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Research Report — JVIB Extract

Since Research Reports do not have abstracts, we have provided an extract of the beginning of the text.

Extract: Negative employer attitudes are considered to be among the biggest barriers to employment for people who are visually impaired (that is, those who are blind or have low vision; Coffey, Coufopoulos, & Kinghom, 2014; Crudden & McBroom, 1999; Crudden, Williams, McBroom, & Moore, 2002; Kirchner, Johnson, & Harkins, 1997). These negative attitudes are believed to influence employers' hiring decisions; thus, an extensive amount of research has been conducted on employer attitudes towards people with disabilities (see Burke et al., 2013; Hernandez, Keys, & Balcazar, 2000; and Ju, Roberts, & Zhang, 2013, for comprehensive literature reviews). These studies have provided information about employers' attitudes and have documented factors associated with these attitudes (for example, exposure to people with disabilities and type of disability), but they have not documented a direct link between attitudes and hiring decisions. Other factors thought to influence hiring decisions regarding people with disabilities are: assistance from vocational rehabilitation and other organizations that support the employment of people with disabilities, qualifications of the applicant, and having an organizational commitment to hiring people with disabilities (Boni-Saenz, Heinemann, Crown, & Emanuel, 2006; Gilbride, Stensrud, Vandergoot, & Golden, 2003; Graffam, Shinkfield, Smith, & Polzin, 2002; Hernandez et al., 2008).

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