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AFBAmerican Foundation®
for the Blind

Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

Teaching Social Skills to Students with Visual Impairment

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Transcript

Positive Interventions & Strategies

Why Teach Social Skills
         Students with visual impairments require mediation of the environment
         Students with visual impairments acquire social skills much differently than their sighted peers
         Social behavior permeates all that we do in the world around us.

Why Teach Social Skills: Continued Having a repertoire of social skills allows students to develop positive friendships.
         Socially competent behavior facilitates employment and independent living opportunities in adult life.
         The acquisition of socially skills behaviors promotes social competence & nurtures self-esteem.

Why Teach Social Skills: Continued
         Having a repertoire of social skills allows students to develop positive friendships.
         Socially competent behavior facilitates employment and independent living opportunities in adult life.
         The acquisition of socially skills behaviors promotes social competence & nurtures self-esteem.

Definition of Social Skills
         Trait Model
         Component or Molecular Model
         Cognitive Behavioral

Assessment of Social Skills
         Observation
         Interviews
         Social Skills Checklists
         Role Play Scenarios
         Video & Audio Tapes
         Student Self-evaluation
         Problem Solving Scenarios

Types of Social Skills Assessment
         Social Skills Assessment Tool: V.I.
         School Social Behavior Scale
         Social Skills Rating System
         Walker-McConnell Scale of Social competence & School Adjustment
         Peer nomination & rating scales

Sequential Model for Teaching Social Skills
         Awareness---Behavioral
         Interactive---Development of Relationships
         Student Self-Evaluation--Cognitive Behavioral

Social Skills Interventions
         Structured behavioral
         Cognitive behavioral
         Problem solving scenarios
         Peer-Mediation
         Student self-monitoring
         Use of mentors & role models
         Audio/video feedback

Social Skills Interventions for Students with MD/VI
         Use of scripts for promoting age-appropriate communication
         Provide real experiences with peers that promote socialization
         Teach games & activities that foster interaction
         Use social initiators to facilitate interaction

Social Skills Intervention Strategies for Teens
         Assertiveness Training & Strong Communication Skills
         Promoting Self-Advocacy
         Taking Responsibility for One's Actions & Belongings
         Taking the Role of Others & Reciprocation
         Understanding Non-Verbal Cues

Intervention Strategies Continued
         Interpreting Non-Verbal Behavior
         Nurturing Independence
         Promoting Decision-Making & Problem Solving
         Issues of Sexuality & Positive Social Relationships
         Promoting Work Experience & Employment

Role of the TVI in Teaching Social Skills
         Develop partnerships with general education teachers, specialists, and families.
         Create & encourage opportunities for students to practice social skills.
         Encourage students to participate in a range of after-school & community activities.

Role of the TVI Continued
         Provide opportunities for students to discuss their visual impairment with others.
         Provide consistent information to the student about social performance.
         Have clear & realistic expectations for the student.
         Believe that the student can be socially competent.

(Sacks, 2005)

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