Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness

January 2004 • Volume 98Number 1



Orientation and Mobility

Tai Chi for People with Visual Impairments: A Pilot Study —Tanya A. Miszko, Vincent K. Ramsey, and Bruce B. Blasch, print edition page 5

Abstract: This pilot study assessed the physical and psychological outcomes of a tai chi exercise program for eight adults with visual impairments. It found that after eight weeks of orientation and mobility training and tai chi practice, the participants' single leg-stance time and total knee flexion work and power improved, as did their frequency of, independence in, and satisfaction with performing mobility tasks.


Visually Impaired Older Adults and Home-Based Leisure Activities: The Effects of Person-Environment Congruence—Regena Stevens-Ratchford and Airi Krause, print edition page 14

Abstract: This qualitative study explored the effect of person-environment congruence on participation in home-based leisure activities by two legally blind older adults who lived independently in the community. The results indicated that visual impairment increased the time spent in home-based leisure activities and that the participants used various proactive behaviors to engage in these activities.

Reading Rates

The Impact of a Modified Repeated-Reading Strategy Paired with Optical Character Recognition on the Reading Rates of Students with Visual Impairments—Suzan Trefry Pattillo, Kathryn Wolf Heller, and Maureen Smith, print edition page 28

Abstract: The repeated-reading strategy and optical character recognition were paired to demonstrate a functional relationship between the combined strategies and two factors: the reading rates of students with visual impairments and the students' self-perceptions, or attitudes, toward reading. The results indicated that all five students increased their reading rates, and four students' attitudes toward reading improved.

Practice Report

Encouraging Problem Solving in Orientation and Mobility—Fabiana Perla and Betsy O'Donnell, print edition page 47


Editor's Page, print page edition 3

Technology Notes

The Braille Teacher's Pal: A Review of SAL,—by Frances Mary D'Andrea print edition page 53

From the Field, print edition page 56

Calendar, print edition page 59

Classified, print edition page 62


AER—Action Equal Results—by Mark Richert, print edition page 64

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (ISSN: 0145-482X) is published monthly by AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; individual subscriptions, $130 per year; institutional subscriptions, $180 per year. Periodicals postage paid at New York, New York, and at additional post offices.

POSTMASTER: Send address changes and subscription orders to AFB Press Customer Service, P.O. Box 1020, Sewickley, PA 15143-1020.

All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, except as may be expressly permitted by the 1976 Copyright Act or in writing from the publisher. Requests for permission should be addressed to the Copyright Clearance Center, Customer Service, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923; phone: 978-750-8400. Printed by The Sheridan Press, Hanover, PA. Copyright 2004 American Foundation for the Blind. Owned by the American Foundation for the Blind.


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18th Josephine L. Taylor Leadership Institute

Independent and Together

Maintaining Specialized Services and Expanding Partnerships

Friday, March 5 – Sunday, March 7, 2004

Washington Marriott, Washington, DC

Registration Fees:

• Early Bird—$295 • Pre-Registration—$345

• Late/at the Door—$395 • Research Roundtable—$35

Reservations: 1-800-228-9290

Single Room—$139 • Double Room—$144

To receive an invitation with more detailed information and schedules, contact Julie Tucker, AFB, (212) 502-7661 or, or go online to


American Foundation for the Blind

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Special JVIB Theme Issue on Orientation and Mobility

Guest editors: Kathleen M. Huebner, Ph.D., associate dean, Graduate Studies in Vision Impairment, Pennsylvania College of Optometry.

William Wiener, Ph.D., dean, The Graduate College, Western Michigan Univesity.

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2005

Projected publication date: October 2005

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue on orientation and mobility (O&M). Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

The guest editors welcome your inquiries and ideas for this issue. Contact the editors by e-mail: Kathleen M. Huebner, <>; William Wiener, <>.

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <>.

Manuscripts should be sent for peer review to: Dr. Alan J. Koenig Editor in Chief, JVIB College of Education Texas Tech University Box 41071 Lubbock, TX 79409

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JVIB, Copyright © 2009 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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