The international peer-reviewed journal of record in the field
of vision loss
Orientation and Mobility
B.L. Bentzen, J.M. Barlow
Abstract: Curb ramps, which are necessary to enable some persons with physical disabilities to negotiate street crossings, appear to put persons with visual impairments at risk. In 39 percent of 557 approaches to unfamiliar streets via curb ramps, persons who travel using a long cane were unable to detect the streets and to stop before entering them. Street detection was highly associated with the angle of the slope, the abruptness of the change from the approaching sidewalk to the curb ramp, and the location of curb ramps.
M.-M. Hill, B. Dodson-Buk, E.W. Hill, J. Fox
Abstract: The purpose of the study reported here was to teach a preschool child with a visual impairment and significant developmental delay to reach out and locate objects systematically and accurately from a sitting position and to locate and move toward given objects in the environment using the Infant Sonicguide. Although the child achieved the first goal, time constraints prevented him from reaching the second goal.
Abstract: This article explores issues related to working with visually impaired clients with diabetes, such as the effects of insulin, hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, the timing of training, complications to the feet, and fluctuations in vision. It stresses that adjustment to diabetes is a far greater problem than adjustment to visual impairment and requires clients to make major changes in their lifestyles.
Communication and Self-Injury
L.L. Gerra, S. Dorfman, E. Plaue, S. Schlackman, D. Workman
Abstract: This case study examines the effects of a systematic functional communication training program on the self-injurious behaviors of a girl who is blind and has severe disabilities. The two-level program, in which the girl was offered choices among preferred activities and learned to use a communication board, resulted in a decrease in the episodes of these behaviors.
Social Development of Children
L.M. McAlpine, C.L. Moore
Abstract: This article reports on the performance of 16 visually impaired children, aged 4-12, on tasks designed to assess their understanding of false belief, a central aspect of social understanding. The study found that the development of understanding of another's false belief is delayed in children with severe visual impairments and that the degree of vision loss seems to be a key variable in that development.
H.C. Sleeuwenhoek, R.D. Boter, A. Vermeer
Abstract: This article presents a literature survey and conceptual model of the perceptual-motor performance of visually impaired children in relation to their social development. It examines the relationships between visual impairment and orientation, visual impairment and mobility, and motor performance and social integration.
M.A. Duffy, M. Beliveau-Tobey, W.R. De l'Aune
Abstract: This article reports on a three-year study to develop and evaluate a comprehensive interdisciplinary self-study curriculum on vision for use in long-term care facilities. Eighty-two staff members in 34 Florida facilities participated in the field test of the curricular materials, which were designed to teach them to identify visually impaired residents in a timely manner.
IN THIS ISSUE
C.R. Augusto; P.W. Schroeder
M.M. Uslan; Y. Shragai
The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
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