The Unseen Minority: A Social History of Blindness in the United States

Index

    Note: Page numbers in the Index refer to the print edition. The Index entries can be used as search terms for the online edition.

  • AAIB. See American Association of Instructors of the Blind
  • AAWB. See American Association of Workers for the Blind
  • AFB. See American Foundation for the Blind
  • AFOB. See American Foundation for Overseas Blind
  • Aaronsohn, Rabbi Michael, 288, 313 fn
  • Abel, Georgie Lee, 355, 368, 487
  • Accreditation, 330, 378–81, 559 . See also Commission on Standards and Accreditation; National Accreditation Council
  • Acheson, Dean, 173
  • Adams, James S., 437
  • Adjustment Centers for the Blind (Spring Mill Conference Report), 329
  • Advisory Committee on Aging, 558
  • Aged Blind, 55, 557–58
  • Agencies serving blind persons, 58, 558–59 . See also State agencies and commissions, and under individual names
  • Aids and appliances, 96, 366, 384, 385–415, 534 . See also AFB: technological research; Mobility: guidance devices; Reading machines
  • Aid to the Blind (Title X). See Social Security Act
  • Air Transport Association, 96
  • Akiba, Umaji, 423–24
  • Albe, E. E. Fournier d', 392, 394
  • Alcorn, Sophia, 524, 526
  • Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf. See Volta Bureau
  • Alexander, King of Yugoslavia, 373
  • Allen, Alfred, 288, 362, 365
  • Allen, Edward Ellis, 15, 22, 277, 423, 443, 447–48, 479–81, 538 ; on Charles Campbell, 541 ; on dog guides, 337 ; and education of partially sighted, 471 ; and Harvard Course, 471 ; on hereditary blindness, 455 ; on Irwin, 41 ; retirement of, 479–80
  • Allen, Murray B., 18, 322, 324
  • Allen, William E., 487–88
  • Altmeyer, Commissioner Arthur J., 207
  • American Academy of Pediatrics, 462
  • American Association of Instructors of the Blind (AAIB), 15, 443, 450–51, 496–97 ; and AFB, 25, 497 ; on education of the deaf-blind, 509–10, 525 ; on support of Outlook, 538 ; teacher certification by, 376, 473 . See also Education; Teacher training
  • American Association of Instructors of the Deaf, 514
  • American Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf. See Volta Bureau
  • American Association of Workers for the Blind (AAWB), 14–18, 207, 236, 287, 480, 536, 537, 543 ; and AFB, 129–30, 361–62, 375–76 ; certifications by, 324–25, 353, 376–78, 562 ; positions on legislation, 215, 218, 223–24, 227, 256, 560
  • American Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb, 502
  • American Bible Society, 155, 320
  • American Blind People's Higher Education and General Improvement Association (later, AAWB), 16
  • American Braille Commission, 110
  • American Braille Press (earlier, American, British, French and Belgian Permanent Blind War Relief Fund; later, AFOB), 125, 420, 426–27
  • American, British, French and Belgian Permanent Blind War Relief Fund (later, American Braille Press), 9, 417–20
  • American Council of the Blind, 227, 256, 560, 563
  • American Federation of Labor, 236
  • American Federation of Organizations for the Hard of Hearing, 511
  • American Foundation for the Blind, 14–27, 28–41, 59–88, 89–101, 358–84 ; administration of, 361, 365–69 ; advisory committees, 187, 213–14, 382, 404, 410, 499, 516, 557 ; and AFOB, 428 ; archives of, 550–51 ; and Blinded Veterans Association, 312–13, 314–15 ; books published by, 38–39, 182–83, 315, 324, 328, 329, 330, 332, 333, 369–70, 423, 468, 478, 491, 517, 518, 520, 546–47, 549, 558 ; and Commission on Standards and Accreditation, 378–81 ; constitution and by-laws of, 22, 25–27, 361 ; direct services for blind persons of, 93–95, 96, 366–67, 383, 385–91, 402–15 ; and dog guide movement, 339–41, 342 ; educational services of, 455, 469, 472, 473, 478–79, 481–82, 487–88, 491–92, 494–95, 498, 499 ; executive directors of, 28–32, 100–101, 362–63 ; finances of, 28, 30, 98–99, 148, 361, 374, 375–76 ; fund-raising campaigns of, 35, 65–81, 92–93, 98–99 ; and Helen Keller, 35, 63–87, 372 ; legislative initiatives by, 95–96, 131–43, 150–52, 198–99, 208–09, 224, 238, 241–42, 255–56, 258–61, 265, 268 ; low-vision services of, 406–12 ; and Anne Sullivan Macy, 67–82, 83–84, 153 ; and National Accreditation Council, 380–81 ; national meetings convened by, 225–27, 329–31, 352, 469–70, 498 ; and National Federation of the Blind, 561–62 ; and National Industries for the Blind, 242–43, 248–49, 251 ; officers and trustees of, 25–27, 100, 116, 358–61, 374–75, 382–83 ; offices and buildings of, 30–31, 98, 367, 371–74 ; periodicals published by, 214, 517, 542–48 (see also Braille Book Review, Outlook, Talking Book Topics, Teachers Forum); policies adopted by, 354, 383, 404, 410, 487–88 ; professional training programs of, 98, 324, 325, 471–73 ; public education programs of, 32, 33–34, 366–67, 542–44, 548–49, 550, 551–54 ; and Recording for the Blind, 181 ; scholarship program of, 96–97, 324, 389 ; services to agencies of, 33–34, 53, 336, 378 ; services for the aging of, 557–58 ; services for deaf-blind persons of, 368, 510–12, 516–21, 525–28 ; services for preschool children of, 486–89 ; services for war-blinded of, 90–93, 301–06, 310–11 ; social research by, 53, 224, 315, 328–29, 332, 366, 378, 406–07, 456, 472, 495 ; and Talking Book, 144, 152–54, 155–56, 163–65, 166–69, 183–89, 193–94 ; technological research by, 117, 119–20, 187, 356, 365–66, 386–90, 398, 406–07, 409, 411, 412–13 ; and workshops for the blind, 236–38, 240–42, 254–56 ; and World Conference on Work for the Blind, 420–25
  • American Foundation for Overseas Blind (AFOB), 428–37
  • American Geriatrics Society, 558
  • American Library Association, 117, 123, 125, 130, 132–34
  • American Medical Association, 50, 407
  • American Notes, 106–07, 504
  • American Physical Therapy Association, 270
  • American Printing House for the Blind, 90–92, 112, 113, 114–15, 117–19, 120, 178, 397, 411, 454 ; and Pratt-Smoot Act, 132–43, 152 ; and Talking Book, 159–60, 166–68, 169
  • American Public Welfare Association, 205
  • American Radio Association, 93
  • American Red Cross, 9, 46, 123, 126, 278, 281, 286 . See also Red Cross Institute for the Blind
  • Anagnos, Michael, 66, 107, 321, 443–44, 453, 455, 507
  • Anderson, Reverend Harry O., 313 fn
  • Andrews, Francis M., 355, 451
  • Anne Sullivan Macy Service for Deaf-Blind Persons, 522
  • Anophthalmia, 489
  • Arkansas Enterprises for the Blind, 224, 266, 327, 331
  • Arkansas School for the Blind, 450, 493
  • Armitage, Dr. Thomas Rhodes, 446
  • Armour Research Foundation, 121
  • Arthur Sunshine Home and Kindergarten for Blind Babies, 482
  • Artificial vision, 403, 415
  • Asenjo, J. Albert, 368, 433
  • Ashcroft, Samuel C., 474
  • Ashley, Alexander M., 244
  • Ashley, William, 68, 69
  • Asia, 3, 423–25, 431–32
  • As I Saw It, 106, 129, 151, 234, 241, 341, 369, 549
  • Association for the Chinese Blind, 431, 434
  • Association for Computing Machinery, 271
  • Association for the Education of the Visually Handicapped (earlier, AAIB, which see ), 381, 477, 497, 560
  • Associations of blind persons, 207–08, 209, 225, 227, 253, 254, 256, 267, 381, 423, 425, 427, 429, 560, 561
  • Astor, Mrs. John, 417
  • Atkinson, J. Robert, 27, 115, 116, 118–19, 132, 137–38, 141–42, 156–57, 288
  • Atlanta Community Services for the Blind, 182–83
  • Author's League, 147
  • Aycock, Harmon Burton, 264
  • BVA. See Blinded Veterans Association
  • Babcock, Dr. Robert H., 6, 358
  • "Babies' sore eyes." See Ophthalmia neonatorum
  • Bach-y-Rita, Paul, 396
  • Baker, Captain Edwin A., 275, 288, 296, 426, 436 . See also Canadian National Institute for the Blind
  • Bancroft, Anne, 82
  • Bankhead, House Speaker William B., 241–42
  • Barbier, Charles, 102, 105
  • Barbour, William, 172
  • Barden-LaFollette Act (PL 78-113). See Vocational Rehabilitation Act amendments
  • Barden, Representative Graham A., 224, 259
  • Baring, Representative Walter S., 560
  • Barnett, M. Robert, 181, 191, 207, 232, 315, 428, 437, 543, 545 ; career of, 362–65 ; on fund-raising practices, 377 ; on ophthalmologists, 332 ; on personnel recruitment, 378 ; and Talking Book, 168–69 ; on vending stand legislation, 224–25
  • Barr, John W., 117, 135, 140
  • Batavia. See New York State School for the Blind
