March 2005 • Volume 99 • Number 3
Changing the Public's Attitude Toward Braille: A Grassroots Approach—Sheri Wells-Jensen, Jason Wells-Jensen, and Gabrielle Belknap, print edition page 133
Abstract: This study addressed the effect of casual exposure to braille on the attitudes toward blindness and the use of braille of three groups of sighted university students: students in two sections of a general linguistics course for language arts teachers, one taught by a blind instructor (Group 1) and the other taught by a sighted instructor (Group 2), and students in an English composition class (Group 3). Overall, the respondents in Group 1 expressed the most positive attitudes toward blindness and toward braille. These results suggest that individual readers of braille can positively affect attitudes toward braille.
Castrating Depictions of Visual Impairment: The Literary Backdrop to Eugenics—David Bolt, print edition page 141
Abstract: Whether consciously or unconsciously, attitudes toward visual impairment are likely to be influenced by its representation in fictional literature. Critical of a supposed link between visual impairment and castration, this article examines a sample of literary works that are found to unify with eugenics—not only in geographic and historical circulation, but in ideological content.
Optimism, Social Comparisons, and Coping with Vision Loss in Israel—Hasida Ben-Zur and Zoharit Debi, print edition page 151
Abstract: This study of 90 adults (aged 55–80) who lost their vision assessed their dispositional optimism, social comparisons, coping strategies, and well-being. The findings suggest that optimism and positive social comparisons play an important role in stimulating the motivation to cope adaptively with vision loss and that enhancing optimism and social comparisons may facilitate the rehabilitation of persons who are legally blind.
The Role of Visual Experience in Mental Imagery—Annick Vanlierde and Marie-Chantal Wanet-Defalque, print edition page 165
Abstract: The mental imagery of participants who became blind early in life (EB participants), participants who became blind later in life (LB participants), and sighted participants was compared in two experiments. In the first experiment, the participants were asked to image common objects and to estimate how far away these objects appeared in their image. In the second experiment, the participants were asked to point to the left and right sides of three objects, imaged at three increasing distances. The LB participants' performance of the tasks in both experiments was similar to that of the sighted participants, whereas the performance of the EB participants differed. The results reflect the close relationship between the development of visual perception and the properties of images.
Enabling a Girl with Multiple Disabilities to Control Her Favorite Stimuli Through Vocalization and a Dual-Microphone Microswitch—Giulio E. Lancioni, Nirbhay N. Singh, Mark F. O'Reilly, Doretta Oliva, and Jop Groeneweg, print edition page 179
In Memoriam, print edition page 130
Editor's Page, print edition page 131
From the Field, print edition page 183
News, print edition page 186
Calendar, print edition page 186
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