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Multiple Disabilities

Teaching Choice Making to Children with Visual Impairments and Multiple Disabilities in Preschool and Kindergarten Classrooms--print edition page(s) 397-409

Christine Clark and Andrea P. McDonnell

Abstract: This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention package that included visual accommodations, daily preference assessments, and naturalistic instructional strategies on the accuracy of choice-making responses for three participants with visual impairments and multiple disabilities. It also examined the participants' ability to maintain and generalize responses across settings, items, and individuals.


Driving and Low Vision: An Evidence-based Review of Rehabilitation--print edition page(s) 410-419

J. Graham Strong, Jeffrey W. Jutai, Elizabeth Russell-Minda, and Mal Evans

Abstract: This systematic review of the effectiveness of driver rehabilitation interventions found that driver training programs enhance driving skills and awareness, but further research is needed to determine their effectiveness in improving driving performance of drivers with low vision. More research is also needed to determine the effectiveness of low vision devices for driving.

Assistive Technology

Discrimination and Comprehension of Synthetic Speech by Students with Visual Impairments: The Case of Similar Acoustic Patterns--print edition page(s) 420-429

Konstantinos Papadopoulos, Vassilios S. Argyropoulos, and Georgios Kouroupetroglou

Abstract: This study examined the perceptions held by sighted students and students with visual impairments of the intelligibility and comprehensibility of similar acoustic patterns produced by synthetic speech. It determined the types of errors the students made and compared the performance of the two groups on auditory discrimination and comprehension.

Low Vision

The Efficacy of Low Vision Devices for Students in Specialized Schools for Students Who Are Blind in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal--print edition page(s) 430-435

Mahesh R. Joshi, Yoshitaka Yamagata, Junsuke Akura, and Suraj Shakya

Abstract: In Nepal, children with low vision attend specialized schools for students who are totally blind and are treated as if they were totally blind. This study identified children with low vision and provided low vision devices to them. Of the 22% of the students in the school who had low vision, 78.5% benefited from the devices. Proper devices and counseling improved the quality of life of a significant number of these students.


Editor's Page--print edition page(s) 387-387


The Nature and Future of Literacy: Point and Counterpoint--print edition page(s) 389-396

Phil Hatlen and Susan Jay Spungin

This Mattered to Me

"Proactive Personnel Administration: A Model for Administration as a Helping Profession," Michael J. Bina--print edition page(s) 436-437

Recommended by Stuart H. Wittenstein

Proactive Personnel Administration: A Model for Administration as a Helping Profession

Michael J. Bina

From the Field--print edition page(s) 437-442

News--print edition page(s) 442-443

Calendar--print edition page(s) 443-448


Envision conference

A multi-disciplinary low vision rehabilitation & research conference

Sept. 5-6, 2008 · Westin Riverwalk Hotel · San Antonio

Registration is now open!

Early bird deadline is 7/25.

"No other conference draws the diversity of professionals and provides the quality of presentations and interactions."

Join leading Optometrists, Ophthalmologists, OTs, Rehabilitation Therapists, LVTs, nurses, vision researchers and other vision rehabilitation professionals from across the country.

"I never learned so much at one conference."

Learn about low vision rehabilitation through extensive workshops, research sessions and poster presentations. Visit the Exhibit Hall to see the latest services and products in the low vision field. Network with industry leaders and colleagues, all while earning valuable CE credits from AOTA, COPE, ACVREP and CRCC.

"The best low vision conference I have ever seen in 20+ years."

Register by 7/25 and get full Conference registration for $425, a $100 savings.

(end advertisement)


Special JVIB Theme Issue: Literacy

Guest editors: M. Cay Holbrook, Ph.D., associate professor, Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia; and Carol Farrenkopf, Ed.D., Vision Program Coordinator, Toronto District School Board

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2009

Projected publication date: October 2009

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue, Literacy. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
· Reflections on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Louis Braille
· Reading instruction, including instruction in braille, large print, and standard print with optical devices
· Dual-media instruction and dual-media learners
· Legislation that impacts literacy instruction and services, including No Child Left Behind and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
· Results of research related to literacy for students with visual impairment leading to evidence-based practice
· Adoption, use, and discussion of the Unified English Braille Code
· Emergent literacy skills and functional literacy skills
· The relationship between literacy and technology and assistive technology

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <>

E-mail submissions should be sent to: <>

Postal mail submissions should be sent to:
Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D.
Editor in Chief, JVIB
Lions Vision Center
550 North Broadway, 6th Floor
Baltimore, MD 21205

Questions should be sent to the editor in chief at the following e-mail address: <>.