  • Battelle Memorial Institute, 394
  • Bauman, Mary K., 477, 497
  • Beddoes, Dr. Michael P., 394
  • Bell, Alexander Graham, 60, 107, 373, 512
  • Bell and Howell, 520
  • Bell Telephone Laboratories 149, 157, 190, 404
  • Belmont, August, 417
  • Bender, Dr. Lauretta, 486
  • Benham, Thomas A., 389, 400
  • Bennett, James V., 236–38
  • Berens, Dr. Conrad, 81
  • Berinstein, Benjamin, 218
  • Binet, Alfred, 38
  • Bionic Industries, 401
  • Birchard, Florence W., 19, 229
  • Black, Senator Hugo, 197
  • Blades, Dr. Jay, 52
  • Blaine, Mrs. Emmons, 27
  • Blanchard, Mary (Mrs. Robert B. Irwin), 40, 457
  • Bledsoe, C. Warren, 299, 307, 308, 309, 315, 451, 545
  • Bledsoe, John Francis, 17, 22, 299, 480
  • Blind Child and His Reading, The, 478, 547
  • Blinded Soldiers' and Sailors' Hospital. See St. Dunstan's
  • Blinded Veterans Association (BVA), 208, 227, 256, 311–314, 317
  • "Blindiana" library collections, 430, 444, 548
  • Blind in School and Society, The, 468, 549
  • Blindness: adjustment to, 326–34, 485 ; attitudes toward, 3–4, 11, 552–54, 555 ; causes of, 54–58, 455, 556 (see also Aging; Ophthalmia neonatorum; Retrolental fibroplasia; Rubella); definitions of, 50–52, 208, 555–56 ; expenditures on, 9, 58 ; fears of, 1–4, 455 ; misconceptions and myths about, 2–8, 553 ; parental attitudes toward blind children, 485 ; and personality development, 485 ; primitive practices associated with, 2–3 ; psychological effects of, 485 ; statistics of, 51, 52–55, 435, 555
  • Blindness: Modern Approaches to the Unseen Environment, 391
  • Blindness prevention programs, worldwide, 435
  • "Blindness system," 559
  • "Blind Relief Laws and Their Administration," 39–40
  • Blind Relief Laws—Their Theory and Practice, 547
  • "Blind trades." See Occupations
  • Bliss, Dr. James C., 395–96, 406
  • Bok, Edward, 56
  • Books About the Blind, 547
  • Boorman, James, 442
  • Bordley, Dr. (Major) James, Jr., 22, 26, 277, 278, 282, 283, 285
  • Boston Center for Blind Children, 485
  • Boston Committee for the Blind, 399
  • Boston Line Type, 106, 443, 451
  • Bostwick, Arthur E., 27
  • Boulter, Eric T., 429, 431, 432, 436
  • Bowlers Victory Legion, 315
  • Brace, Julia, 502
  • Braddy, Nella (later, Nella Braddy Henney), 63, 82, 85, 374, 444
  • Brademas, Representative John, 227, 269
  • Bradley, General Omar, 297, 298, 299, 300
  • Brady, Major John F., 298, 313
  • Braille Authority, 110
  • Braille Book Review, 125–26, 545, 548
  • Braille code, 102–10 ; invention of, 103–06 ; in music notation, 107–08 ; Spanish, 432 ; standardization of, 10, 17, 39, 43–44, 107–10 ; and "war of the dots," 10, 42–44, 532, 537 (see also New York Point). See also Finger-reading systems
  • Brailled books, 125, 126, 128–43 ; for blinded veterans, 90–92 ; disadvantages of, 10, 90–91 ; hand-copied, 125, 126 ; lists of, 125–26 ; private underwriting of, 92–93 . See also AFB: technological research; American Printing House for the Blind; Braille Institute of America
  • Braille Institute of America, 131–43, 156–58, 327 . See also J. Robert Atkinson; Universal Braille Press
  • Braille, Louis, 102–05
  • Braillemboss, 398
  • Braille Mirror, 138
  • Braille Monitor, 381, 562
  • Braille printing and writing, 108–27 ; by means of braille slate, 105 ; braillewriting machines for, 105, 110–13, 119–22, 303 ; computer-set, 120, 397–98 ; in Europe, 113, 420 ; by Garin process, 122, 124 ; by hand transcription, 122 (see also Brailled books: hand-copied); interpointing in, 113–14, 116, 117–18 ; stereotypers for, 112–13, 116–17, 119–20 . See also AFB: technological research; American Printing House for the Blind; Braille Institute of America
  • Braille Trumpeter, 140–41
  • Braille watches, 96, 301–02, 534
  • Bramhall, Robert I., 340
  • Bramlette, E. E., 113, 117, 118, 159
  • Brandon, Arthur L., 380, 381, 382
  • Brandt, William Conrad. See William Ziegler, Jr.
  • Braun, Jakob, 445
  • Bray, Robert S., 176, 192–93, 412
  • Breckinridge, Aida da Costa, 371
  • Breuel, John W., 187, 365, 388
  • Bridgman, Laura, 107, 440, 444, 503, 504, 508–09
  • Brieux, Eugene, 418
  • British Blind Persons Act, 425
  • Brock, Mitchell, 382, 428
  • Brooklyn Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor, 32
  • Brooklyn Bureau of Charities, 98, 247, 551
  • Brooklyn Exchange and Training School for the Blind, 32
  • Broom manufacturing. See Occupations: "blind trades"
  • Brown, Captain Charles W., 97, 358
  • Brown, George W., 27
  • Brusca, Joseph, 116
  • Bryan, Dorothy D., 368, 516–17
  • Bryan, Frank C., 113, 116, 120, 423
  • Buchanan, Dr. Howard, 340 fn
  • Burbank, Luther, 373
  • Burger, John D., 95
  • Burritt, Olin H., 15, 22, 277, 322, 323, 475, 538 ; on E.E. Allen, 448 ; and AFB, 27, 28, 339, 359–60 ; on education of the partially sighted, 494 ; on employment of Irwin, 41 ; and Helen Keller, 81 ; on retardation, 489
  • Bush, Dr. Vannevar, 390
  • Butler, Dr. Nicholas Murray, 30, 417
  • Butow, Margaret, 394
  • BVA Bulletin, 313
  • Caesar, Doris, 437
  • Café des Aveugles (Café of the Blind), 440
  • California Council of the Blind, 561
  • California School for the Blind, 169, 463, 471, 524, 525, 561
  • Cambridge Research and Development Group, 190
  • Campbell, Charles F. F., 20, 22, 133, 229, 277, 535–42, 546, 549–50 ; and AFB, 64–67, 72 ; and Evergreen, 283, 285 ; and Helen Keller, 65–66, 80–81 ; marriages of, 535, 539, 540
  • Campbell, Francis (son of Charles), 542, 549
  • Campbell, Guy, 535, 541
  • Campbell, Louise Bealby (Mrs. Guy), 541
  • Campbell, Marion A., 408
  • Campbell, Mary Dranga, 344, 538, 541, 547, 550–51
  • Campbell, Sir Francis J., 446–49, 535, 541, 549–50
  • Campbell, Sophia Faulkner (Lady Francis J.), 22, 535, 549
  • Campbell, Wilhelmina Dranga, 536, 537, 539
  • Campbell, Zelma Leath, 540, 541
  • Canadian National Institute for the Blind, 18, 222, 230, 275
  • Cane travel. See Mobility: cane travel
  • Carnegie, Andrew, 61
  • Carnegie Corporation, 117, 119, 121–22, 147–50, 155, 167, 186, 547
  • Carnegie, Mrs. Andrew, 92–93, 472
  • Carris, Lewis H., 19, 23, 28, 197
  • Carroll Rehabilitation Center for the Visually Impaired, 298
  • Carroll, Reverend Thomas J., 296, 306, 311, 313, 332, 351–52
  • Catholic Guild for All the Blind, 298, 352
  • Catts, Robert M., 98
  • Cauffman, Joseph G., 296, 487, 497
  • Certification. See Standards and certification
  • Chadwick, C. D., 22, 199
  • Chapin, William, 443
  • Chapman, Tad, 524
  • Chappell, J. Hiram, 230
  • Cheek, Dr. Roma S., 296, 327
  • Chevigny, Hector, 337, 552
  • Chicago Board of Education, 456
  • Chicago Lighthouse, 19, 71
  • Chicago Medical Society, 5
  • China, 424, 432
  • Cholden, Louis, 332, 549
  • Christian Science, 7, 115–16
  • Churchman, William Henry, 450, 451, 453
  • Cincinnati Association for the Welfare of the Blind, 18
  • Cincinnati Library for the Blind, 134
  • Clarke School for the Deaf, 440, 524
  • Clark, Harold T., 125
  • Clark, Leslie L., 369, 415
  • Clark-Walsh Act (PL 78-16), 202
  • Claude, Abram, Jr., 251
  • Clear Type Publishing Company, 38
  • Cleaveland, Frank, 484
  • Cleveland Society for the Blind, 19, 125, 221, 251, 354
  • Clovernook Printing House for the Blind, 115
  • Clunk, Joseph F., 18, 220, 221–22, 229–32, 262, 264, 288, 365
  • Cochran, Representative John J., 241
  • Coker, Jackie, 529
  • Cole, Criss, 272
  • Colgate, Henry A., 342
  • Colleges and universities: Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 404 ; Boston College, 352, 526 ; Boston University, 472, 481, 526 ; California State College at Los Angeles, 353 ; Columbia University, 332, 345, 388, 471 ; Cornell University, 5 ; Eastern Michigan University, 516, 525 ; Florida State University, 353 ; George Peabody College for Teachers, 471, 473, 491, 527 ; Hampton Institute, 472 ; Harvard Graduate School of Education, 471 ; Haverford College, 400 ; Hunter College, 472 ; Michigan State Normal College, 472 ; Michigan State University, 528 ; Northwestern University, 6, 491 ; Pennsylvania School of Social Work and Health, 322 ; San Francisco State College, 353, 491, 528 ; Santiago College (Chile), 48 ; Stanford University, 395 ; Syracuse University, 526 ; University of California, 471 ; University of Canterbury (New Zealand), 402 ; University of Chicago, 398 ; University of Cincinnati, 271 ; University of Louisville, 189, 190, 333 ; University of Michigan at Ypsilanti, 325 ; University of Minnesota, 491 ; University of Northern Colorado, 353 ; University of the Pacific, 396 ; University of Pittsburgh, 353 ; University of Washington, 36, 472 ; University of Wisconsin, 472 ; West Virginia State College, 472 ; Wesleyan University, 404 ; Western Michigan University, 325, 352 ; Western Reserve University, 325 . See also Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Collins, Carter C., 396
