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AFBAmerican Foundation®
for the Blind

Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

Children and Youth with Vision Loss

Updated January 2017

Population (2015 APH Data)

According to the 2015 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), there are approximately 61,739 U.S. children in educational settings who are legally blind.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-21 years and only include those children with vision loss that are legally blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2015 Annual Report: American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. http://www.aph.org/annual-reports. The American Printing House for the Blind maintains an annual register of legally blind persons in educational settings below the college level.
Read our brief resource guide to APH data.


Gender (2015 ACS Data)

According to the 2015 American Community Survey (ACS), there are approximately 455,462 children with vision difficulty in the U.S. According to the 2015 ACS, there are 219,543 girls and 235,919 boys under the age of 18 that have vision difficulty in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-18 years and only include those children that have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses as well as those that are blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2015 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/
Read our brief resource guide to the ACS.


Population (2014 APH Data)

According to the 2014 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), there are approximately 60,393 U.S. children in educational settings who are legally blind.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-21 years and only include those children with vision loss that are legally blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2014 Annual Report: American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. http://www.aph.org/annual-reports. The American Printing House for the Blind maintains an annual register of legally blind persons in educational settings below the college level.
Read our brief resource guide to APH data.


Gender (2014 ACS Data)

According to the 2014 American Community Survey (ACS), there are approximately 543,893 children with vision difficulty in the U.S. According to the 2014 ACS, there are 261,413 girls and 282,480 boys under the age of 18 that have vision difficulty in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-18 years and only include those children that have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses as well as those that are blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2014 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/
Read our brief resource guide to the ACS.


Population (2013 APH Data)

According to the 2013 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), there are approximately 59,621 U.S. children in educational settings who are legally blind.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-21 years and only include those children with vision loss that are legally blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2013 Annual Report: American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. http://www.aph.org/annual-reports. The American Printing House for the Blind maintains an annual register of legally blind persons in educational settings below the college level.


Gender (2013 ACS Data)

According to the 2013 American Community Survey (ACS), there are approximately 557,236 children with vision difficulty in the U.S. According to the 2013 ACS, there are 267,027 girls and 290,209 boys under the age of 18 that have vision difficulty in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-18 years and only include those children that have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses as well as those that are blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2013 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/


Population (2012 APH Data)

According to the 2012 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), there are approximately 59,193 U.S. children in educational settings who are legally blind.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-21 years and only include those children with vision loss that are legally blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2012 Annual Report: American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. http://www.aph.org/annual-reports/2012. The American Printing House for the Blind maintains an annual register of legally blind persons in educational settings below the college level.


Gender (2012 ACS Data)

According to the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS), there are approximately 534,476 children with vision difficulty in the U.S. According to the 2012 ACS, there are 254,410 girls and 280,066 boys under the age of 18 that have vision difficulty in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-18 years and only include those children that have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses as well as those that are blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2012 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/


Population (2011 APH Data)

According to the 2011 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), there are approximately 58,939 U.S. children in educational settings who are legally blind.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-21 years and only include those children with vision loss that are legally blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2011 Annual Report: American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. http://www.aph.org/annual-reports/2011. The American Printing House for the Blind maintains an annual register of legally blind persons in educational settings below the college level.


Gender (2011 ACS Data)

According to the 2011 American Community Survey (ACS), there are approximately 518,382 children with vision difficulty in the U.S. According to the 2011 ACS, there are 246,948 girls and 271,434 boys under the age of 18 that have vision difficulty in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-18 years and only include those children that have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses as well as those that are blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2011 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/


Population (2010 APH Data)

According to the 2010 Annual Report from the American Printing House for the Blind (APH), there are approximately 59,341 U.S. children in educational settings who are legally blind.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-21 years and only include those children with vision loss that are legally blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2010 Annual Report: American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. http://www.aph.org/about/ar2010.html. The American Printing House for the Blind maintains an annual register of legally blind persons in educational settings below the college level.


Gender (2010 ACS Data)

According to the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS), there are approximately 490,420 children with vision difficulty in the U.S. According to the 2010 ACS, there are 241,820 girls and 248,600 boys under the age of 18 that have vision difficulty in the U.S.

Definition and scope: The children referred to range in age from 0-18 years and only include those children that have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses as well as those that are blind. Legal blindness is a level of vision loss that has been defined by law to determine eligibility for benefits. It refers to explicitly to those who have a central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best possible correction, or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Data source: 2010 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/

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