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AFB American Foundation®
for the Blind

Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

Cortical Visual Impairment: An Approach to Assessment and Intervention

Purchasers of chapters receive, free of charge, all introductory sections and appendixes to this publication.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: Cortical Visual Impairment: An Overview
    This introductory chapter summarizes the current understanding of the nature of visual impairment in children attributed to cortical visual impairment (CVI), including a historical perspective on CVI, the incidence of CVI, the role of the brain in vision, understanding of brain plasticity in developing visual functioning, and the importance of early intervention with children experiencing CVI.
  • Chapter 2: Medical and Other Causes of Cortical Visual Impairment
    Chapter 2 offers descriptions of the causes and conditions that may give rise to CVI in children, including congenital and perinatal disorders and conditions affecting the brain as well as causes of acquired CVI. Includes diagrams of relevant brain structures.
  • Chapter 3: Visual and Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Cortical Visual Impairment
    Although children with CVI usually have normal eye examinations, they typically display specific and unique visual behaviors that are characteristic of this condition and form the basis for understanding how to intervene with these children. This chapter describes each of these characteristic behaviors and explains how they tend to be manifested. Accompanying color photographs illustrate these concepts.
  • Chapter 4: The Primacy of Parents
    Because parents are the experts when it comes to their children and their behavior, they are crucial participants in assessing children with cortical visual impairment. This chapter includes suggestions for working with both parents and children, parent interview questions that can be used as part of a CVI assessment, and a chart for interpreting the responses to those questions.
  • Chapter 6: Program Planning and Intervention
    This chapter explains how to use the assessment tools presented in Chapter 5 to tailor an intervention program to the individual needs of a child with CVI. It includes tools for program planning and sample interventions. Accompanying color photographs illustrate these concepts.