  • Columbia Broadcasting System, 158, 186, 404
  • Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities, 381
  • Commission on Standards and Accreditation of Services for the Blind (COMSTAC), 265, 325, 330, 353, 379–81, 562
  • Committee for Men Blinded in Battle, 417–18, 434 . See also Winifred Holt
  • Committee on Purchases of Blind-Made Products, 238, 243–44
  • Committee for Purchase of Products and Services of the Blind and Other Severely Handicapped, 255
  • Committee on Sensory Devices (CSD), 184, 390–94, 398–400, 409
  • Community Service Society of New York, 558
  • Condon, Randall J., 27
  • Conference of Executives of American Schools for the Deaf, 526
  • Connecticut School for the Blind, 464
  • Conquest of Blindness, The, 547
  • Coolidge, Mrs. Calvin, 77
  • Cooper, Dr. Franklin S., 393
  • Cooper Engineering Company, 119
  • Cooper, Representative Jere, 208–09
  • Copyrights, 146–47
  • Cornell, Katharine, 371, 434
  • Corner, Dr. George W., 184, 391–92
  • Cosgrove, Elizabeth, 326
  • Council of National Defense Advisory Committee, 276–77
  • Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, 381
  • Crail, Representative Joe, 131–42
  • Criss Cole Rehabilitation Center, 331
  • Crocker, William H., 417
  • Cromwell, William Nelson, 359, 370, 419–20, 425–26, 427, 428
  • Crosley, Powel, Jr., 94
  • Crowley, John S., 382–83, 428
  • Crusades, 8
  • Cummings, Francis J., 362
  • Curtis, John B., 18, 456
  • Cutsforth, Thomas D., 467
  • Dallenbach, Karl M., 187
  • Dartmouth Eye Institute, 409
  • Darwin, Charles, 503
  • David, Dr. Edward E., Jr., 404
  • Davis, Edna Irwin, 550
  • Davis, Senator James J., 303
  • Dawes, Vice-President Charles G., 77
  • Day classes. See Education: public schools
  • Day, O.E. (Barney), 230
  • Deaf-blind persons, 107, 500–529 ; AFB services for, 368, 516–18 ; education of, 507, 509, 512–15, 523–28 ; Industrial Home for the Blind services for, 331, 515 ; methods of communication with, 413–14, 503–05, 508, 516–20 ; methods for teaching speech to, 506, 524–25 ; training of teachers for, 516, 526, 527 . See also Laura Bridgman; Helen Keller: education of
  • Dean, Arthur H., 419
  • Dear, Brigadier General W. R., 304
  • Debetaz, William, 342
  • Delfino, Liborio, 277, 499
  • Delta Gamma sorority, 485
  • Dennison Manufacturing Company, 229
  • Detroit Day School for the Deaf, 525
  • Detroit League for the Handicapped, 540–41
  • Diabetes, 57
  • Dickens, Charles, 106, 504
  • Dinsmore, Annette B., 368, 517, 528
  • Directory of Agencies Serving the Visually Handicapped in the United States, 546
  • Disability compensation, veterans', 279, 305–06
  • Disability insurance. See Social Security Act
  • District of Columbia General Hospital, 461
  • District Enterprises for the Blind, 223
  • Dix, Dorothea, 439
  • Dog guide schools, 345–49 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Dot-writing. See Braille code; New York Point
  • Dual schools. See Education: dual schools
  • Duke, Patty, 82
  • Dulles, John Foster, 419, 427, 428
  • Duluth Lighthouse, 19
  • Dunn bill, 217–18
  • Dunn, Representative Matthew A., 217–18, 242, 272
  • DuPont, Mrs. Alfred I., 364
  • Dupress, John Kenneth, 404–06
  • Dyer, Frank L., 145–46
  • Eastern Blind Rehabilitation Center (VA), 316
  • Eastern Conference of Home Teachers, 323
  • Eastern Trunk Line Association, 95
  • Ebeling, Willi H., 341–42
  • Echolocation, 5, 294
  • Écriture nocturne, 102
  • Edison, Charles, 147
  • Edison Laboratories, 147
  • Edison, Thomas A., 144
  • Education, 438–58, 462–99 ; in college, 37–38, 96–97, 179–82 (see also AFB: scholarship program); Dramatic Arts Project, 481–82 ; in dual schools, 454 ; in industrial arts, 498 ; methods used in, 466, 469–70, 474 ; of multihandicapped children, 485, 488–89, 491–93 ; of partially sighted children, 38, 425, 448, 469–70, 494–96 ; psychological testing in, 474–77 ; in public schools, 38, 456–58, 464–70, 540–41 ; racial segregation in, 456, 472 ; in residential schools, 438, 451–54, 455, 458, 463, 464–67, 473, 486, 493–96, 540–41, 556 ; of retarded children, 488–94 ; segregation of sexes in, 455 ; in sports, 447, 498 ; statistics of, 454, 458, 464, 491, 496 ; textbooks used in, 451, 453, 496 (see also American Printing House for the Blind); and vocational preparation and placement, 448–49, 473, 498–99, 538, 540–41, 556–57 . See also Deaf-blind persons; Preschool services; Talking Book Education Project; Teacher training
  • 851 Blinded Veterans: A Success Story, 315
  • Eisenhower, President Dwight D., 194
  • Ekstrom, Parmenia Migel, 47, 370
  • Electrical Research Products, 149, 157
  • Electro-braille Communicator. See Tellatouch
  • Ellis, A. C., 159
  • Employment Security Act, 254
  • Envin, Guy, 67
  • Eustis, Dorothy Harrison, 338–44
  • Eustis, George, 338, 341
  • Evans, Luther H., 176, 185
  • Everett, Ethel, 170–71, 173
  • Evergreen, 20, 46, 278–86 . See also Red Cross Institute for the Blind; War-blinded, World War I
  • Evergreen Review, 540, 542
  • Experimental Station for the Trade Training of the Blind. See Massachusetts Association for [Promoting the Interests of] the Blind
  • Eye Bank for Sight Restoration, 371
  • Eye Dog Foundation for the Blind, 346 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Eye of the Pacific Guide Dogs, 346 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Facial vision, 5, 8, 294
  • Fairchild, Sherman M., 188, 404
  • Fair Labor Standards Act, 237, 253–54
  • Fairmount Institute, 493
  • Farley, Postmaster General James A., 218
  • Faro d'Italia, Il, 434
  • Farrell, Dr. Gabriel, 54, 296, 444, 479–81, 508
  • Faximile Visagraph, 399 . See also Visagraph
  • Federal agencies: Agriculture Department, 225 ; Air Force, 396 ; Argonne National Laboratory, 398 ; Army Signal Corps, 400–401 ; Atomic Energy Commission, 398 ; Budget Bureau, 307 ; Bureau of Labor Statistics, 378 ; Bureau of Prisons, 236–37, 239 ; Census Bureau, 54 ; Civil Service Commission, 272 ; Comptroller General, 226, 248 ; Defense Department, 392 ; General Services Administration, 228 ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 396 ; National Bureau of Standards, 185 ; National Emergency Council, 160 ; National Labor Relations Board, 254 ; National Research Council, 391 ; Office of Scientific Research and Development, 184, 390 ; Post Office Department, 217, 218 ; Public Buildings Administration, 222 ; Surgeon General, 277, 278, 290–97, 391 ; President's Committee on Employment of the Physically Handicapped, 371 ; Treasury Department, 215–19, 280 ; War Department, 290–91 ; War Production Board, 303 ; Works Progress Administration, 162–65, 183 . See also Committee on Sensory Devices; Health, Education, and Welfare, Department of; Military hospitals; Veterans Administration; Veterans Bureau
  • Federation of the Handicapped, 256
  • Feeble minded. See Education: retarded children; Psychological testing
  • Fieser, James L., 286
  • Finestone, Professor Samuel, 332
  • Finger-reading systems, 42–44, 102–12, 321, 395–96, 398–99, 442, 451, 532 . See also Boston Line Type; Braille code; Moon Type; New York Point; "War of the dots"
  • Fingertip vision, 5–8
  • Finley, Dr. John H., 372
  • Fish, Representative Hamilton, 241, 303
  • Fisher, Dr. John D., 439, 440, 441
  • Fisher, Joshua Francis, 443
  • Florida School for the Deaf and Blind, 363–64, 495
  • Foley, Kate M., 15, 18, 321
  • Foos, Margaret, 7
  • Forand, Representative Aime J., 204–05
  • Forbes, Charles B., 286
  • Ford, Henry, II, 229, 371
  • Ford Motor Company, 229, 371
  • Forward, Sophy L., 326
  • Foster, Emily Welles, 483–84
  • Foulke, Dr. Emerson, 189, 333
  • Foundation for Vision, 460
  • 4-H Clubs of America, 348
  • Fowler, E. H., 22
