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AFB JOURNAL OVISUAL
IMPAIRMENT& BLINDNESS
  
Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss  
 

April 2008 • Volume 102 Number 4

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Journal of visual impairment and blindness

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Contents

ARTICLES

Braille

The Development of Phonological Awareness by Braille Users: A Review of the Research--print edition page(s) 210-220

Martin R. Monson and Sandy K. Bowen

Abstract: This article presents a review of research on the development of phonological awareness by braille readers. The review determined that the relationship between phonological awareness and braille is uncertain because of the lack of commonality among the studies, the extent of contradictory findings, and the small number of studies involving beginning braille readers.

Literacy Media

The Impact of the Perspectives of Teachers and Parents on the Literacy Media Selections for Independent Study of Students Who Are Visually Impaired--print edition page(s) 221-231

Vassilios S. Argyropoulos, Georgios D. Sideridis, and Philippos Katsoulis

Abstract: This study explored the choices of literacy media for independent study of students with visual impairments. The predictors that were taken into account were teachers' use of technology, experience in teaching, and mastery of braille and the knowledge of braille of students, parents, and close friends.

Self-worth

Domain-Specific Ratings of Importance and Global Self-worth of Children with Visual Impairments--print edition page(s) 232-244

Deborah R. Shapiro, Aaron Moffett, Lauren Lieberman, and Gail M. Dummer

Abstract: This study examined perceived competence; ratings of importance of physical appearance, athletic competence, and social acceptance; discrepancy scores; and global self-worth of 43 children with visual impairments. The findings revealed that the children discounted the importance of physical appearance, athletic competence, and social acceptance and had moderately high ratings of global, or overall, self-worth. The results are discussed in relation to understanding the effects of discounting strategies on domain-specific and overall self-esteem.

NEWS AND FEATURES

Editor's Page--print edition page(s) 195-195

Perspectives

Reading Instruction for Students with Visual Impairments: Whose Job Is It?

Reading Is Rocket Science--print edition page(s) 197-200

Karen Blankenship

Reading Instruction: Best Practices and Realities in Canada's Largest School District--print edition page(s) 200-203

Carol Farrenkopf

Teaching Reading and Writing to Students with Visual Impairments: Who Is Responsible?--print edition page(s) 203-206

M. Cay Holbrook

Reflections on Teaching Reading in Braille--print edition page(s) 206-209

Anna M. Swenson

From the Field--print edition page(s) 245-250

News--print edition page(s) 250-251

Calendar--print edition page(s) 251-156


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Sept. 5-6, 2008 * Westin Riverwalk Hotel * San Antonio

Envision® Conference

A multi-disciplinary low vision rehabilitation & research conference

Call for presentations:

Share your knowledge of the low vision rehabilitation field. Easy online submission of your presentation by April 30. For more information, contact michael.epp@envisionus.com.

Call for abstracts:

Share your research on vision science or low vision rehabilitation in a platform talk or poster session. Easy online submission of your abstract by June 16. Contact james.nolan@envisionus.com

Call for attendees:

Join Optometrists, O&Ms, Occupational Therapists, TVIs, LVTs, VRTs, MDs, vision researchers, and advocates for the vision impaired and blind. Four simultaneous tracks of programming; last year attendees earned up to 22.5 CEs from ACVREP, AOTA, COPE, ARBO, or CRCC.

See why one TVI said, "The conference was awesome ... in 25 years as an educator this was the best conference I have ever attended."

Make your plans to join us in sunny San Antonio!

www.envisionconference.org

3579 Postal Service Returns are to be sent to:

AFB Press Customer Service, P.O. Box 1020, Sewickley, PA 15143-1020

(end advertisement)


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The GuildScholar Program

A Scholarship for Visually Impaired High School Students

Open to all legally blind high school students entering college in September 2008. Application to be made at the end of the junior year of high school.

Must be a US Citizen or legal resident, have an excellent academic record and have demonstrated school and community leadership.

Scholarships of up to $15,000 will be competitively awarded to qualified students. The deadline for the 2008 scholarships is July 1st, 2007. The GuildScholar application is online.

Please log on to www.jgb.org/guildscholar.asp

For more information, contact Gordon Rovins at rovinsg@jgb.org

(end advertisement)


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Cortical Visual Impairment

An Approach to Assessment and Intervention

By Christine Roman-Lantzy

The current leading cause of visual impairment among children is not a disease or condition of the eyes, but cortical visual impairment (CVI)--also known as cerebral visual impairment--in which visual dysfunction is caused by damage or injury to the brain. The definition, nature, and treatment of CVI are the focus of great concern and widespread debate, and this complex condition poses challenges to professionals and families seeking to support the growth and development of visually impaired children. On the basis of more than 30 years' experience in working with hundreds of children of all ages with CVI, Christine Roman-Lantzy has developed a set of unique assessment tools and systematic, targeted principles whose use has helped children learn to use their vision more effectively. This one-of-a-kind resource provides readers with both a conceptual framework with which to understand working with CVI and concrete strategies to apply directly in their work.

