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Low Vision

Reading by Children with Low Vision—Marjolein Gompel, Wim H. J. van Bon, and Robert Schreuder, print edition page(s) 77

Abstract: This study of the reading of text found that despite their lower reading speed on a reading-comprehension task, the children with low vision comprehended texts at least as well as did the sighted children. Children with low vision need more time to read and comprehend a text, but they seem to use this time with enough efficiency to process the semantic, as well as the syntactic, information.

Support Groups

"Program for Partners": Support Groups for Partners of Adults with Visual Impairments—Verena R. Cimarolli, Carol J. Sussman-Skalka, and Caryn R. Goodman, print edition page(s) 90

Abstract: This study of time-limited support groups attended by partners of individuals with visual impairments found that participation increased the attendees' knowledge of their visually impaired partners' situations, improved the quality of communication between the partners, and reduced the sighted partners' negative appraisal of their role.

Multiple Disabilities

Haptic Exploratory Strategies and Children Who Are Blind and Have Additional Disabilities—Mike McLinden, print edition page(s) 99

Abstract: This study of the haptic exploratory strategies used by nine children with visual impairments and additional disabilities when interacting with portable and freely manipulable objects found that a broader approach to assessment and analysis is required than is used with typically developing children. An "adaptive-tasks" approach is proposed as a basis for developing a framework within which to account for sources of variance in the developing haptic abilities of these children.

Research Report

A Computer System Serving as a Microswitch for Vocal Utterances of Persons with Multiple Disabilities: Two Case Evaluations—Giulio E. Lancioni, Nirbhay N. Singh, Mark F. O'Reilly, Doretta Oliva, and Gianluigi Montironi, print edition page(s) 116


Editor's Page, print edition page(s) 67


A Braille-Using Scientist Embraces the Unified English Braille Code—Bill Gerrey, print edition page(s) 69

The Need for a Unified Braille Code—Chris Gray, print edition page(s) 70

Politics and the Braille Code—Marc Maurer, print edition page(s) 71

My Take on the Status of Braille—Abraham Nemeth, print edition page(s) 71

Adopt the Code—Sandy Ruconich, print edition page(s) 73

The Problem with Using English Braille Codes in Developing Countries —W. Aubrey Webson, print edition page(s) 74

From the Field, print edition page(s) 121

News, print edition page(s) 124

Calendar, print edition page(s) 125

Classified, print edition page(s) 128

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (ISSN: 0145-482X) is published monthly by AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; individual subscriptions, $130 per year; institutional subscriptions, $180 per year. Periodicals postage paid at New York, New York, and at additional post offices.

POSTMASTER: Send address changes and subscription orders to AFB Press Customer Service, P.O. Box 1020, Sewickley, PA 15143-1020.

All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, except as may be expressly permitted by the 1976 Copyright Act or in writing from the publisher. Requests for permission should be addressed to the Copyright Clearance Center, Customer Service, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923; phone: 978-750-8400. Printed by The Sheridan Press, Hanover, PA. Copyright © 2004 American Foundation for the Blind. Owned by the American Foundation for the Blind.



Special JVIB Theme Issue on Orientation and Mobility

Guest editors: Kathleen M. Huebner, Ph.D., associate dean, Graduate Studies in Vision Impairment, Pennsylvania College of Optometry.

William Wiener, Ph.D., dean, The Graduate College, Western Michigan Univesity.

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2005

Projected publication date: October 2005

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue on orientation and mobility (O&M). Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Crossing at roundabouts
  • GPS systems and travelers with visual impairments
  • Quiet cars and street crossings
  • Application of distance education to O&M preparation
  • Traditional O&M programs and the discovery learning approach
  • Strategies for increasing O&M personnel
  • Accessible pedestrian signals
  • Use of warning tiles, tactile surfaces, and other environmental modifications
  • Design of intersections
  • Working with students who have multiple disabilities
  • Eligibility for paratransit services
  • Medicare's relationship to O&M
  • The practice of blindfolding people with low vision during O&M instruction
  • Uses of individual and group lessons
  • Comparison of the two certification approaches

The guest editors welcome your inquiries and ideas for this issue. Contact the editors by e-mail: Kathleen M. Huebner, ; William Wiener, <>.

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind; web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <>.

Manuscripts should be sent for peer review to:
Dr. Alan J. Koenig
Editor in Chief, JVIB
College of Education
Texas Tech University
Box 41071
Lubbock, TX 79409

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Registration Fees:

- Early Bird-$295 - Pre-Registration-$345

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The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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