Skip to Content


Home  >  JVIB



Orientation and Mobility

Impact of Curb Ramps on the Safety of Persons Who Are Blind--print edition page(s) 319-328

B.L. Bentzen, J.M. Barlow

Abstract: Curb ramps, which are necessary to enable some persons with physical disabilities to negotiate street crossings, appear to put persons with visual impairments at risk. In 39 percent of 557 approaches to unfamiliar streets via curb ramps, persons who travel using a long cane were unable to detect the streets and to stop before entering them. Street detection was highly associated with the angle of the slope, the abruptness of the change from the approaching sidewalk to the curb ramp, and the location of curb ramps.

An Infant Sonicguide Intervention Program for a Child with a Visual Disability--print edition page(s) 329-336

M.-M. Hill, B. Dodson-Buk, E.W. Hill, J. Fox

Abstract: The purpose of the study reported here was to teach a preschool child with a visual impairment and significant developmental delay to reach out and locate objects systematically and accurately from a sitting position and to locate and move toward given objects in the environment using the Infant Sonicguide. Although the child achieved the first goal, time constraints prevented him from reaching the second goal.

Diabetes and Orientation and Mobility Training: An Added Challenge--print edition page(s) 337-342

Bob Kozel

Abstract: This article explores issues related to working with visually impaired clients with diabetes, such as the effects of insulin, hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, the timing of training, complications to the feet, and fluctuations in vision. It stresses that adjustment to diabetes is a far greater problem than adjustment to visual impairment and requires clients to make major changes in their lifestyles.

Communication and Self-Injury

Functional Communication as a Means of Decreasing Self-injurious Behavior: A Case Study--print edition page(s) 343-348

L.L. Gerra, S. Dorfman, E. Plaue, S. Schlackman, D. Workman

Abstract: This case study examines the effects of a systematic functional communication training program on the self-injurious behaviors of a girl who is blind and has severe disabilities. The two-level program, in which the girl was offered choices among preferred activities and learned to use a communication board, resulted in a decrease in the episodes of these behaviors.

Social Development of Children

The Development of Social Understanding in Children with Visual Impairments--print edition page(s) 349-358

L.M. McAlpine, C.L. Moore

Abstract: This article reports on the performance of 16 visually impaired children, aged 4-12, on tasks designed to assess their understanding of false belief, a central aspect of social understanding. The study found that the development of understanding of another's false belief is delayed in children with severe visual impairments and that the degree of vision loss seems to be a key variable in that development.

Perceptual-Motor Performance and the Social Development of Visually Impaired Children--print edition page(s) 359-367

H.C. Sleeuwenhoek, R.D. Boter, A. Vermeer

Abstract: This article presents a literature survey and conceptual model of the perceptual-motor performance of visually impaired children in relation to their social development. It examines the relationships between visual impairment and orientation, visual impairment and mobility, and motor performance and social integration.


Reaching Visually Impaired Elders in Long-term Care: A Self-study Curriculum for Care Providers--print edition page(s) 368-375

M.A. Duffy, M. Beliveau-Tobey, W.R. De l'Aune

Abstract: This article reports on a three-year study to develop and evaluate a comprehensive interdisciplinary self-study curriculum on vision for use in long-term care facilities. Eighty-two staff members in 34 Florida facilities participated in the field test of the curricular materials, which were designed to teach them to identify visually impaired residents in a timely manner.


In This Issue--print edition page(s) 315-315

Point/Counterpoint--print edition page(s) 316-318

Research Note--print edition page(s) 376-381

Article Abstracts in French, German, Japanese, and Spanish--print edition page(s) 381-384

Classified--print edition page(s) 384-384



Demographics Update--print edition page(s) 1-5

Information Update

Health Care Reform and Vision-Related Rehabilitation--print edition page(s) 5-9

L. Lidoff

Management Update

Ensuring Equal Access to Information for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired--print edition page(s) 9-13

C.R. Augusto; P.W. Schroeder

Management News--print edition page(s) 13-14

Product Evaluation

A Review of Low-Cost Screen Magnification Software for IBM Compatible Computers--print edition page(s) 14-17

M.M. Uslan; Y. Shragai

Washington Update

More Than Just Talk: Congress and the Telecommunications Revolution--print edition page(s) 17-18

S. Marshall

Random Access--print edition page(s) 19-20


Development of a National Agenda for Full Employment--print edition page(s) 20-24

G. Johnson

News--print edition page(s) 24-29

Calendar--print edition page(s) 29-30










Entire Issue (in HTML)

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


If you would like to give us feedback, please contact us at


services iconComment on JVIB Articles

Sign in to use the new comment-on-this-article feature!

services iconAdvertising

Reach and Match: Keeping in Touch.  Empowers children with all abilities and promotes inclusion.

Low Vision Simulators Plus VSRT (Pepper) Test LUV Reading Workbook

New! Orientation and Mobility Techniques, Second Edition

Foundations of Education, Third Edition

College Bound: A Guide for Students with Visual Impairments, 2nd Edition