Order your copy at

www.afb.org/store

or call 800-232-3044.

$49.95

Table of Contents

Foreword

My Introduction to "CVI"

Chapter 1 Cortical Visual Impairment: An Overview

Chapter 2 Medical and Other Causes of Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 3 Visual and Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 4 The Primacy of Parents

Chapter 5 Functional Vision Assessment: The CVI Range

Chapter 6 Program Planning and Intervention

References

Appendixes Essential Forms

Resources

AFB Press
American Foundation for the Blind

(end advertisement)


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2008 AccessWorld® Guide to Assistive Technology Products

In the ever-changing world of technology, how do you keep track of all the trends and new products? Look to the AccessWorld® Guide to Assistive Technology Products! The completely updated 2008 edition includes detailed profiles of over 280 products for people who are blind or visually impaired, including more than 30 new products.

The Product Guide will help you find the right device for your needs. From cell phones, PDAs, and GPS systems to screen readers, braille printers, and CCTVs--they're all here in one convenient easy-to-use guide.

Includes:

· Hundreds of products, with a full description of product features

· Easy-to-use charts that compare products

· A comprehensive guide on how to buy an accessible cell phone

· A new section on accessible cell phones and related software

· A new section on Global Positioning Systems (GPS)

· A list of evaluations published in AccessWorld®, AFB's technology magazine

· A resource section with manufacturer name and contact information

New online access!

With your print or CD purchase, you'll receive access to the new online edition, at no additional cost. Enjoy live links to manufacturers' web sites, in-depth product evaluations in AccessWorld®, as well as powerful search capabilities.

Available formats:

Online-only: $19.00 Order at www.afb.org/store

Print with online access

ASCII on CD-ROM or ASCII on floppy disk with online access

$34.95 each

Completely updated!

AFB PRESS

American Foundation for the blind

(end advertisement)


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Special JVIB Theme Issue: Literacy

Guest editors: M. Cay Holbrook, Ph.D., associate professor, Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia; and Carol Farrenkopf, Ed.D., Vision Program Coordinator, Toronto District School Board

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2009

Projected publication date: October 2009

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue, Literacy. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Reflections on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Louis Braille

· Reading instruction, including instruction in braille, large print, and standard print with optical devices

· Dual-media instruction and dual-media learners

· Legislation that impacts literacy instruction and services, including No Child Left Behind and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

· Results of research related to literacy for students with visual impairment leading to evidence-based practice

· Adoption, use, and discussion of the Unified English Braille Code

· Emergent literacy skills and functional literacy skills

· The relationship between literacy and technology and assistive technology

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <afbpress@afb.net>.

E-mail submissions should be sent to: <jvib@jhmi.edu>.

Postal mail submissions should be sent to:

Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D.

Editor in Chief, JVIB

Lions Vision Center

550 North Broadway, 6th Floor

Baltimore, MD 21205

Questions should be sent to the editor in chief at the following e-mail address:

<jvib@lions.med.jhu.edu>.


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CALL FOR PAPERS

Celebrating 100 Years ... and Beyond!

For the past 100 years, the Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) has been the primary journal of record for the field of visual impairment and is a critical forum for the discussion of significant research, practice, and trends. The journal seeks to provide readers with essential information to support and inform their professional thinking and practice. In addition to articles and reports on all aspects of the work of the field, from educational practice to low vision service delivery to rehabilitation issues, JVIB welcomes submissions on the following topics of great current concern:

· Practice reports from teachers of students with visual impairments, including students with multiple disabilities

· Discussions of low vision service delivery, focusing on models of team collaboration and service provider roles, funding and reimbursement issues, and patient need and service outcomes

· Perspectives on the impact of federal No Child Left Behind legislation on programs for students with visual impairments and on teacher effectiveness

· Experiences of participants in the national Medicare demonstration project examining reimbursement of services by certified orientation and mobility specialists, low vision therapists, and vision rehabilitation therapists

· Examinations of different certification models and approaches in such areas as orientation and mobility

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <jvib@afb.net>.

Manuscripts should be e-mailed for peer review to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, JVIB: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205. Inquiries for the editor in chief should be e-mailed to: <jvibeditor@afb.net>.

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JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the World articles are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author's experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <www.afb.org/jvib_guidelines.asp>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <press@afb.net>. Manuscripts should be e-mailed to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness: <jvib@jhmi.edu>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

(end advertisement)

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The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright © 2014 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.

 

If you would like to give us feedback, please contact us at jvib@afb.net.

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