medical and Other Causes of Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 3 Visual and Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 4 The Primacy of Parents

Chapter 5 Functional Vision Assessment: The CVI Range

Chapter 6 Program Planning and Intervention

References

Appendixes Essential Forms

Resources

AFB Press
American Foundation for the Blind

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AFB
American Foundation for the Blind

Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

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Aging and Vision Loss

A Handbook for Families

Alberta L. Orr and Priscilla Rogers, Ph.D.

Aging and Vision Loss: A Handbook for Families provides supportive, reassuring, and practical advice for family members confronting vision loss in an elderly parent, other relative, or friend. Answers to common questions and suggestions on how to work toward adjustment are presented, along with tips on improving family communication, finding emotional support, using adaptive strategies for carrying out everyday activities, and organizing one's home and living environment. A comprehensive resource list is included. The handbook is 256 pages long and is $19.95; it is available in large-print paperback and on ASCII disk.

Order your copy at www.afb.org/store

AFB Press

American Foundation for the Blind

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CALL FOR PAPERS

Celebrating 100 Years . . . and Beyond!

For the past 100 years, the Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) has been the primary journal of record for the field of visual impairment and is a critical forum for the discussion of significant research, practice, and trends. The journal seeks to provide readers with essential information to support and inform their professional thinking and practice. In addition to articles and reports on all aspects of the work of the field, from educational practice to low vision service delivery to rehabilitation issues, JVIB welcomes submissions on the following topics of great current concern:

· Practice reports from teachers of students with visual impairments, including students with multiple disabilities
· Discussions of low vision service delivery, focusing on models of team collaboration and service provider roles, funding and reimbursement issues, and patient need and service outcomes
· Perspectives on the impact of federal No Child Left Behind legislation on programs for students with visual impairments and on teacher effectiveness
· Experiences of participants in the national Medicare demonstration project examining reimbursement of services by certified orientation and mobility specialists, low vision therapists, and vision rehabilitation therapists
· Examinations of different certification models and approaches in such areas as orientation and mobility

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <jvib@afb.net>.

Manuscripts should be e-mailed for peer review to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, JVIB: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205. Inquiries for the editor in chief should be e-mailed to: <jvibeditor@afb.net>.


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CALL FOR PAPERS

Special JVIB Theme Issue
Macular Degeneration: The New Epidemic

Guest editors: Lylas Mogk, M.D., medical director, Visual Rehabilitation and Research Center, Henry Ford Health System. Gale Watson, M.Ed., blind rehabilitation specialist, Blind Rehabilitation Service, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and certified low vision therapist, Rehabilitation Research and Development Center on Aging Veterans with Vision Loss, Atlanta VA Medical Center.

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2008

Projected publication date: October 2008

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue on macular degeneration. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Pathology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), demographics, and risk factors
· Current medical and surgical treatments and those on the horizon
· The impact of AMD on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and central visual field
· The functional impct of AMD: literacy, activities of daily living, community participation, and mobility and transportation
· The impact on function of co-morbidities common to aging
· The psychosocial impact of AMD
· Charles Bonnet Syndrome: prevalence, theories, and experience
· The impact of AMD on family and community interactions
· Personal stories of AMD
· The impact of AMD on society
· Rehabilitation of individuals with AMD: visual skills, activities of daily living, environmental adaptations, and counseling
· Service delivery systems and funding issues
· Outcome studies for rehabilitation services
· Future trends and expectations

The guest editors welcome your inquiries and ideas for this issue. Contact the editors by e-mail: Lylas Mogk, <lmogk1@hfhs.org>; and Gale Watson, <gale.watson@med.va.gov>.

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind; web site: <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <afbpress@afb.net>.

Manuscripts should be e-mailed for peer review to: Dr. Duane Geruschat, Editor in Chief, JVIB: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the World articles are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author's experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <jvib@afb.net>. Manuscripts should be e-mailed to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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