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February 2008 • Volume 102 Number 2

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Journal of visual impairment and blindness

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Breaking News From the Field

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Distance Education

E-Learning and Blindness: A Comparative Study of the Quality of an E-Learning Experience--print edition page(s) 77-88

Shirley Evans and Graeme Douglas

Abstract: This study compared the experiences of 10 participants who were blind and 10 participants who were sighted in working through an online learning task and explores the application of cognitive load theory. It considered the quality of the learning experience and the implications for practitioners.

Research Report

Caregivers with Visual Impairments: A Preliminary Study--print edition page(s) 89-96

Patti Fuhr, Bethany Martinez, and Michael Williams

Practice Reports

Program Accountability for Students Who Are Visually Impaired--print edition page(s) 97-102

Nancy M. Toelle and Karen E. Blankenship

"I Can Fix That!" Creating an On-campus Job for a Student--print edition page(s) 103-105

Nita Crow


Editor's Page--print edition page(s) 67-67

Speaker's Corner

A Commentary on the Medicare Low Vision Rehabilitation Demonstration Project--print edition page(s) 69-75

Lylas Mogk, Gale R. Watson, and Michael Williams

Book Review

Blindness and Brain Plasticity in Navigation and Object Perception--print edition page(s) 107-108

Reviewed by Steven J. La Grow

From the Field--print edition page(s) 108-117

JVIB Peer Reviewers--print edition page(s) 110-111

News--print edition page(s) 117-120

Calendar--print edition page(s) 120-128


In the article "Divergent Development of Verbal Skills in Children Who Are Blind or Sighted," by Michael Brambring, which appeared in the December 2007, Volume 101, Number 12, print issue of JVIB, a total line was left off the First Words column of Table 2. The total line for the First Words column should have read: Total: 1.30 (0.23). A corrected version of this table can be viewed in the JVIB Online version of this article, which can be found at: <www.afb.org/afbpress/pubjvib.asp?DocID=jvib011205tab02>.


Millions of seniors and their loved ones are facing vision loss.

AFB Senior Site can help.

This resource was designed for seniors, their families, and the professionals who work with them.

Learn more today at: www.afb.org/seniorsite

AFB American Foundation® for the Blind
Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

(end advertisement)


Special JVIB Theme Issue: Literacy

Guest editors: M. Cay Holbrook, Ph.D., associate professor, Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia; and Carol Farrenkopf, Ed.D., Vision Program Coordinator, Toronto District School Board

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2009

Projected publication date: October 2009

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue, Literacy. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Reflections on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Louis Braille

· Reading instruction, including instruction in braille, large print, and standard print with optical devices

· Dual-media instruction and dual-media learners

· Legislation that impacts literacy instruction and services, including No Child Left Behind and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

· Results of research related to literacy for students with visual impairment leading to evidence-based practice

· Adoption, use, and discussion of the Unified English Braille Code

· Emergent literacy skills and functional literacy skills

· The relationship between literacy and technology and assistive technology

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <afbpress@afb.net>.

E-mail submissions should be sent to: <jvib@jhmi.edu>.

Postal mail submissions should be sent to:

Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D.

Editor in Chief, JVIB

Lions Vision Center

550 North Broadway, 6th Floor

Baltimore, MD 21205

Questions should be sent to the editor in chief at the following e-mail address: <jvib@lions.med.jhu.edu>.

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If you think a Blackberry® is something used to make jam, AFB's 2008 National Conference is for you.

And if you'd like to see your Blackberry® crushed into jam, we've got something for you, too.

AFB's 2008 Josephine L. Taylor Leadership Institute is heading to Silicon Valley. The 2008 JLTLI promises:

· A rousing discussion about the present and future role of technology in the blindness and vision loss field
· A variety of networking opportunities
· Lively, interactive workshops on topics of interest to administrators, educators, and rehabilitation practitioners
· And lots, lots more!

Join us in San Francisco, CA, April 4-5, 2008.

