Description of Age-Related Eye Conditions: Diabetic Retinopathy Lecture
This lecture will review the formation of proliferative retinopathy describing the growth of new blood vessels on the retina and optic nerve. Scarred tissue in diabetics can lead to retinal detachment due to adhesions between the vessel growths. Some blood vessels growing on the pupil are abnormal, an indicator of severe blood flow impairment. Critical proliferative changes such as increased eye pressure, hemorrhaging within the eye requires surgical management. Various types of procedures are used to treat retinopathy; Laser treatment, Avastin injections and intravitreal steroids are the most common. Controlling the hemogloblin H1C blood sugar count is the key to saving sight. A normal blood sugar should be under 150. Retinopathy can still occur after high bouts of blood sugar, because when the level was high, the blood vessels died and vision loss. Daily monitoring of blood sugar is essential in controlling diabetes and delaying and/or preventing retinopathy.
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