  • Fragrance gardens, 382
  • Frampton, Dr. Merle E., 239–40, 296, 467, 471, 497, 561
  • France, 102–05, 338, 418, 419, 425, 426–27, 429–30
  • Frank, Morris, 339, 342–43
  • Fraser, Ian (later, Lord Fraser of Lonsdale), 109, 275, 425, 437
  • Freiberger, Howard, 394, 395
  • French, Dr. Richard S., 297, 471, 537, 547
  • French Union of the War Blind, 427
  • Frey, Raymond T., 297, 308, 313
  • Frick, Kathryne Mary, 507
  • Friedlander, Julius, 443
  • From Homer to Helen Keller, 547
  • Fry, Dr. Thornton C., 188, 404
  • Fryer, George B., 424
  • Fuhrmeister, William, 67
  • Fund for Adult Education, Ford Foundation, 181
  • Fund-raising practices, 376–77, 562
  • Gage, Mabel Knowles (Mrs. Homer), 27, 28, 78, 359
  • Gallagher, William F., 366
  • Gallaudet, Thomas Hopkins, 502
  • Gamble, Charles, 360
  • Garin, Maurice, 122
  • Garin process, 122, 124
  • Garrett, Mrs. T. Harrison, 278
  • Gattis, Carlos, 230
  • Gault, Dr. Robert H., 6–7
  • Geer, Dr. William C., 188, 404
  • General Committee on Sheltered Workshops for the Blind, 245–46
  • General Council of Workshops, 252
  • General Education Board, 149
  • General Federation of Women's Clubs, 236
  • Georgia Academy for the Blind, 458
  • German measles. See Rubella
  • Germany, 9, 338–39, 341, 342
  • Gesell, Dr. Arnold, 486
  • Gibbs, Katherine (Mrs. Edward E. Allen), 479, 481
  • Gibson, Harvey D., 86, 359, 372
  • Gibson, William, 82, 371, 374
  • Gifford, Ida Hirst-, 67–68, 77–78, 92
  • Gilman, Arthur, 513
  • Glaucoma, 57
  • Glover, Calvin S., 18, 151
  • Goddard, Dr. Henry H., 39, 475, 489
  • Gold, Dr. Sonia, 332
  • Goldmark, Dr. Peter C., 186, 188, 404
  • Goldthwaite, Lucille (Lucy) A., 19, 23, 129, 423, 545
  • Goodpasture, Robert C., 250, 251
  • Goodwill Industries of America, 256
  • Gore, Senator Thomas P., 134, 137, 175, 272
  • Government employee welfare associations, 223–28
  • Graham, Dr. Milton D., 369, 415, 492
  • Grasse, Edwin, 67, 78
  • Gray, Major General Carl R., 300, 307
  • Greater New York Council of Agencies for the Blind, 199
  • Greater Pittsburgh Guild for the Blind, 354
  • Greaves, Jessie Royer, 490–91
  • Greece, 429, 430
  • Greeley, Isabel, 485
  • Greenwood, Lloyd, 312, 313, 314, 350–51
  • Gregory, Michael, 388
  • Griffin, Donald R., 5
  • Griffis, Enid, 545
  • Grosvenor, Dr. Gilbert, 78
  • Grove Park Report, 330
  • Gruber, Kathern F. (Kay), 301–02, 305, 309–12, 315, 351, 365, 491
  • Grunwald, Dr. Arnold P., 398
  • Guidance devices. See Mobility: guidance devices
  • Guide Dog Foundation for the Blind (Second Sight), 347 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Guide Dogs for the Blind, 346 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Guide Dog Training for Blind Persons, 345
  • Guiding Eyes for the Blind, 347 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Guinot, Paul, 425, 426, 430
  • "Gunbarrel vision," 51
  • Gustavus and Louise Pfeiffer Research Foundation, 379
  • Hadley, Dr. William A., 325
  • Hadley School for the Blind, 325, 394, 520, 529
  • Haitowitsch, Abram, 67
  • Hall, Frank H., 111–13, 450, 456, 458
  • Hall, Inis B., 525
  • Hamilton, W. Howard, 22–23, 27, 358
  • Hamlin, Robert H., 379
  • Handel, Alexander F., 367, 380, 381
  • "Handicap allowance." See Pensions for the blind
  • Hanks, Nymphus Corridon, 174
  • Harding, President Warren G., 11, 90–91
  • Harper, Grace S., 23, 49, 288
  • Harrison, Charles Custis, 338
  • Harrison, Philip N., 286, 296
  • Harrison, Senator Pat, 197
  • Hartford Foundation, 398
  • Harvard Course on Education of the Blind, 471 . See also Teacher training
  • Haskins Laboratories, 391, 393, 397
  • Hathaway, Winifred, 425
  • Haüy, Valentin, 440–41
  • Hawes-Cooper Act, 235–36
  • Hawley, General Paul R., 299, 300
  • Hayes, Charles B., 15, 29–30, 32–33, 34, 67, 71, 77, 236, 542, 544
  • Hayes, Dr. Samuel P., 468, 475–77, 490
  • Hayes, Lydia Y., 467, 507
  • Health, Education, and Welfare, Department of, 263, 382, 433 : Division of Services for the Blind, 263 ; Federal Board for Vocational Education, 19, 220, 222, 262, 280–84 ; Federal Security Agency, 207, 259, 262, 263 ; National Eye Institute, 55 ; National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness, 55, 461 ; National Institutes of Health, 392 ; Office of the Blind and Visually Handicapped, 263 ; Office of Education, 219, 223, 262, 356, 381, 392, 396, 398, 412, 528 ; Office of Vocational Rehabilitation (OVR), 223, 247, 262, 263, 265, 352–53, 406, 498, 522 ; Public Health Service, 55, 280 ; Social and Rehabilitation Service (SRS), 250–51, 263, 381, 392, 528 ; Social Security Board, 199, 201 ; Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (VRA), 263, 379, 381, 406
  • Hedkvist, Charles, 436
  • Helena Rubinstein Foundation, 334
  • "Helen Keller Doll," 552
  • Helen Keller International Award, 437
  • Helms, Arthur, 163, 183
  • Henney, Nella Braddy. See Nella Braddy
  • Hereditary blindness, 57, 455
  • Herrick, Myron T., 417
  • Hewitt, Alan, 173
  • Hewitt, Mrs. Cooper, 417
  • Hill, Edwin C., 158
  • Hill, Representative Lister, 132
  • Hines, General Frank T., 92, 286, 289, 292, 297, 298
  • Hines VA Hospital, 307–11, 316, 350–51, 394 . See also Veterans Administration
  • Hirst-Gifford, Ida. See under Gifford
  • His Master's Eye Institute, 347 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Hitz, John, 512
  • Hoehne, Charles W., 261
  • Hoey, Jane M., 206
  • Hollins, Alfred, 449
  • Holly Hill Diagnostic and Pre-Vocational Training Center, 327, 365
  • Holmes, Arthur E., 19
  • Holmes, Charles W., 18, 22, 42, 234
  • Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 60, 373
  • Holmes, Walter G., 22, 43, 277, 508, 530–533, 534, 552
  • Holt, Edith, 418
  • Holt, Winifred (Mrs. Rufus Graves Mather), 418, 434–35, 457
  • Home teaching, 98, 320–21
  • Honorary Civilian Advisory Committee, Program for the War Blinded of the United States, 296–97
  • Hooper, J.T., 152
  • Hooper, Marjorie, 152
  • Hoover, cane. See Mobility: cane travel
  • Hoover, Dr. Richard E., 51, 293–94, 309, 331, 350, 355, 371, 409
  • Hoover, Mrs. Herbert, 422
  • Hoover, President Herbert, 171, 421
  • Hope School, 491
  • Hopkins, Harry L., 160
  • Hosmer, Representative Craig, 256
  • Howe, Dr. Samuel Gridley, 233, 439–43, 446 ; and AAIB, 451, 454 ; on blindness, 4 ; and Boston Line Type, 106 ; and Laura Bridgman, 502–03 ; on education (Batavia address), 451–52, 470, 504 ; and Royal Normal College, 446, 535
  • Howe, Julia Ward, 439, 504
  • Howe Memorial Press, 112, 115, 120, 121
  • Howe Publishing Society, 38
  • Howe, Winthrop K., Jr., 553
  • Hoyt, Adelia M., 124–25, 133
  • Huber, J. Y., 230
  • Huggins, Willetta, 5–7
  • Humphrey, Elliott S. (Jack), 341–42
  • Hun, Mary V., 162, 216, 359
  • Huntoon, Benjamin B., 449, 453
  • Hurliman, Julius, 117
  • Hurlin, Dr. Ralph G., 52–53 . See also Blindness: statistics of
  • Hutton, Laurence, 62
  • Hvarre, Carl, 230
  • Hyka, James, 230
  • Hyman, Professor Herbert, 404
  • Idaho State School for the Blind and Deaf, 369
  • Ierardi, Francis B., 229, 288
  • Illinois Bell Telephone Company, 520
  • Illinois School for the Blind, 31, 108, 111, 450
  • Illinois Society for the Prevention of Blindness, 19, 408
  • Immeln, Herman M., 218
  • Imperial Royal Institute for the Education of the Blind, 445
  • Income tax exemption, 203
  • Indiana School for the Blind, 139
  • Industrial Home for the Blind, 18, 234, 408, 534 ; services for the deaf-blind, 331, 514–15, 516, 520, 521–23 . See also Eben Morford; National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths and Adults; Peter J. Salmon; Harry Spar
  • Industries for the Blind of New York State, 248
  • Information media in work for the blind, 530–54
  • Institution for the Chinese Blind, 424
  • Institution Nationale des Jeunes Aveugles, 440
  • Institutions for the Blind in America, 547
  • Insurance against blindness proposal, 204–05
  • Intermarriage of blind persons, 455
  • International Association of Machinists, 346
  • International Association of Rehabilitation Facilities, 256
  • International Business Machines, 371, 395, 397
  • International Congress on Technology and Blindness, 406–07
  • International Guiding Eyes, 346 . See also Mobility: dog guides.
