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AFBAmerican Foundation®
for the Blind

Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments

Teachers of students with visual impairments are trained to teach specialized skills that visually impaired children and youth must learn, including:

  • Compensatory academic skills (reading and writing with braille or enlarged print, calculating with abacus or talking calculators, etc.)
  • Basic orientation and mobility (O&M) skills
  • Social interaction skills
  • Career education
  • Self determination
  • Recreation and leisure skills
  • Visual efficiency skills, as applicable
  • Independent living skills
  • Use of assistive technology

In mainstream school environments, teachers of students with visual impairments provide support to general education classroom teachers in the form of technical advice and assistance with obtaining accessible (braille, large print, electronic) learning and testing materials. They advocate for the inclusion of visually impaired children and youth in all aspects of public education—including career education.

Teachers of students with visual impairments also work in residential and special schools specifically designed for children who are blind or visually impaired and may have multiple disabilities, as well as in special classes or resource rooms in mainstream schools. Many teachers of visually impaired students are itinerant. That is, they are assigned to several schools, each of which may have only one or a few students with visual impairments.

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