Doctors Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner have identified five practices common among effective leaders:

  • Model the Way
  • Inspire a Shared Vision
  • Challenge the Process
  • Enable Others to Act
  • Encourage the Heart

This is known as the Five Leadership Practices Model. Each practice comprises six specific and observable behaviors.

The Leadership Practices Inventory tool summarizes respondents’ leadership behaviors and highlights how well their perceptions align with the opinions of others. For example, respondents will report, on a scale of almost never to almost always, how often they “follow through on commitments” and observers report how often they see the respondent engaging in this behavior. Respondents then receive a report outlining the frequency of the thirty leadership behaviors and opportunities to align perception and reality.

Kouzes and Posner’s research spans almost three decades, during this time they have collected data from nearly 1.3 million respondents. Their validated research demonstrates that the Five Leadership Practices are positively related to both the effectiveness of leaders and the level of commitment, engagement, and satisfaction of individuals who follow them. These findings are consistent across culture, gender, and age variables.

Learn More: The Leadership Challenge Website