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AFB JOURNAL OVISUAL
IMPAIRMENT& BLINDNESS
  
Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss  
 

August 2010 • Volume 104 Number 8

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Editor's Page

Print edition page number(s) 451-451

Before I begin discussing the articles in this month's issue, I would like to acknowledge and thank JVIB's Editorial Advisory Board, whose names and affiliations are listed on the masthead of the print journal and in JVIB Online. Ably led by Chair Stuart Wittenstein, the board usually meets annually to listen to the significant activities of the year--we discussed the launch of the online comment-on-this-article feature, for example, and the status of the upcoming October 2010 Special Issue on Vision and the Brain--and to set the course for the next year. With nine members, five-year terms, and staggered term start dates, each year's meeting provides the opportunity to welcome new members and their own unique and valued perspective on the work of JVIB. The annual meeting took place in New York in May 2010, and Dr. Wittenstein and I and the rest of the board and other meeting attendees were pleased to welcome Deborah Hatton, of Vanderbilt University, and Marshall Flax, from the Wisconsin Council of the Blind and Visually Impaired. Their decades of service and leadership in the field of visual impairment and blindness will provide an important contribution to the growth and stature of the journal. I thank them for their willingness to support JVIB and say, "Welcome aboard!"

This August issue of JVIB begins with an interesting study from Kim, Wall Emerson, and Curtis on the effects of differing cane techniques and practice of the ability to detect drop-offs. Looking at the interaction effects of the current cane technique and the amount of practice on the detection of drop-offs by 32 adults who were blind, the authors found the constant contact technique offered a large improvement in detection over the two-point touch technique for the less experienced cane users, an important finding for orientation and mobility (O&M) practitioners. In addition, this article offers the opportunity for readers to earn a continuing education unit (CEU) for the Academy for Certification of Vision Rehabilitation & Education Professionals (ACVREP). The web site <http://jvib.org/CEUs> has more information about the brand-new JVIB CEU system.

Sandra Lewis and Amy McKenzie present the results of a survey dealing with the roles of paraeducators in local and residential schools. Paraeducators in local schools reported that they were required to provide less direct service and received more training opportunities and greater supervision from teachers of students with visual impairments whom they rated as more competent than did their counterparts at residential schools. In addition to these findings, this article offers the second opportunity for readers to earn a CEU.

The remaining articles and reports in this month's issue cover everything from the reaching behavior of infants to advanced information technology (IT) network training for adults who are visually impaired. First, Ihsen, Troester, and Brambring present their study on the comparison of sound-producing and silent objects on the reaching behavior of blind infants. Next, Bell describes a certification examination, the National Literary Braille Competency Test (NLBCT), and includes a description of its history, development, pilot testing, and validation. In a Practice Report, Trief, Bruce, and Cascella provide an overview of a study on selecting tangible symbols for students with visual and multiple disabilities. And a Research Report by Armstrong and Murray wraps up the issue with a study on the challenges of teaching IT to blind students in a way that is equivalent to the IT learning experiences of sighted students. Their findings suggest that an equivalent e-learning environment can be developed and that students can succeed when provided the necessary materials and information in accessible format.

Whether your interests lie with personnel preparation or orientation and mobility, multiple disabilities or early intervention, there is something for you in this month's JVIB. Enjoy!

Duane R. Geruschat , Ph.D.
Editor in Chief


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The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
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