Description of Research Report: Impact of Favorite Stimuli on the Behavior of Persons with Multiple Disabilities WhileUsing a Treadmill
Persons with profound and multiple disabilities tend to have low levels of physical activity, with consequent problems of physical fitness (Angelopoulou et al., 2000; Center, Beange, & McElduff, 1998; Lancioni & O'Reilly, 1998; Wagemans, Fiolet, van der Linden, & Menheere, 1998). Two main types of programs of mild physical activity (that is, those that are easily acceptable for persons with profound and multiple disabilities) have been reported as efforts to counter fitness problems. One consists of the use of simple occupational tasks involving ambulation to different places (Lancioni, Gigante, O'Reilly, Oliva, & Montironi, 2000). The other relies on the use of basic exercise tools, such as stationary bicycles and steppers (Caouette & Reid, 1991). The latter approach, which may be considered easier to use in applied settings, has been combined successfully with the use of favorite stimuli contingent on the persons' engagement in exercise (Lancioni et al., in press).