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Orientation & Mobility

Variability in the Length and Frequency of Steps of Sighted and Visually Impaired Walkers--Sarah J. Mason, Gordon E. Legge, and Christopher S. Kallie, print edition page(s), 741

Abstract: The variability of the length and frequency of steps was measured in sighted and visually impaired walkers at three different paces. The variability was low, especially at the preferred pace, and similar for both groups. A model incorporating step counts and step frequency provides good estimates of the distance traveled. Applications to wayfinding technology are discussed.

Orientation and Mobility Training Using Small Groups--Moira Jane Higgerty and Allison Catherine Williams, print edition page(s), 755

Abstract: This article describes a group training program for sighted trainee orientation and mobility (O&M) instructors in South Africa, where the need for O&M instructors is great and the availability of services is limited. The outcome was positive and encouraging and provides the initiative for the findings to be more broadly applied and for further study of the application with clients.


The Copying of Complex Geometric Drawings by Sighted and Visually Impaired Children--Serge Bouaziz, Sandrine Russier, and Annie Magnan, print edition page(s), 765

Abstract: This study examined the role of visual imagery in the centripetal execution principle (CEP), a graphic rule that is related to the drawing of complex figures that are composed of embedded geometric shapes. Sighted blindfolded children and children with early-onset low vision and early-onset blindness copied raised-line drawings (using only the haptic modality). The results revealed the dominance of the CEP in the sighted and blind groups, but not in the group with low vision. They suggest that the CEP is not determined by visual imagery, but by a more general mechanism that is based on children's perceptual experience.

Research Report

The Efficacy of Family Camp Experience for Families Who Have Children with Visual Impairments--Janice Neibaur Day and Julia Kleinschmidt, print edition page(s), 775


Editor's Page, print edition page(s), 739

From the Field, print edition page(s), 780

News, print edition page(s), 781

Calendar, print edition page(s), 782

Index, print edition page(s), 783


Is Georgia on your mind?

Well, it should be...

AFB's 2006 Josephine L. Taylor Leadership Institute is "Gone With the Wind" to Atlanta, Georgia, March 3-5.

The 2006 JLTLI promises

- A low vision seminar,

- Lively debate on service model delivery,

- Stimulating breakout sessions focusing on policy, research, and technology, and

- A variety of networking opportunities.

Save the date and send yourself down South.

March 3-5, 2006

For more information and updates visit or email communications@

American Foundation for the Blind

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College Bound: A Guide for Students with Visual Impairments

Ellen Trief and Raquel Feeney

The transition from high school to college is a significant turning point in a student's life, and this easy-to-read guide gives students the tools they need to select and apply to college and move forward with skill and confidence. Everything a student needs to know from developing organizational, note taking, test taking, and study skills to managing living space, student-teacher relationships, social and academic life, and extracurricular and leisure time activities is included. College Bound is written to provide helpful pointers, suggestions, and strategies, plus friendly advice for:

* Students

* Teachers

* Parents

* Disability Services Office Coordinators

* Professors

* Rehabilitation Counselors

* High School Counselors

* Rehabilitation teachers

August 2005

Large print, 280 pp. with appendixes, charts, illustrations

Paperback: 0-89128-803-1

ASCII disk: 0-89128-804-X


AFB Press / American Foundation for the Blind

To order visit: or call 800-232-3044

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The New York Institute for Special Education

Founded in 1831 as The New York Institute for the Education of the Blind

During the 2006/2007 school year, The New York Institute for Special Education will be celebrating its 175th Anniversary. Through its doors have been many leaders in the field of blindness and other disabilities. If you are a former student, parent, employee, intern, student teacher, consultant, or were involved in any other capacity we would like to hear from you.

Drop us a note via email or regular mail, and let us know what you are doing now, how and when you were involved with the school, and most importantly, what The New York Institute means to you. Please send correspondence to, or via regular mail to NYISE, 999 Pelham Parkway, Bronx, NY 10469, Attn: 175th Anniversary. Please be sure to include your name, address, telephone number(s), email address and also the years and positions involved at the Institute. Thank you and we hope to hear from you.

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Special JVIB Theme Issue

Macular Degeneration: The New Epidemic

Guest editors: Lylas Mogk, M.D., medical director, Visual Rehabilitation and Research Center, Henry Ford Health System. Gale Watson, M.Ed., blind rehabilitation specialist, Blind Rehabilitation Service, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Central Office, Washington, D.C., and certified low vision therapist, Rehabilitation Research and Development Center on Aging Veterans with Vision Loss, Atlanta VA Medical Center.

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2006

Projected publication date: October 2006

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue on macular degeneration.Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

Pathology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), demographics, and risk factors

Current medical and surgical treatments and those on the horizon

The impact of AMD on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and central visual field

The functional impact of AMD: literacy, activities of daily living, community participation, and mobility and transportation

The impact on function of co-morbidities common to aging

The psychosocial impact of AMD

Charles Bonnet Syndrome: prevalence, theories, and experience

The impact of AMD on family and community interactions

Personal stories of AMD

The impact of AMD on society

Rehabilitation of individuals with AMD: visual skills, activities of daily living, environmental adaptations, and counseling

Service delivery systems and funding issues

Outcome studies for rehabilitation services

Future trends and expectations

The guest editors welcome your inquiries and ideas for this issue. Contact the editors by e-mail: Lylas Mogk, <>; and Gale Watson, <>.

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <>.

Manuscripts should be sent for peer review to: Dr. Duane Geruschat, Editor in Chief, JVIB, Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.


Freedom Scientific


More Flexibility

More Braille

The new generation PAC Mate accessible Pocket PC devices from Freedom Scientific feature a revolutionary new modular approach, providing affordability and convenience.

The BX400 and QX400 are Braille in/Speech out and QWERTY in/Speech out units, respectively. Slide in one of Freedom Scientific's 20-cell or 40-cell PAC Mate Portable Braille Displays and you have a unit with integrated Braille. Because the USB-powered PAC Mate Portable Braille Display can be quickly and easily removed, it also can be used as your PC or laptop Braille display.

Freedom Scientific


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The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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New! Orientation and Mobility Techniques, Second Edition

Foundations of Education, Third Edition

College Bound: A Guide for Students with Visual Impairments, 2nd Edition