Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness

January 2007 • Volume 101Number 1




Employment-related Experiences of Youths Who Are Visually Impaired: How Are These Youths Faring?--Alexander Shaw, Deborah Gold, and Karen Wolffe, print edition pages 7-21

Abstract: This article describes the results in the employment domain of a larger study of the lifestyles of 328 Canadian youths, aged 15-21 and 22-30, 131 of whom were blind and 197 of whom had low vision. The youths completed a survey on their work-related experiences, including their current employment status and job-search strategies. In addition to characterizing the overall employment-related experiences of the youths, the study explored differences by visual status, gender, and age group.


Technology and Early Braille Literacy: Using the Mountbatten Pro Brailler in Primary-grade Classrooms--Holly L. Cooper and Sharon K. Nichols, print edition pages 22-31

Abstract: This article describes the Early Braille Readers Project, which provided a Mountbatten Pro Brailler and peripheral equipment to 20 kindergarteners, first-, and second graders in Texas. The project included training and support in the form of site visits and teacher training for both teachers of students with visual impairments and classroom teachers, group workshops, and an electronic discussion group. The project had a positive impact on the students' writing and reading skills and participation in instruction and social interaction.

Early Intervention

A Proposed Tactile Vision-substitution System for Infants Who Are Blind Tested on Sighted Infants--Hervé Segond, Déborah Weiss, and Eliana Sampaio, print edition pages 32-43

Abstract: This article analyzes the attraction of stimulation produced by a visuotactile sensory substitution device, which was designed to provide optical information to infants who are blind via a tactile modality. The device was first tested on sighted infants, to demonstrate that this type of stimulation on the abdomen is pleasant and rewarding in comparison to visual and auditory reinforcement. The preliminary results of this research allow us to consider the possibility of developing practical visual-substitution devices for infants who are blind.

Research Report

A Qualitative Analysis of Reading Rehabilitation of Persons with Age-related Macular Degeneration--Mary Feely, Arlene Vetere, and Lynn B. Myers, print edition pages 44-49


Editor's Page, print edition page 3


Farewell to Corinne Kirchner--Duane R. Geruschat, print edition page 5

Lessons from Dr. Kirchner--William De l'Aune, print edition pages 5-6

From the Field, print issue page 51

JVIB Peer Reviewers, print edition pages 52-53

News, print edition pages 54-56

Calendar, print edition pages 57-64



Success through Innovation

HumanWare empowers those who are blind or have low vision to live independently and compete effectively in a sighted world.


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Faculty Position in Orientation & Mobility

The Department of Vision Sciences at The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) invites applications for a Research Assistant Professor, non-tenure earning faculty position. Candidates with expertise in Orientation and Mobility training are especially requested to apply.

This position in the Department of Vision Sciences will have responsibility for educational research and training in Orientation & Mobility training for persons with low vision, blindness and deaf-blindness. Courses in Orientation & Mobility and Visual Impairment education will lead to O&M professional national certification. Research activities will involve community issues related to vision loss. Grant writing, grant administration, coordination of projects related to vision education and research, and supervision of staff and students is required.

Candidates must possess a PhD with master's degree level training in Orientation & Mobility. Experience with community programs in low vision, with research, and with publications is desired.

Applications should be received by February 28, 2007 to ensure full consideration. Applications should send their curriculum vitae and the names of three references to:

Dr. Paul D. R. Damlin, Chair

Department of Vision Sciences

University of Alabama at Birmingham

924 South 18th Street

Birmingham, AL 35294-4390


UAB is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action employer. Woman and minority candidates are encouraged to apply.

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Live Large and Think Big at the 2007 JLTLI

The American Foundation for the Blind's 2007 Josephine L. Taylor Leadership Institute is deep in the heart of Dallas, Texas, March 23-24

The 2007 JLTLI promises:

* A variety of networking opportunities;

* Discussions on critical factors affecting services to people with vision loss;

* Lively, interactive workshops on topics of interest to administrators, educators, and rehabilitation practitioners;

* Recognition of leaders in the blindness field;

* And lots, lots more!

Save the date and send yourself southwest.

March 23-24, 2007

For more information and updates, visit or email

AFB, American Foundation for the Blind

Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

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Families Connecting with Families

In the Heartland of America

July 13-15, 2007 * Omaha, Nebraska

A national conference covering all aspects of raising and education a child with a visual impairment, the 2007 FCF conference will include:

* Interactive sessions and panel discussions to address parents' most pressing interests: braille, social skills, college preparation, getting a first job, children with low vision or additional disabilities, & much more

* Networking with other families and professionals

* Daycare for children

* Activities designed especially for teens

* Fun for the whole family: a trip to Omaha's world-class Henry Doorly Zoo and a pioneer-style Family Cookout wiith campfires, music, and stories of the Wild West

The 2007 Conference will be held at:

Hilton Omaha * 1001 Class Street * Omaha, Nebraska 68102


National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

American Foundation for the Blind

The Seeing Eye

Keep an eye on the following web sites for more information: * *

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Aging and Vision Loss

A Handbook for Families

Alberta L. Orr and Priscilla Rogers, Ph.D.

Aging and Vision Loss: A Handbook for Families provides supportive, reassuring and practical advice for family members confronting vision loss in an elderly parent, other relative, or friend. Answers to common questions and suggestion on how to work toward adjustment are presented, along with tips on improving family communication, finding emotional support, using adaptive strategies for carrying out everyday activities, and organizing one's home and living environment. A comprehensive resource list is included. The handbook is 256 pages long and is $19.95; it is available in large-print paperback and on ASCII disk.

Order your copy at

AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind

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JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.


Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500–5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000–2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the World articles are peer reviewed. Length: 500–2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author's experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500–1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.


Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.


The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <www.>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <>. Manuscripts should be e-mailed to : <>; or mailed to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205; e-mail: <>.

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Celebrating 100 Years--and Beyond!

In its centennial volume year, the Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness remains the primary journal of record for the field of visual impairment and is a critical forum for the discussion of significant research, practice, and trends. The journal seeks to provide readers with essential information to support and inform their professional thinking and practice. In addition to articles and reports on all aspects of the work of the field, from educational practice to low vision service delivery to rehabilitation issues, JVIB welcomes submissions on the following topics of great current concern:

* Practice reports from teachers of students with visual impairments, including students with multiple disabilities

* Discussions of low vision service delivery, focusing on models of team collaboration and service provider roles, funding and reimbursement issues, and patient need and service outcomes

* Perspectives on the impact of federal No Child Left Behind legislation on programs for students with visual impairments and on teacher effectiveness

* Experiences of participants in the national Medicare demonstration project examining reimbursement of services by certified orientation and mobility specialists, low vision therapists, and vision rehabilitation therapists

* Examinations of different certification models and approaches in such areas as orientation and mobility

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <>.

Manuscripts should be sent for peer review to:

Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, JVIB, e-mail: <>.

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