(end advertisement)


2008 AccessWorld® Guide to Assistive Technology Products

In the ever-changing world of technology, how do you keep track of all the trends and new products? Look to the AccessWorld® Guide to Assistive Technology Products! The completely updated 2008 edition includes detailed profiles of over 280 products for people who are blind or visually impaired, including more than 30 new products.

The Product Guide will help you find the right device for your needs. From cell phones, PDAs, and GPS systems to screen readers, braille printers, and CCTVs--they're all here in one convenient easy-to-use guide.


· Hundreds of products, with a full description of product features

· Easy-to-use charts that compare products

· A comprehensive guide on how to buy an accessible cell phone

· A new section on accessible cell phones and related software

· A new section on Global Positioning Systems (GPS)

· A list of evaluations published in AccessWorld®, AFB's technology magazine

· A resource section with manufacturer name and contact information

New online access!

With your print or CD purchase, you'll receive access to the new online edition, at no additional cost. Enjoy live links to manufacturers' web sites, in-depth product evaluations in AccessWorld®, as well as powerful search capabilities.

Available formats:

Online-only: $19.00 Order at

Print with online access

ASCII on CD-ROM or ASCII on floppy disk with online access

$34.95 each

Completely updated!


American Foundation for the blind

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Cortical Visual Impairment

An Approach to Assessment and Intervention

By Christine Roman-Lantzy

The current leading cause of visual impairment among children is not a disease or condition of the eyes, but cortical visual impairment (CVI)--also known as cerebral visual impairment--in which visual dysfunction is caused by damage or injury to the brain. The definition, nature, and treatment of CVI are the focus of great concern and widespread debate, and this complex condition poses challenges to professionals and families seeking to support the growth and development of visually impaired children. On the basis of more than 30 years' experience in working with hundreds of children of all ages with CVI, Christine Roman-Lantzy has developed a set of unique assessment tools and systematic, targeted principles whose use has helped children learn to use their vision more effectively. This one-of-a-kind resource provides readers with both a conceptual framework with which to understand working with CVI and concrete strategies to apply directly in their work.

Order your copy at

or call 800-232-3044.


Table of Contents


My Introduction to "CVI"

Chapter 1 Cortical Visual Impairment: An Overview

Chapter 2 Medical and Other Causes of Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 3 Visual and Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 4 The Primacy of Parents

Chapter 5 Functional Vision Assessment: The CVI Range

Chapter 6 Program Planning and Intervention


Appendixes Essential Forms


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Celebrating 100 Years...and Beyond!

For the past 100 years, the Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) has been the primary journal of record for the field of visual impairment and is a critical forum for the discussion of significant research, practice, and trends. The journal seeks to provide readers with essential information to support and inform their professional thinking and practice. In addition to articles and reports on all aspects of the work of the field, from educational practice to low vision service delivery to rehabilitation issues, JVIB welcomes submissions on the following topics of great current concern:
· Practice reports from teachers of students with visual impairments, including students with multiple disabilities
· Discussions of low vision service delivery, focusing on models of team collaboration and service provider roles, funding and reimbursement issues, and patient need and service outcomes
· Perspectives on the impact of federal No Child Left Behind legislation on programs for students with visual impairments and on teacher effectiveness
· Experiences of participants in the national Medicare demonstration project examining reimbursement of services by certified orientation and mobility specialists, low vision therapists, and vision rehabilitation therapists
· Examinations of different certification models and approaches in such areas as orientation and mobility

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <>.

Manuscripts should be e-mailed for peer review to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, JVIB: <>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205. Inquiries for the editor in chief should be e-mailed to: <>.

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JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the World articles are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author's experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <>. Manuscripts should be e-mailed to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness: <>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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Entire Issue (in HTML)

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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