Description of Research Report: A Microswitch-based Program to Enable Students with Multiple Disabilities to Choose Among Environmental Stimuli
Students with multiple disabilities, such as severe to profound mental retardation combined with motor and visual impairment, are usually unable to engage in constructive activity or play a positive role in their daily context (Holburn, Nguyen, & Vietze, 2004; Lancioni, O'Reilly, et al., 2004; Reid, Phillips, & Green, 1991). Microswitches are technical tools that may help them improve their status by allowing them to control environmental events with small and simple responses suitable to their condition. For example, a contact or pressure microswitch could enable a student with multiple disabilities to turn on a music source through a small wrist-movement response (Lancioni et al., 2005; Saunders et al., 2001). The source could stay on for a few seconds after each response.