  • International Journal for the Education of the Blind, 497
  • International Research Information Service (IRIS), 407
  • International work for the blind, 416–37
  • Interstate Commerce Act, 95–96
  • Introduction to Working with the Aging Person Who Is Visually Handicapped, An, 558
  • Iowa College for the Blind (later, Iowa Braille and Sight Saving School), 14–15
  • Iowa School for the Deaf, 526
  • IQ. See Education; Psychological testing
  • Irene Heinz Given and John LaPorte Given Foundation, 379
  • Irwin, Robert B., 18, 22, 29–30, 35–37, 38, 39–41, 71, 101, 108–09, 361, 369–70, 390–91, 471, 548–49 ; and AAWB, 27, 421, 531 ; and AFOB, 428–31 ; and C. F. F. Campbell, 66, 541–42 ; on colleges for the blind, 37–38 ; and dog guides, 337–41, 342–43 ; and Walter G. Holmes, 531 ; and large-type books, 38, 411–12 ; memoirs of, 108–09, 129, 151, 234, 241, 340, 369, 549 ; and Pratt-Smoot Act, 131, 132–41, 151 ; and psychological testing, 39, 475 ; and public school education, 38–39, 489, 495 ; and Social Security Act, 196–98, 204–05 ; and Talking Book, 145–49, 151–54, 163 ; and Wagner-O'Day Act, 240–42, 247 ; and war-blinded, 276, 286, 287–90, 300 ; on workshop origins, 234 ; and World Conference on Work for the Blind, 421–22
  • Israelitisches Blindeninstitut, 423
  • Italian Association of the Blind, 423
  • Italy, 423, 430, 434
  • Itinerant teaching. See Education: methods used in
  • Ives, Senator Irving M., 206
  • Ivory, Percy Van Eman, 545
  • Jacobs, H. B., 455
  • Jameson Loan Fund, 94
  • Jameson, Mary, 392–94
  • Jameson, Robert W., 94
  • Japan, 423
  • Jastrow, Dr. Joseph, 6
  • Javits, Senator Jacob K., 255
  • Jernigan, Kenneth, 87, 381, 562
  • Jewish Braille Institute, 126
  • Jewish Guild for the Blind, 126–27
  • Johns, William F., 346
  • Johnson, General Hugh S., 237
  • Johnson, R. Henry P., 297, 327, 364–65
  • Johnston, Mrs. Lee, 297
  • Johnstone, Dr. E. R., 490
  • Joint Committee on the Deaf-Blind, 511, 512
  • Joint Uniform Braille Committee, 110
  • Jones, James C., 27
  • Kaata, Ragnhild, 505
  • Kahn, Otto H., 274, 417
  • Kallman, Dr. Heinz E., 404
  • Kansas Rehabilitation Center for the Blind, 332
  • Kansas School for the Deaf, 507
  • Kaplan, Ira, 414
  • Kay Binaural Sensor, 400, 402–03 . See also Mobility: guidance devices
  • Kay, Dr. Leslie, 402
  • Keebler-Weyl Baking Company, 230
  • Keith Jennison Books, 412
  • Keller, Arthur S., 414, 533
  • Keller, Helen, 59–88 ; and AFB, 35, 63–87, 371–72 ; on AFB publicity methods, 552 ; and AFOB, 429–30, 433–34 ; and Michael Anagnos, 444 ; on blindness, 4, 72–74 ; on C. F. F. Campbell, 540 ; and cause of the deaf-blind, 500, 505, 512–15 ; Cutsforth on, 468 ; education of, 59–60, 504–05 ; financial problems of, 61–63, 86–87 ; friends and patrons of, 60–63, 372, 455 ; and Arthur Gilman, 513 ; on Walter G. Holmes, 532 ; legislative appearances of, 133, 197, 204, 364 ; mementos and papers of, 373, 551 ; and M. C. Migel, 68–69, 74–78, 82–87 ; on M. C. Migel, 372 ; in motion picture, 64 ; and Pfeiffer family, 87–88 ; public appearances of, 63–64, 72–73 ; on Purple Heart circuit, 304 ; and Will Rogers, 158 ; and Franklin D. Roosevelt, 160–62 ; on Peter J. Salmon, 523 ; speech difficulties of, 63, 505 ; and Talking Book, 86, 153–54, 158 ; and Mark Twain, 61–62 ; in vaudeville, 64 ; and William Wade, 505–06, 512–14 ; work habits of, 83–84 ; writings of, 60, 63, 81 . See also Anne Sullivan Macy; Polly Thomson
  • Keller, Representative Kent, 159–60
  • Kelley Committee hearings, 203–04
  • Kelley, Representative Augustine B., 203
  • Kellogg Foundation, 169, 432, 512
  • Kendrick, Baynard, 311–12
  • Kennedy-Baring bill, 560
  • Kennedy, Senator John F., 560
  • Kent, A. Atwater, 94
  • Kentucky School for the Blind, 114, 449, 497
  • Keppel, Dr. Frederick B. 117, 147
  • Kessler, George Alexander, 416–20, 422, 437
  • Kiefer, Dr. Frieda (Mrs. Ralph Merry), 478
  • Kindergarten for Little Blind Children, 444
  • Kinney, Richard, 529
  • Kinsey, Dr. V. Everett, 460
  • Kleber, Chester C., 163, 243, 249, 250
  • Kleber, Jackson Oscar, 148–49, 159, 163, 172, 187, 388, 413
  • Kleidograph, 112
  • Klein, Johann Wilhelm, 336, 445
  • Knight, John, 173
  • Knox, Navy Secretary Frank, 292
  • Knudson, Dr. A. B. C., 351
  • Kolle, Thor W., Jr., 251
  • Korbel, Mario, 371
  • Kozlow, Buckley, 173
  • Kratz, John A., 222, 262
  • Kuleshova, Rosa, 7
  • Kumpe, Roy, 224, 327
  • Kvale, Representative Paul J., 139, 141–42
  • Lachance, Ludivine, 508
  • Lacy, Floyd, 230
  • LaFollette, Senator Robert M., Jr., 151–52, 259 . See also Vocational Rehabilitation Act amendments
  • Land, Edwin H., 188, 404
  • Landor, Amelia, 49
  • Langan, Paul J., 497
  • Langworth, Jessica, 471
  • Lanzetta, Representative James J., 242
  • Large-type books, 38, 411–12, 496
  • Laser cane, 401 . See also Mobility: guidance devices
  • Latimer, Henry Randolph, 20–21, 133, 358 ; and AAWB, 15, 17, 21–23, 25–27 ; and AFB, 28–29, 372, 549 ; and C. F. F. Campbell, 540–42 ; on Irwin, 100–101 ; on local agency independence, 33 ; memoirs of, 547 ; on need for national organization, 21–24
  • Latimer, Lillian Emmeline, 20
  • Latin America, 423, 431–32
  • Lauer, Harvey L., 394
  • Laughlin, Alexander M., 428
  • Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial, 99
  • Lavelle School for the Blind, 534
  • Lavender, Raymond, 121, 122
  • Leader Dogs for the Blind, 346 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • LeFevre, Robert, 244, 248–49
  • Lehlbach, Representative Frederick, 142
  • Lende, Helga, 547, 549, 550
  • Lesueur, François, 441
  • Levine, Marguerite, 551
  • Levy, William Hanks, 335–36
  • Lexiphone, 394
  • Library Services and Construction Act, 191
  • Library services for the blind, 128–43, 144–94
  • Library of Congress, 122, 130, 133–43, 175–79, 192 ; and brailled books, 125, 126 ; certification of volunteers by, 123, 126, 181–82 ; and recorded books, 150–52, 154–55, 157, 184–88
  • Liechty, Howard M., 369, 533, 545
  • Lighthouse (New York). See New York Association for the Blind
  • Lighthouses (overseas), 418, 434, 435
  • Lindsay, Sir Charles W., 27, 28, 358
  • Lineberry, George E., 53
  • Linvill, Candace, 395, 396
  • Linvill, Professor John, 395–96, 398
  • Lions Clubs, 52, 73–74, 93, 214, 327, 346, 349, 364
  • Lipton, Thomas J., Inc., 334
  • Little Rock (Ark.) Adjustment Center for the Blind, 327
  • Liverpool School for the Blind, 445
  • Lombroso, Cesare, 7
  • "Long cane." See Mobility: cane travel
  • Long Cane, The (film), 350
  • Lorm, Hieronymus, 518
  • Los Angeles Nursery School for Visually Handicapped Children, 485
  • Louis IX, King of France, 8
  • Lowenfeld, Berthold, 168, 446, 471, 472
  • Low-vision services, 408–12, 556 . See also Optical aids
  • Luce, Representative Robert, 133
  • Lynd, Robert and Helen, 13
  • Lyon, Mrs. Edmund B., 78
  • Maas, General Melvin J., 371
  • MacDonald, Mrs. Ranald H., Jr., 181
  • Mace, Irene (Mrs. Ian Fraser), 275
  • MacFarland, Douglas C., 232, 265
  • MacKenzie, Sir Clutha, 275
  • Mack, Rebecca, 509–11, 514–15
  • MacLeish, Archibald, 171, 176, 178
  • Macy, Anne Sullivan, 60, 69–70, 81–84, 85–86, 373, 504–06, 511, 514, 515 ; and AFB, 68–82, 83–84, 153 ; and Michael Anagnos, 444 ; Braddy biography of, 62–63, 82 ; and Laura Bridgman, 504–06 ; on Charles B. Hayes, 35 ; and M. C. Migel, 68–70, 74–78, 82–86 ; on optical aid, 408 ; and teachers of the deaf, 512–15 ; teaching methods of, 504–06, 512–15 ; and Alexander Woollcott, 158 . See also Helen Keller
  • Macy, John Albert, 60
  • Magill, A. N., 325
  • Magnuson, Dr. Paul A., 300, 307
  • Magnuson, Senator Warren, 255
  • Malmazian, John D., 308, 316
  • Mann, Horace, 439–440
  • Mann, Professor Robert W., 391, 398
  • Manual alphabet, 503, 517–19 . See also Deaf-blind persons, methods of communication with
  • Map-making, 399
  • Martello, Antonio ("blind Tony"), 483–85
  • Martin, Helen May, 507
  • Martin, Representative Joseph W., 216
  • Maryland Association of Workers for the Blind, 21
  • Maryland School for the Blind, 17, 20, 26–27, 293, 299, 350, 355, 369, 464, 480, 481, 495
  • Mason, Professor Samuel J., 395
  • Massachusetts Association for [Promoting the Interests of] the Blind, 229, 536, 537, 538
  • Massachusetts [Charitable] Eye and Ear Infirmary, 56, 460
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 357, 390, 391, 395, 397, 403, 404, 406, 520
  • Master Eye Foundation, 347 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Mather, Dr. Rufus Graves, 434, 435
  • Matilda Ziegler Magazine for the Blind. See Ziegler Magazine for the Blind
  • Mauch Laboratories, 394
  • Maxfield, Kathryn, 476, 478, 482–83
  • Mayo, Rear Admiral Arthur H., 244
  • McAloney, Thomas S., 22
  • McAulay, John, 230–31
  • McCormack, John, 158
