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Representing Graphical User Interfaces with Sound: A Review of Approaches—Dan Ratanasit and Melody M. Moore, print edition page(s) 69

Abstract: The inability of computer users who are visually impaired to access graphical user interfaces (GUIs) has led researchers to propose approaches for adapting GUIs to auditory interfaces, with the goal of providing access for visually impaired people. This article outlines the issues involved in nonvisual access to graphical user interfaces, reviews current research in this field, classifies methods and approaches, and discusses the extent to which researchers have resolved these issues.

Tactile Graphics

An Evaluation of Substrates for Tactile Maps and Diagrams: Scanning Speed and Users' Preferences—Sandra Jehoel, Simon Ungar, Don McCallum, and Jonathan Rowell, print edition page(s) 85

Abstract: This study evaluated the relative suitability of a range of base materials for producing tactile maps and diagrams via a new ink-jet process. The visually impaired and sighted participants tactilely scanned arrays of symbols that were printed on seven substrate materials, including paper, plastic, and aluminum. In general, the rougher substrates were scanned faster than the smoother substrates, and the majority of participants preferred the rougher substrates over the smoother ones.


Impact of a Vision Intervention on the Functional Status of Nursing Home Residents—Jeanne Teresi, Alan R. Morse, Douglas Holmes, Elaine S. Yatzkan, Mildred Ramirez, Bruce Rosenthal, and Jian Kong, print edition page(s) 96

Abstract: This study examined the outcomes associated with an intervention for residents of two nursing homes who had low vision and cognitive impairments that included diagnosis, optical correction, ensuring that the participants wore their eyeglasses, and staff training in recognizing vision problems. It found that a significantly decreased decline in function was associated with the provision of both eyeglasses and Croakies to the residents and staff training to recognize vision problems and provide reinforcement techniques, rather than only the provision of eyeglasses and Croakies.

Research Report

Promoting Walker-Assisted Step Responses by an Adolescent with Multiple Disabilities Through Automatically Delivered Stimulation—Giulio E. Lancioni, Nirbhay N. Singh, Mark F. O'Reilly, Francesca Campodonico, Doretta Oliva, and Cecilia M. Vigo, print edition page(s) 109


Editor's Page, print edition page(s) 67

Technology Notes

The Mountbatten Pro: More Than Just an Electronic Brailler—Frances Mary D'Andrea, print edition page(s) 115

From the Field , print edition page(s) 118

News , print edition page(s) 122

Calendar , print edition page(s) 123


Itinerant Teaching: Tricks of the Trade for Teachers of Students

by Jean E. Olmstead

If you're a teacher of students with visual impairments who is always on the move-handling a substantial caseload and providing services to students of different ages with different needs all over the map-this is the book for you. Consider it your personal mentor to help you make the most of managing your day and the entire school year. It's a practical must-have guide to efficiently organizing materials and times, scheduling and programming events and activities, working in teams, traveling, negotiating varying school environments, dealing with diverse caseloads-in essence, providing every possible tip and technique, strategy, and short-cut for staying in control of your ever-changing itinerant life.

Available February 2005

Paperback: 0-89128-878-3

ASCII disk: 0-89128-879-1

192 pp.; $39.95

To order visit or call 800-232-3044


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The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2017 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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