For registration and more information visit
or e-mail us at

AFB American Foundation®
for the Blind
Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss


(end advertisement)


Cortical Visual Impairment

An Approach to Assessment and Intervention

By Christine Roman-Lantzy

The current leading cause of visual impairment among children is not a disease or condition of the eyes, but cortical visual impairment (CVI)--also known as cerebral visual impairment--in which visual dysfunction is caused by damage or injury to the brain. The definition, nature, and treatment of CVI are the focus of great concern and widespread debate, and this complex condition poses challenges to professionals and families seeking to support the growth and development of visually impaired children. On the basis of more than 30 years' experience in working with hundreds of children of all ages with CVI, Christine Roman-Lantzy has developed a set of unique assessment tools and systematic, targeted principles whose use has helped children learn to use their vision more effectively. This one-of-a-kind resource provides readers with both a conceptual framework with which to understand working with CVI and concrete strategies to apply directly in their work.

Order your copy at


or call 800-232-3044.


Table of Contents


My Introduction to "CVI"

Chapter 1 Cortical Visual Impairment: An Overview

Chapter 2 Medical and Other Causes of Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 3 Visual and Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 4 The Primacy of Parents

Chapter 5 Functional Vision Assessment: The CVI Range

Chapter 6 Program Planning and Intervention


Appendixes Essential Forms


AFB Press
American Foundation for the Blind

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JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the World articles are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author's experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <jvib@afb.net>. Manuscripts should be e-mailed to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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Special JVIB Theme Issue
Macular Degeneration: The New Epidemic

Guest editors: Lylas Mogk, M.D., medical director, Visual Rehabilitation and Research Center, Henry Ford Health System. Gale Watson, M.Ed., blind rehabilitation specialist, Blind Rehabilitation Service, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and certified low vision therapist, Rehabilitation Research and Development Center on Aging Veterans with Vision Loss, Atlanta VA Medical Center.

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2008

Projected publication date: October 2008

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue on macular degeneration. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Pathology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), demographics, and risk factors
· Current medical and surgical treatments and those on the horizon
· The impact of AMD on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and central visual field
· The functional impct of AMD: literacy, activities of daily living, community participation, and mobility and transportation
· The impact on function of co-morbidities common to aging
· The psychosocial impact of AMD
· Charles Bonnet Syndrome: prevalence, theories, and experience
· The impact of AMD on family and community interactions
· Personal stories of AMD
· The impact of AMD on society
· Rehabilitation of individuals with AMD: visual skills, activities of daily living, environmental adaptations, and counseling
· Service delivery systems and funding issues
· Outcome studies for rehabilitation services
· Future trends and expectations

The guest editors welcome your inquiries and ideas for this issue. Contact the editors by e-mail: Lylas Mogk, <lmogk1@hfhs.org>; and Gale Watson, <gale.watson@med.va.gov>.

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind; web site: <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <afbpress@afb.net>.

Manuscripts should be e-mailed for peer review to: Dr. Duane Geruschat, Editor in Chief, JVIB: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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Completely updated!

In the ever-changing world of technology, how do you keep track of all the trends and new products? Look to the AccessWorld(R) Guide to Assistive Technology Products! The completely updated 2008 edition includesn detailed profiles of over 280 products for people who are blind or visually impaired, including more than 30 new products.

The Product Guide will help you find the right device for your needs. From cell phones, PDAs, and GPS systems to screen readers, braille printers, and CCTVs--they're all here in one convenient easy-to-use guide.


· Hundreds of products, with a full description of product features

· Easy-to-use charts that compare products

· A comprehensive guide on how to buy an accessible cell phone

· A new section on accessible cell phones and related software

· A new section on Global Positioning Systems (GPS)

· A list of evaluations published in AccessWorld(R), AFB's technology magazine

· A resource section with manufacturer name and contact information

New online access!

With your print or CD purchase, you'll receive access to the new online edition, at no additional cost. Enjoy live links to manufacturers' web sites, in-depth product evaluations in AccessWorld(R), as well as powerful search capabilities.

Available formats:

Online-only: $19.00

Print with online access: $34.95

ASCII on CD-ROM or ASCII on floppy disk with online access: $34.95

Order atwww.afb.org/store

AFB Press
American Foundation for the Blind

(end advertisement)

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The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2017 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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