  • McCullom, August, 230
  • McCullom, Kenneth, 230
  • McDaniel, Durward K., 563
  • McDaniel, W. L., 297
  • McGettigan, John, 230
  • McKay, Evelyn C., 213, 368, 542, 545
  • McManaway, H. M., 511
  • McNutt, Paul V., 259, 288, 292
  • Medical Facilities Survey and Construction Act, 330
  • Megascope, 409, 411
  • Mellon, Treasury Secretary Andrew W., 216
  • Mentor, The, 449
  • Merritt, Representative Matthew J., 164
  • Merwin, Susan B., 22
  • Metcalf, Senator Jesse H., 150, 151
  • Methods of Communication with Deaf-Blind People, 518
  • Meyer, Dr. Herman H. B., 154, 155, 176
  • Meyer, George F., 375, 466–67
  • Michigan School for the Blind, 17–18, 450, 463, 492
  • Middlemiss, Sergeant-Major Robert, 417
  • Migel, Elisa Parada (Mrs. M. C.), 46–48
  • Migel, Hannah, 44–45
  • Migel, M. C. ("Major"), 42–49, 71, 370, 371 ; as AFB president, 22, 27–32, 359, 549 ; and Dramatic Arts Project, 481–82 ; and Helen Keller and Anne Sullivan Macy, 68–70, 74–78, 82–86 ; Helen Keller on, 372 ; legislative influence exerted by, 90–91, 132, 141–42, 197, 206, 215–16, 259 ; philanthropies of, 28, 30, 69, 94, 99, 312, 370 ; and Rest Haven, 47–48 ; and Talking Book, 150, 153, 156, 160, 162 ; and Uniform Type Commission, 43 ; war services of, 45–46, 277 ; and workshops for the blind, 243, 244, 259 ; and World Conference on Work for the Blind, 421, 425, 426, 480
  • Migel Medal, 108, 125, 169, 229, 243, 249, 252, 264, 370–71, 382, 457, 551
  • Migel Memorial Library, 371, 548–49
  • Migel, Parmenia. See Parmenia Migel Ekstrom
  • Migel, Richard H., 47, 361, 375, 382, 414, 428
  • Migel, Saul H., 45
  • Milam, Carl H., 133
  • Military hospitals: Dibble, 290 ; Letterman, 290 ; Northington, 304 ; Old Farms (Avon), 293–97, 307, 311 ; Philadelphia Naval, 296 ; Valley Forge, 290, 293, 299, 307–08 . See also Evergreen; War-blinded
  • Military Order of the Purple Heart, 317
  • Mills, Frederick H., 277
  • Mills, Treasury Secretary Ogden L., 216
  • Minneapolis Society for the Blind, 19
  • Minnesota School for the Blind, 481
  • Miracle Worker, The (play), 73, 82, 371, 374
  • Missouri School for the Blind, 107, 464
  • Mobility, 335–57, 390, 391, 399–402, 498 ; and cane travel, 293–94, 328–29, 335–36, 349–50 ; and dog guides, 303, 337–49, 355–56 ; and guidance devices, 356, 390, 391, 399–403 ; teaching of, 349–56, 498 . See also under names of individual dog guide schools
  • Model Reporting Area for Blindness Statistics, 55
  • Mogdlin Company (Mogdlin Maid, later Royal Maid), 250
  • Montgomery, Captain Howard H., 297
  • Moon, Dr. William, 106, 320
  • Moon, Robert C., 320, 537
  • Moon Society, 320
  • Moon Type, 106, 321, 532
  • Moore, Mrs. William H., 149, 372
  • Moor, Pauline M., 368, 488, 491
  • Moran, Walter, 230
  • More of the Blind, 324
  • Morford, Eben P., 18, 22, 234, 538
  • Morgan, John P., II, 375, 383
  • Morgan, William Fellowes, 27, 358
  • Morgenthau, Treasury Secretary Henry, Jr., 217, 219
  • Morgret, Eugene D., 246
  • Morris, Richard L., 360, 428
  • Morse Code, 518, 520
  • Moses, Robert, 85
  • Moses, Senator George H., 421
  • Mudge, C. Bradford, 546
  • Muhlfeld, Jane, 172, 194
  • Multihandicapped blind persons, 251–52, 302, 310, 331 . See also Deaf-blind persons; Education: multihandicapped
  • Mumford, L. Quincy, 176
  • Munroe, James P., 19
  • Munsey, Frank A., 417
  • Murphy, Dr. Eugene F., 400, 401
  • Murphy, Joseph J., 27
  • Music, 108, 213
  • Musical Review for the Blind, 108
  • Nagle, J. Stewart, 153
  • Nagle, John F., 267, 382, 563
  • Nate, Dr. Joseph C., 30–31, 64
  • National Accreditation Council for Agencies Serving the Blind and Visually Handicapped (NAC), 252, 380–82, 411, 562
  • National Association for Retarded Children, 256
  • National Association of Book Publishers, 147
  • National Association of Instructors of the Deaf, 509
  • National Association of Sheltered Workshops, 256
  • National Bowling Council, 315
  • National Braille Association, 126
  • National Braille Press, 182
  • National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths and Adults, 266, 523, 528
  • National Committee on Special Recording. See Recording for the Blind
  • National Conference on the Blind Preschool Child, 486
  • National Council of Executives of State Agencies, 363
  • National Council of State Agencies for the Blind, 227
  • National Federation of the Blind, 207, 209, 225, 227, 253, 256, 267, 381, 559–63
  • National Federation of the Blind (France), 429
  • National Industries for the Blind (NIB), 242–56, 370, 373 . See also Workshops for the blind
  • National Institute for the Blind. See Royal National Institute for the Blind
  • National Institution for the Blind, 102, 105
  • National Library for the Blind, 134–35, 175
  • National Recovery Act (NRA), 237
  • National Rehabilitation Association, 256, 268
  • National Research Council of Canada, 414
  • National Research Development Corporation, 402
  • National Society for the Prevention of Blindness (NSPB), 52, 56, 410, 425, 462, 495
  • National Study Committee on Education of Deaf-Blind Children, 526
  • National Task Force on Career Education, 499
  • National Task Force on Early Child Development, 488
  • Nature trails, brailled, 382
  • Naumburg, Robert E., 399
  • Near East Foundation, 429, 431
  • Negro blind persons, 204 . See also Education: racial segregation
  • Newcomer, Waldo, 26
  • New England Asylum for the Blind. See Perkins School for the Blind
  • New Jersey Training School for the Feeble Minded, 39, 475, 489
  • New Mexico School for the Blind, 473
  • New Orleans Seminar, 330, 331
  • New Outlook for the Blind. See Outlook for the Blind
  • News and Views, 543
  • New York Association for the Blind (Lighthouse), 215, 251, 339, 537
  • New York Bible Society, 159
  • New York City Board of Education, 113, 537
  • New York Institute for the Education of the Blind (earlier, New-York Institution for the Blind), 98, 167, 240, 296, 438, 442, 465, 471, 497, 524, 533
  • New York Point, 43, 111–13, 443, 532 . See also "War of the dots"
  • New York (City) Public Library, 19, 98, 179–81, 412
  • New York State Federation of Workers for the Blind, 236
  • New York State School for the Blind (Batavia), 452, 466, 482
  • New York Telephone Company, 520
  • New York Times Large Type Weekly, 412
  • New Zealand National Institute for the Blind, 275
  • Nixon, President Richard M., 228, 269
  • Nolan, Edward J., 456
  • No Place to Go, 491
  • North Carolina Pre-Conditioning Center for the Blind, 327, 331
  • Norwegian Federation of the Blind, 423
  • No Time to Lose, 491
  • Noyes, Jansen, Jr., 187, 249, 251, 360, 362, 374–76, 378, 428
  • Nursery schools, 463, 483–85
  • Obstacle detectors. See Mobility: guidance devices
  • Occupations, 212–32, 233–56, 257–72 ; "blind trades," 10, 212, 234 ; civil service, 271 ; clerical, 213 ; computer programming, 270–71 ; industrial homework, 249 ; insurance underwriting, 213 ; osteopathy, 213, 270 ; physical therapy, 213, 270 ; taxpayer service representatives, 266 ; teaching, 270, 364, 473 (see also Home teaching; Teaching training); vending standkeeping, 214–28 . See also Education: vocational preparation and placement; Vocational placement; Vocational training and rehabilitation services; Workshops for the blind
  • O'Day, Representative Caroline, 238, 242
  • Ohio State School for the Blind, 481, 539, 550
  • Ohnstead, Carston, 230
  • Oliphant, George F., 458, 465
  • One-fare law, 95–96
  • Ophthalmia neonatorum, 55–56, 537
  • Ophthalmologists, 332, 407–10
  • Optacon, 395–98
  • Optical aids, 391, 407–11 . See also Low-vision services; Reading machines
  • Optiscope, 411
  • Optometrists, 408–10 . See also Low-vision services
  • Optophone, 393–95, 397
  • Oregon Plan. See Education: methods used in
  • Oregon School for the Blind, 454, 463, 468, 470, 492
  • Organization for Social and Technical Innovation (OSTI), 559
  • Orientation, 337 . See also Mobility
  • "Orientors." See Mobility: cane travel
  • Osteopathy. See Occupations
  • Outlook for the Blind, 24, 35, 387, 482, 536–40, 542, 544 ; under AFB, 542–46 ; under Campbell, 536–40, 542, 545 ; editorial policies of, 212, 542–44 ; editors of, 37, 299, 369, 536–40, 542, 545
  • Overbrook School for the Blind, 230, 322, 438, 443, 449, 463, 473, 474–75, 490 . See also Edward E. Allen; Olin H. Burritt
  • Oxford Conference, 369, 426, 431, 436
  • Palmer, Eber L., 297, 369, 482
  • Palmer, Francis E., 14–15, 17
  • Parent counseling. See Preschool services
  • Parsons, Cora (Mrs. George A. Kessler), 417
  • Partially sighted persons, 38, 51, 425, 448, 469, 494–95 . See also Education: partially sighted; Optical aids
  • Pathsounder, 400, 403
  • Patterson, Donald G., 176, 192–93
  • Patz, Dr. Arnall, 461, 462
