Services directed toward ensuring that people who are blind or visually impaired have access to benefits, vocational rehabilitation, and other programs available to them in the community and that their interests are appropriately represented by their policymakers and government agencies.
Specialized evaluative processes conducted by professionals to determine the present needs and skill levels of clients.
All services related to the provision of assistive products and training in their use for clients who are blind or visually impaired, either for a fee or for free. These include technical support offered as well as repair services.
Instruction and training in alternate methods of reading, such as the use of braille and optical devices, to promote literacy among blind and visually impaired persons.
Creation or publication of materials in braille, electronic, audio, or large print formats.
Special personal services, such as pick up and delivery services and personal shopping assistance, to support and accommodate the needs of clients who are blind or visually impaired.
Screening and other related activities conducted in the community to identify and assist individuals who are blind or visually impaired in need of assistance.
Training in the use of appropriate computers and assistive technology. Computer training encompasses training in the use of such equipment as closed-circuit television systems, computer operating systems, database software, optical character recognition systems, screen magnification systems, speech output systems, and word processing software. It also includes computer training for instructors of students and other individuals who are blind or visually impaired.
Advice, assistance, and consultative support by specialized staff to local school systems, teachers of visually impaired students, and other agencies or professionals who work with blind and visually impaired persons.
Clinical evaluations, counseling, referrals, and support provided by professionals, such as psychologists and counselors, to visually impaired individuals and family members.
Training in adapted techniques for daily living and work activities, such as home management, personal management, communication, and travel, and other adaptive skills.
Education or training provided through the use of audio and/or visual communications technologies. Includes online courses, satellite courses, videotaped courses, correspondence courses, teleconferencing, and other methods of delivery in which teacher and student are not physically in the same place.
Instruction on how to work with a dog guide to negotiate the travel environment.
Services provided to infants, including assessment of the child's condition and needs, developmental enrichment, and coordination of health, social, and related services.
Services related to the education of blind and visually impaired children and young adults.
Career and skill counseling, prevocational evaluation, career preparation training, and vocational placement.
Assistance with obtaining funding or loans for vision-related expenses, such as assistive technology equipment.
General medical and related services including eye evaluations, treatment of eye conditions, and genetic counseling.
Housing facilities or a variety of assistance related to the provision of housing for individuals, such as information and referrals to independent living arrangements, nursing homes, or assisted living facilities.
Services to individuals who are unable to avail themselves of services outside their homes as a result of an illness, functional limitations in activities of daily living, or disability. These services may be homemaker services, which include day-to-day household services such as housekeeping, laundry, limited personal care, grocery shopping, meal preparation, correspondence assistance, shopping assistance, and other nonmedical assistance provided in the client's home, and health care services, which include assistance for a health-related condition by paraprofessional personnel such as home health aides, personal care aides, and nursing assistants.
General information about blindness and visual impairment and referrals to sources of other information and services.
Provision of learning materials, including resources in braille, audio, and large print formats.
Advice, counseling, information or representation with regard to legal matters provided by a licensed attorney or trained paralegal.
Organized, often formal, collections of materials in print or other formats for blind and visually impaired individuals and the professionals who work with them.
Evaluation and testing of a client's vision; prescription of appropriate optical devices; support, follow-up, and referrals to other appropriate agencies and professionals. These services also include the provision of nonoptical (such as lamps, filters, bold-lined paper, writing guides) and optical devices (such as magnifiers, microscopes, telescopes) and training in their use.
Degree programs and areas of concentration to prepare professionals to work in various capacities with individuals who are blind or visually impaired. Services in this category also include distance education or off-campus programs for students who are working toward degrees or certification in specializations in the field of blindness and visual impairment.
Programs for preschool-age children who are blind or visually impaired.
Programs such as workshops, seminars, and in-service meetings whose objective is to train personnel who work with blind and visually impaired people.
Radio broadcasts of newspaper articles, books, and consumer information for people with visual, physical, and reading disabilities, provided over otherwise unused radio frequencies; these services also include telephone reader or personal reader services.
Leisure activities--such as those related to arts and crafts, sports, music, and drama, and other similar activities--provided for blind and visually impaired persons.
Activities provided for children after school hours and during the summer months.
Training and workshops for parents and support services, such as in-home visits, respite care, and referrals to appropriate agencies for services.
Periodic meetings that provide participants with the opportunity to share information and talk about common experiences for mutual support, usually run by a facilitator or a professional who can provide guidance.
Transportation provided either for free for eligible clients or for a fee to people with disabilities and senior citizens without transportation options or who cannot use public transportation due to their disability.
Training in the use of systematic techniques by which people who are blind or visually impaired orient themselves to their environment and move about independently.
Assistance with daily chores, reading services, and other personal services provided by volunteers.