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Research Report: A Social Validation Assessment of Cooperative versus Individual Task Engagement of Persons with Multiple Disabilities
Since Research Reports do not have abstracts, we have provided an extract of the beginning of the full text.
One major objective of programs for persons with severe or profound intellectual and multiple disabilities is to teach these persons occupational and vocational tasks and to enable them to carry out these tasks independently (Davis, Brady, Williams, & Burta, 1992; Lancioni et al., 1991; Steed & Lutzker, 1997). The performance of such tasks has traditionally been conceived as a form of individual engagement (Siperstein & Leffert, 1997). However, recent research has shown that it is possible to enable persons with multiple disabilities, including visual impairment, to work together with peers and to share familiar tasks (that is, to engage cooperatively in task--hereafter "cooperative task engagement") (Lancioni, O'Reilly, Cognini, & Serenelli, 2001; Lancioni, O'Reilly, & Oliva, 2002).
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