  • Pearson, Arthur (later, Sir Arthur), 273–76, 416, 418
  • Peck, Gregory, 172
  • Penniman, A. W., 442
  • Pennsylvania Association for the Blind, 21, 183, 232, 286, 539
  • Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare, 326, 551
  • Pennsylvania Home Teaching Society, 320, 537
  • Pennsylvania Institution for the Deaf, 507
  • Pennsylvania Institution for the Instruction of the Blind (later, Pennsylvania School for the Blind). See Overbrook School for the Blind
  • Pennsylvania State Council for the Blind, 230
  • Pennsylvania Working Home for Blind Men, 277
  • Pensions for the blind, 39–40, 200, 203, 205, 209–10
  • Peoples, Rear Admiral Christian J., 244
  • Perceptual Alternatives Laboratory, 333
  • Peripatology. See Mobility
  • Perkins, Colonel Thomas H., 442
  • Perkins, Representative Carl, 268
  • Perkins School for the Blind (earlier, Perkins Institution and Massachusetts Asylum for the Blind), 106–07, 438, 439–42, 451, 455, 476, 478–81, 534 ; "blindiana" library of, 430, 444 ; deaf-blind children educated in, 503–04, 507, 508, 516, 524, 526 ; "experimental school" project in, 478–79 ; home teaching initiated by, 321 ; parent counseling program in, 463 ; teacher training by, 471 ; workshop associated with, 233 . See also Edward E. Allen; Michael Anagnos; Education; Samuel G. Howe; Teacher training
  • Perkins, Secretary of Labor Frances, 160
  • Perry, Newel, 96, 471
  • Personnel surveys, 265, 378
  • Pew, James Edgar, 460
  • Pfeffer, Colonel Charles A., 297
  • Pfeiffer, Gustavus A., 87–88, 359, 372
  • Pfeiffer, Robert, 87–88
  • Phare de France; 418, 434, 435
  • Phonograph records, 144–47, 149–50 . See also Talking Book
  • Pierce, Robinson, 269
  • Pilot Dogs, 347 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Pine Brook Conference, 469–70 . See also Education: methods used in
  • Piney Woods School for the Colored, 456
  • Pittsburgh Association for the Blind, 539
  • Plymouth State Home and Training School, 493
  • Poitras, Edward J., 188
  • Pollak, Dr. Simon, 107
  • Polyphonic devices. See Reading machines
  • Postal laws, 128, 155, 183, 414
  • Potts, Philip Clive, 369, 472, 482, 545
  • Powers, Manuel, 187, 388
  • Pratt, Representative Ruth Baker, 130–31, 150
  • Pratt-Smoot Act, 131–43, 150–52, 159, 165–66
  • Preschool services, 444, 463, 483–88
  • Price, Noel B., 251
  • Prisoners as volunteer tape recorders, 182
  • Prison-made goods, 235–37
  • Proceedings of the World Conference on Work for the Blind, 423, 547
  • Professionalization, 322–27, 330, 352–53, 367–69, 376–82
  • Projection magnifiers. See Optical aids
  • Psychiatrist Works with Blindness, A, 332, 549
  • Psychological testing, 475–78
  • Putnam, Herbert, 150, 152, 154, 162, 175, 176
  • Quimby, Neal F., 473, 496
  • Quinze-Vingts, L'Hôpital des, 8
  • Rabi, I. I., 388
  • Radio campaign, 93–95
  • Radio Corporation of America (RCA), 94, 147, 149, 157, 167, 393, 397, 400
  • Ralls, J. H., 134
  • Randolph, Senator Jennings, 52, 219, 227, 228, 255, 268, 314, 371
  • Randolph-Sheppard Act (PL 74-732), 219–32
  • Raskin, Nathaniel, 368–69
  • Raverat, Georges, 422, 427, 428, 429, 437
  • Rawls, Fletcher H., 244
  • Rayburn, Representative Sam, 242
  • Reader's Digest, 178, 412
  • Reader service for blind students, 96, 180
  • Reading machines, 390, 392–400
  • Reading Room for the Blind, 175 . See also Library of Congress
  • Readophone, 156–58
  • Recording for the Blind, 180–83, 186, 534
  • Red Cross Institute for the Blind, 281–85, 418, 539–40 . See also Evergreen; War-blinded, World War I
  • Reed-Ives bill, 206
  • Reed, Representative Daniel A., 135, 142, 206
  • Reed, Robert B., 285
  • Rehabilitation Centers for Blind Persons, 330
  • Rehabilitation programs, civilian, 261, 298, 319–34, 352
  • Rehabilitation programs, military. See Military hospitals; Veterans Administration; War-blinded
  • Rehabilitation teachers. See Home teaching
  • Research to Prevent Blindness, 371, 437
  • Rest Haven, 47–48, 67, 482
  • Retina Foundation, 344
  • Retinitis pigmentosa, 57
  • Retrolental fibroplasia (RLF), 57, 459–65
  • Rhine, Dr. J. B., 7
  • Rhoads, John P., 320
  • Rhode Island, 34
  • Richards, Laura E., 439, 509
  • Richardson, Dr. Stephen A., 404
  • Richterman, Harold, 252
  • Riddle, Theodate Pope, 293
  • Rider, Gertrude T., 19, 23, 122–23, 277
  • "Right to organize" bill, 560
  • Riley, Dr. John W., Jr., 404
  • Risley, Burt L., 261
  • Ritter, Charles G. (Chick), 163, 386–88, 401, 404, 407, 409
  • Rives, Louis H., Jr., 264, 352
  • Robert, L. W., Jr., 217
  • Roberts, Harold G., 367, 436
  • Roberts, Martin A., 176
  • Robinson, Leonard A., 218–19, 220, 223
  • Robrahn, Judge Reese H., 563
  • Rocheleau, Corinne (later, Mrs. Wilfred Rouleau), 508–11, 514
  • Rockefeller Brothers Fund, 379
  • Rockefeller Foundation, 482
  • Rockefeller, John D., Jr., 98–99, 421
  • Rodenberg, Louis W., 108
  • Rogers, Daisy, 339
  • Rogers, Mr. and Mrs. H. H., 61–62
  • Rogers, Will, 158
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor (Mrs. F. D.), 171
  • Roosevelt, President Franklin D., 160–62, 216, 218, 238, 243, 288, 372, 390
  • Root, Elihu, 417
  • Ross, Ishbel, 3
  • Rouleau, Mrs. Wilfred. See Corinne Rocheleau
  • Royal Commonwealth Society for the Blind, 432
  • Royal National Institute for the Blind, 273, 386, 429, 446
  • Royal Normal College and Academy of Music for the Blind, 446–49, 535, 541
  • Royer-Greaves School, 491
  • Rubella (German measles), 57, 488, 525, 556
  • Rue, Edgar H., 431
  • Rusalem, Herbert, 529
  • Rushton, Edward, 445
  • Rusk, Howard, 328
  • Rusk, R. Roy, 436
  • Russ, Dr. John Dennison, 442
  • Russell, Lindsay, 403
  • St. Dunstan's, 273–76, 278–79, 290, 311, 402, 416, 417, 420, 425, 429
  • St. Louis Lighthouse for the Blind, 254
  • St. Paul's Rehabilitation Center, 298, 332, 352
  • Salmon, Peter J., 199, 207, 236–37, 243, 428 ; Helen Keller on, 522–23 ; and rehabilitation of deaf-blind, 515, 516, 521–23 ; and war-blinded, 288, 297
  • Sarnoff, David, 147
  • Sausser, Doris P., 366
  • Scandlin, W. I., 22
  • Schafer, Representative John C., 135, 136, 142
  • Schall, Senator Thomas D., 215, 272, 347, 349
  • Schenley, Mary X., 455
  • Scherer, Helen, 388
  • Schill, D. H., 245
  • Schloss, Irvin P., 207, 268, 314, 563
  • Scholarships. See AFB: scholarship program
  • Schools for the blind. See Education, and under names of individual schools
  • Schools for the deaf, 440, 502, 507, 512–14, 523, 524, 525–26 . See also Deaf-blind persons
  • Schultz, Helen, 507–08
  • Schwegemann, George A., Jr., 176
  • Science for the Blind, 401
  • Scott, Professor Robert A., 558
  • Scourby, Alexander, 172, 174
  • "Seal of Good Practice," 377
  • Seeing Eye, 252, 332, 338–45, 551 . See also Mobility: dog guides
  • Self-care by blind persons, 333, 385–88, 558
  • Seligman, Eustace, 374–75, 382, 428
  • Sensicall, 520
  • Sensory compensation, 4–5, 337
  • Septinelli, Anthony, 230
  • Sheil, Bishop Bernard J., 347
  • Sheppard, Senator Morris, 219
  • Sheridan, Martin, 388
  • Sherwin, Prudence, 27, 28, 340, 358, 360
  • Shortley, Michael J., 262, 263
  • Shotwell, Ambrose M., 17, 450, 548
  • Shotwell Award, 44, 169, 264, 286, 344, 480, 551
  • Siddall, A., 322
  • Sight-savings classes. See Education: partially sighted
  • Silverman, Dr. William, 462
  • Simpson, Oma, 524
  • Sinclair, S. Mervyn, 197
  • Sinykin, John L., 347
  • Sisters of Providence, 509
  • Skilcraft products, 250
  • Smith, Alice, 194
  • Smith, Benjamin F., 481
  • Smith, Dr. J. Francis, 288
  • Smith-Fess Act, 19
  • Smith, Governor Alfred E., 93
  • Smith-Hughes Vocational Act, 280
  • Smith, Joel W., 449
  • Smith-Kettlewell Institute of Visual Sciences, 396
  • Smith, L.C., and Corona Typewriter Company, 120
  • Smith, Patricia Scherf, 545, 554
  • Smith, Xenophon P., 176
  • Smithdas, Robert, 528
  • Smoot, Senator Reed, 131, 150, 216
  • Social Security Act, 195–211
  • Social work, 322–26, 367–68
  • Society for the Relief of the Destitute Blind, 43, 48
  • Sommers, Dr. Vita Stein, 486
  • Sonograph, 184–85
  • Soundscriber, 180–81
  • South Dakota School for the Deaf, 524
  • Southern Regional Education Board, 473
  • Soviet Academy of Sciences, 7
  • Spallanzani, Lazzaro, 5
  • Spar, Harry, 310, 408
  • Spaulding, John, 61
  • Speech compression, 189–90
  • Spelled-speech machine, 397 . See also Reading machines
  • Spencer, Emily Meredith Read, 373
  • Spring Mill Conference, 329
  • Stalling, Dr. Gerhard, 338
  • Standards and certification, 323–26, 352–56, 376, 377, 473 . See also Commission on Standards and Accreditation; National Accreditation Commission
  • Standards for Production of Reading Materials for the Blind and Visually Handicapped, 412
  • Standfast, Richard, 548
