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Celebrating 100 Years




Toward International Comparability of Survey Statistics on Visual Impairment: The DISTAB Project—Gerry E. Hendershot and John E. Crews, print edition page(s) 11-25

Abstract: Using data from recent national disability surveys in Australia, Canada, France, the Netherlands, South Africa, and the United States, an international team of researchers coded indicators of several types of disability using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. This article discusses the Disability Tabulations (DISTAB) project and presents and evaluates the estimates of the prevalence of visual impairments.


The Debate Within: Authority and the Discourse of Blindness—Scott Lunsford, print edition page(s) 26-35

Abstract: This article reviews three articles that add to the debate on the terminology that is used to represent people who are blind. It argues that authority is not limited to just one person or one organization, but is shared through an intertextuality, or utterance, of other authorities, and that conflict within blind discourse communities does not dissolve the notion of community--as exemplified by the attempts by several organizations for people who are blind to express individual and competing desires for "appropriate" terminology.


Developmental Stages of Reading Processes in Children Who Are Blind and Sighted—Bernard A. Steinman, B. J. LeJeune, and B. T. Kimbrough, print edition page(s) 36-46

Abstract: This article compares the development of print and braille reading in children who are blind and sighted in relation to Chall's stage model of reading development. Chall's model includes a prereading period, in which concepts are developed; middle stages, in which skills that are necessary for decoding text are developed; and later stages, which distinguish skilled readers on the basis of their highly developed schemata and cognitive skills that are necessary for effective comprehension and integration. The relevance of a developmental theory for directing training methods that facilitate braille literacy instruction is discussed.

Orientation & Mobility

Estimating Time-to-Collision with Retinitis Pigmentosa—Tim Jones, print edition page(s) 47-54

Abstract: This article reports on the ability of observers who are sighted and those with low vision to make time-to-collision (TTC) estimations using video. The TTC estimations made by the observers with low vision were comparable to those made by the sighted observers, and both groups made underestimation errors that were similar to those that were previously reported in the literature.


Editor's Page, print edition page(s) 3


Touching History in New York—Sheila Amato, print edition page(s) 5

A Look Back, print edition page(s) 6-9

From the Field, print edition page(s) 55-57

News, print edition page(s) 57-58

Calendar, print edition page(s) 59-64


Freedom Scientific Announces!


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* Camera only

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* Auto Focus

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* Position Locator

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* 25 magnification levels from I x to 16x

* Speech option reduces eye fatigue by speaking screen information aloud

* Color functions eliminate glare and increase contrast

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(end advertisement)


Teacher of Elementary and Middle School Students with Visual Impairments & Blindness.

A highly rated Public School District on the Southeastern Coast of Florida is seeking a Teacher who is VI licensed or can obtain a Florida VI Teaching License. Orientation/Mobility Training and licensure would also be helpful.

This position provides the opportunity to be a part of a team in schools where the faculty and staff strive to meet the educational needs of VI students. Excellent teacher/student ratio. Trained Paraprofessional support provided.

A multitude of technological resources available. The salary is commensurate with experience and would include a liberal benefits package. Position starts January 2006.

Contact: Maryellen Quinn-Lunny, Director of Exceptional Student Education Martin County School District.

500 E. Ocean Blvd.

Stuart, FL 34994

Phone: 772-219-1200 ext 30426

Fax: 772-219-1228

(end advertisement)


Is Georgia on your mind?

Well, it should be...

AFB's 2006 Josephine L. Taylor Leadership Institute is "Gone With the Wind" to Atlanta, Georgia, March 3-5.

The 2006 JLTLI promises

- A low vision seminar,

- Lively debate on service model delivery,

- Stimulating breakout sessions focusing on policy, research, and technology, and

- A variety of networking opportunities.

Save the date and send yourself down South.

March 3-5, 2006

For more information and updates visit or email communications@

American Foundation for the Blind

(end advertisement)


The AccessWorld 2006 Guide to Assistive Technology Products


Assistive technology products are the essential resources that enable people with vision loss to live and work independently.

Can't decide which video magnifier to buy? Want to upgrade your screen reader? Thinking of getting a personal digital assistant? Whatever your needs, the AccessWorld 2006 Guide to Assistive Technology Products has the information you're looking for. Detailed profiles of over 200 products are provided to help you determine which ones best meet your needs.

Each profile includes:

* Product name and category

* Manufacturer's name

* Suggested price

* Product features

* And more!

Available February 2006

Tentative price: $24.95

Paperback and ASCII disk

A separate section lists all manufacturers and their contact information, as well as warranty information. Also included is a product index, category descriptions, an overview of the year, and a how-to guide for making your purchase.

The Guide also includes a comprehensive list of objective product evaluations previously published in AccessWorld, AFB's technology magazine.

(end advertisement)


JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the Worlds are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author s experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <>. Manuscripts should be sent to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205; e-mail: <>.

(end advertisement)



Special JVIB Theme Issue

Macular Degeneration: The New Epidemic

Guest editors: Lylas Mogk, M.D., medical director, Visual Rehabilitation and Research Center, Henry Ford Health System. Gale Watson, M.Ed., blind rehabilitation specialist, Blind Rehabilitation Service, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Central Office, Washington, D.C., and certified low vision therapist, Rehabilitation Research and Development Center on Aging Veterans with Vision Loss, Atlanta VA Medical Center.

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2006

Projected publication date: October 2006

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue on macular degeneration. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

Pathology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), demographics, and risk factors

Current medical and surgical treatments and those on the horizon

The impact of AMD on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and central visual field

The functional impact of AMD: literacy, activities of daily living, community participation, and mobility and transportation

The impact on function of co-morbidities common to aging

The psychosocial impact of AMD

Charles Bonnet Syndrome: prevalence, theories, and experience

The impact of AMD on family and community interactions

Personal stories of AMD

The impact of AMD on society

Rehabilitation of individuals with AMD: visual skills, activities of daily living, environmental adaptations, and counseling

Service delivery systems and funding issues

Outcome studies for rehabilitation services

Future trends and expectations

The guest editors welcome your inquiries and ideas for this issue. Contact the editors by e-mail: Lylas Mogk, <>; and Gale Watson, <>.

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <>.

Manuscripts should be sent for peer review to: Dr. Duane Geruschat, Editor in Chief, JVIB, Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

(end advertisement)

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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