jump to article
Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss  

Subscribe Now | Log In

Journal of visual impairment and blindness Home >  JVIB >  Health Outcomes Associated with Self-Reported Vision Impairment in Older Adults — JVIB Abstract

Health Outcomes Associated with Self-Reported Vision Impairment in Older Adults — JVIB Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: To compare the health status of older adults with and without vision impairment, this study employed a disability framework consisting of four stages, progressing from risk factors; through pathology and impairments that result in declining functioning; and eventually to disability. Methods: Data from five rounds (1999 to 2008) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study were analyzed. Binary and multinomial logistic regression were used to estimate odds ratios, with 95% confidence intervals reflecting the likelihood of negative health outcomes among persons with self-reported fair and poor vision relative to persons with good vision. Results: Fair and poor vision status were associated with negative health outcomes across the four health dimensions. Discussion: Disparities in health among vision status groups may originate as a result of limitations in daily activities that could lead to changes in diet, health maintenance, and activity levels. Alternatively, disparities may reflect primary pathologies and conditions that are secondarily related to poor vision status. Longitudinal research is suggested in order to assess the order of key events, and to make a more powerful assertion of causality. Implications for practitioners: Comparisons of health outcomes by vision status are important because of the potential to identify points in the disability framework where effective interventions could prevent progression to later stages in the disability process.

There are 0 comments on this article.

Please log in if you wish to make a comment.

If you are a JVIB subscriber, please log in below. If you are an AER member, JVIB is part of your membership benefit: please visit AER's website to access JVIB.

Not yet a subscriber? Here are some options:
Purchase this individual article

Prefer not to subscribe?
Read FREE JVIB content or check out what JVIB has to offer.


Related Links:

Comment on JVIB Articles

Sign in to use the new comment-on-this-article feature!

Help expand possibilities for people with vision loss—Donate to AFB.

Having trouble reading the site? Check out the American Foundation for the Blind's accessibility options. You can change the colors on our site, increase the text size, and even change the font to something you find more readable. Screen reader users can move repetitive links out of their way, by pushing the navigation bar to the bottom of the page.
AFB would like to hear from you. Please contact us with your comments and suggestions.

Link to Us | Site Map | Policy Statement | Copyright © 2011 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.
Material provided on AFB.org is intended for information use only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you have any concerns about your health, please contact your health provider.
  Valid HTML 4.0!