  • Stanford Research Institute, 395
  • Stanwix House, 412
  • State agencies and commissions for the blind, 258–62 : Connecticut, 484 ; Delaware, 362 ; Florida, 327, 363, 364, 368 ; Iowa, 98, 562 ; Massachusetts, 32, 234, 340, 484, 536 ; Missouri, 551 ; New Jersey, 98, 368, 466 ; New York, 46, 49, 215, 359, 553 ; North Carolina, 327 ; Ohio, 457, 539 ; Texas, 261, 331 ; Utah, 18 ; Virginia, 18
  • Stein, Dr. Jules C., 371, 407
  • Steinkraus, Helen Ziegler, 534
  • Step-by-Step Guide to Personal Management for Blind Persons, A, 333
  • Stimson, Secretary of War Henry L., 292
  • Stotesbury, E. S., 417
  • Stringer, Thomas, 507
  • Sullivan, Algernon Sydney, 419
  • Sullivan, Anne (Annie). See Anne Sullivan Macy
  • Swail, James C., 414
  • Swift, Edith, 71
  • Swift, Sherman C., 15, 359, 468, 509
  • Switzer, Mary E., 218–19, 263–64, 265, 371, 522
  • Synthetic speech machine, 397 . See also Reading machines
  • Syracuse University Center for the Development of Blind Children, 526
  • Tactaphone, 520
  • Tactile Speech Indicator, 520
  • Tactile Vision Substitution System (TVSS), 396, 397 . See also Reading machines
  • Tadoma Method, 525
  • Taft, Chief Justice William Howard, 77–78
  • Tagore, Rabindranath, 373
  • Talking Book, 144–94 ; distribution of, 155, 165–66, 179, 190–94 ; and Helen Keller, 86, 153, 158 ; playback machines for, 152–54, 159–64, 183–87 ; Readophone competition with, 156–58 ; selection of titles for, 154–55, 158, 177–79 ; voices heard on, 170–75
  • Talking Book Education Project, 168–69, 481
  • Talking Book Topics, 193–94, 548
  • Tangible type. See Finger-reading systems
  • Tape Recording Books for the Blind, 183
  • Task Force on Career Education, 557
  • Task Force on Geriatric Blindness, 557
  • "Teacher." See Anne Sullivan Macy
  • Teachers, blind. See Occupations
  • Teachers Forum, 369, 478–79, 480, 482, 543, 544
  • Teacher training programs, 98, 323–24, 470–74
  • Telephone Pioneers of America, 183
  • Tellatouch, 413, 520 . See also Deaf-blind persons: methods of communication with
  • Ten Broek, Jacobus, 561–62
  • Tennessee School for the Blind (earlier, State Institution for the Blind), 446, 471, 562
  • Terry, Dr. Theodore L., 459–60, 488
  • Texas School for the Blind, 486
  • Thatcher, Representative Maurice H., 140, 142
  • Thaw, Mrs. William, 83, 455
  • Thaw, William, 455
  • Thompson, Robert H., 464
  • Thomson, Polly, 63, 86, 87, 304, 374 . See also Helen Keller
  • Thorne, Colonel Frederick H., 293, 295
  • Title X (Aid to the Blind). See Social Security Act
  • Tokyo School for the Blind, 423
  • Tolman, Charles P., 404, 413
  • Touch museums, 382
  • Townsend, Alex H., 435–36
  • Townsend, M. Roberta, 246, 376
  • Travel concessions. See One-fare law
  • Truman, President Harry S., 171, 206, 307
  • "Tunnel vision," 51
  • Turner, Ada, 19
  • Twain, Mark, 60–62, 373
  • Tynan, Maurice I., 223, 244, 264, 285, 288
  • Uniform Type Committee, 38, 43 . See also "War of the dots"
  • United Nations and affiliates, 431–33
  • United States Blind Veterans of the World War, 285–86, 418
  • United States Committee on the War Blind, 289
  • Universal Braille Press, 115, 137–38, 140 . See also Braille Institute of America
  • VA-Bionic Laser Cane, 400, 401 . See also Mobility: guidance devices
  • VIST. See Veterans Administration: Visual Impairment Services Teams
  • Vail, Colonel Derrick T., 296–97
  • Valentin Haüy Association, 423
  • Vance, Joseph E., 285
  • Van Cleve, Edward M., 15, 22, 167, 240, 277, 495
  • Vanderbilt, William K., 417
  • Van Dyke, Dr. Henry, 70, 78
  • Variable Speech Control, 190
  • Vaux, Robert, 443
  • Vending stands, 212–32
  • Venereal disease, 56–57
  • Veterans Administration: rehabilitation centers for war-blinded, 259, 289, 292–318, 351, 394 ; support of sensory aid research, 389, 391–92, 394, 399, 400, 401, 402–03 ; Visual Impairment Services Teams, 316
  • Veterans Bureau (later, Veterans Administration), 91–92, 276, 280, 285
  • Vibration method of speech teaching, 6–7, 524–25 . See also Deaf-blind persons, methods of teaching speech to
  • Victor Company, See Radio Corporation of America
  • Vienna Institute for the Blind, 430
  • Villey, Professor Pierre, 106, 423
  • Vineland school. See New Jersey Training School for the Feeble Minded
  • Visagraph, 399 . See also Reading machines
  • Visotactor, Visotoner, 394–95 . See also Reading machines
  • Vivian, Ruth, 481
  • Vocational placement, 221–22
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act amendments, 202, 252, 257–72, 365, 558
  • Vocational Training and Employment of Deaf-Blind Adults, 520
  • Vocational training and rehabilitation services, 250–72 . See also Education: vocational preparation
  • Vocations, study of, 213–15 . See also Occupations
  • Volta Bureau, 510–11, 512
  • Voluntary Health and Welfare Agencies in the United States (Hamlin Report), 379
  • Volunteers, 123–24, 126–27, 179–83
  • Von Paradis, Maria, 440
  • Voorhees, Arthur, 230, 368
  • Wade, William 506, 509, 512–13
  • Wadsworth, Senator James, 215
  • Wagner-Lewis Economic Security Bill. See Social Security Act
  • Wagner-O'Day Act (PL 75-739), 201, 202, 239, 240–42, 244–45, 247–48, 255–56 . See also Workshops for the blind
  • Wagner, Senator Robert F., 197, 201, 238–39
  • Wait, William Bell, 111–13, 443, 451, 458
  • Walcott, Senator Frederic C., 152
  • Walker, Frank C., 160
  • Walker, Hulen C., 207, 224, 230
  • Wallace, L. W., 23–25, 285
  • Walsh, Senator David I., 219
  • Walter E. Fernald State School, 439, 493
  • Waltham Watch Company, 96
  • Wampler, I. S., 471
  • Wanamaker, Rodman, 93
  • War-blinded, Korea, 310–11
  • War-blinded, Vietnam, 317
  • War-blinded, World War I, 9, 20, 46, 90–92, 273–86
  • War-blinded, World War II, 287–311, 315–16
  • Warburg, Felix M., 27, 97, 99, 358
  • Warfield, Brigadier Augustus B., 244
  • "War of the dots," 10, 42–44, 532, 537 . See also Braille code; New York Point
  • War Risk Insurance Act, 279–80
  • Wartenberg, Ruth, 388
  • Washington (D.C.) Society for the Blind, 223
  • Washington State School for the Blind, 36, 370, 466
  • Waterhouse, Edward J., 481
  • Watson, Senator James E., 236
  • Watson, Thomas J., 371
  • Watts, Louis L., 18, 197, 288
  • "Weeks for the Blind," 32–34, 551
  • Werntz, George, Jr., 342, 344
  • Western Blind Rehabilitation Center (VA), 316
  • Western Electric Company, 147
  • Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children, 33, 454
  • What of the Blind?, 324, 547
  • Wheeler, Senator Burton K., 239
  • White cane laws, 350 . See also Mobility: cane travel
  • White, Herbert H., 27, 79–81, 358, 360
  • White House Conference on Aging, 558
  • White House Conference on Child Health and Protection, 489–90
  • Whitman, Governor Charles S., 46, 359
  • Whitstock, Robert H., 343
  • Whittier, John Greenleaf, 505
  • Whittington, C. H., 365
  • Wiener, Norbert, 390
  • Wiesner, Dr. Jerome B., 188, 371, 390, 404
  • Wilcox, Ruth E., 109
  • Williams, Dr. Thomas J., 5–6
  • Williams, Russell C., 307–10, 351, 352, 353
  • Will Rogers Memorial Fund, 512
  • Wilson, George S., 22, 139
  • Wilson, John F., 437
  • Wilson, President Woodrow, 417
  • Winter, H. Lyle, 174
  • Wisconsin School for the Blind, 5, 152
  • Witcher, Clifford M., 388–90, 404, 413
  • Wolf, Anna W. M., 486
  • Women's International Bowling Congress, 313, 315
  • Woodcock, Charles C., 492
  • Wood, Henry A. (Pete), 327, 331
  • Woodin, Treasury Secretary William H., 216–17
  • Woollcott, Alexander, 158, 170, 344
  • Woolly, J. Max, 383, 493
  • Working with Deaf-Blind Clients, 517
  • Workshops for the blind, 10, 229, 233–56, 536, 563
  • World Conference on Work for the Blind, 109, 343, 399, 421–25, 480
  • World Council for the Blind, 425–26
  • World Council for the Welfare of the Blind, 369, 426, 431, 436
  • Wright, Betty, 511
  • Wright-Humason School, 512
  • Wurster, Marion V., 366
  • Xavier Society for the Blind, 127
  • Young, John Russell, 175
  • Youngstown Society for the Blind, 18, 221
  • Youtz, Dr. Richard P., 7–8
  • Zacharias, Leona, 460
  • Ziegler, Electa Matilda, 359–60, 531–33, 534
  • Ziegler Foundation, 192, 533–34
  • Ziegler Magazine for the Blind, 113–14, 387, 530–35
  • Ziegler, William, Jr., 86, 99, 243, 249, 359–60, 374, 428, 534
  • Ziegler, William, Sr., 360, 531
  • Ziegler, William, III, 534
  • Ziemer, Gregor, 553–54

Previous | Table of Contents | Search

The Unseen Minority, © 2004 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


www.afb.org | Change Colors and Text Size | Contact Us | Site Map |
 
About AFB | Press Room | Bookstore | Donate | Policy Statement


Please direct your comments and suggestions to afbinfo@afb.net
Copyright © 2005 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.

  Valid HTML 4.0!