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AFBAmerican Foundation®
for the Blind

Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

Children and Youth with Vision Loss

Updated January 2014

Population (2012 APH Data)

According to the 2012 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), there are approximately 59,193 children who are legally blind in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-21 years and only include those children with vision loss that are legally blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2012 Annual Report: American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. http://www.aph.org/annual-reports/2012. The American Printing House for the Blind maintains an annual register of legally blind persons in educational settings below the college level.


Gender (2011 ACS Data)

According to the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS), there are approximately 534,476 children with vision difficulty in the U.S. According to the 2012 ACS, there are 254,410 girls and 280,066 boys under the age of 18 that have vision difficulty in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-18 years and only include those children that have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses as well as those that are blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2012 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/


Population (2011 APH Data)

According to the 2011 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), there are approximately 58,939 children who are legally blind in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-21 years and only include those children with vision loss that are legally blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2011 Annual Report: American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. http://www.aph.org/annual-reports/2011. The American Printing House for the Blind maintains an annual register of legally blind persons in educational settings below the college level.


Gender (2011 ACS Data)

According to the 2011 American Community Survey (ACS), there are approximately 518,382 children with vision difficulty in the U.S. According to the 2011 ACS, there are 246,948 girls and 271,434 boys under the age of 18 that have vision difficulty in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-18 years and only include those children that have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses as well as those that are blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2011 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/


Population (2010 APH Data)

According to the 2010 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), there are approximately 59,341 legally blind children in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-21 years and only include those children with vision loss that are legally blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2010 Annual Report: American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. http://www.aph.org/about/ar2010.html. The American Printing House for the Blind maintains an annual register of legally blind persons in educational settings below the college level.


Gender (2010 ACS Data)

According to the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS), there are approximately 490,420 children with vision difficulty in the U.S. According to the 2010 ACS, there are 241,820 girls and 248,600 boys under the age of 18 that have vision difficulty in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-18 years and only include those children that have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses as well as those that are blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2010 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/

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