Skip to Content


Home  >  JVIB

Celebrating 100 Years




Analysis of the Length of Braille Texts in English Braille American Edition, the Nemeth Code, and Computer Braille Code versus the Unified English Braille Code—Marie Knowlton and Robin Wetzel, print edition page(s) 267-274

Studies of Braille Reading Rates and Implications for the Unified English Braille Code—Robin Wetzel and Marie Knowlton, print edition page(s) 275-284


Functional Outcomes and Consumer Satisfaction in the Independent Living Program for Older Individuals Who Are Blind—J. Elton Moore, Bernard A. Steinman, J. Martin Giesen, and John J. Frank, print edition page(s) 285-294


A Comparison of Alternative Narrative Approaches to Video Description for Animated Comedy—Deborah I. Fels, John Patrick Udo, Jonas E. Diamond, and Jeremy I. Diamond, print edition page(s) 295-305

Research Report

Early Blindness May Be Associated with Changes in Performance on Verbal Fluency Tasks—Claire E. Wakefield, Judi Homewood, and Alan J. Taylor, print edition page(s) 306-310


Editor's Page, print edition page(s) 259

Letter to the Editor, print edition page(s) 260

A Look Back, print edition page(s) 261-266, 317-320

Conference Review

Art Beyond Sight: Multimodal Approaches to Learning—Alison F. Eardley, print edition page(s) 311-313

From the Field, print edition page(s) 313-316

News, print edition page(s) 316

Calendar, print edition page(s) 320


Freedom Scientific Announces!


The TOPAZ Desktop Magnifier

Five models with more standard features:

* Camera only

* 15" or 17" CRT

* 17" or 19" LCD with adjustable height and viewing angle

* 2x to 70x magnification (1 9" screen)

* 28 screen color selections

* Auto Focus

* Focus Lock

* Position Locator

The SARA Scanning and Reading Appliance

* Press large, colorful buttons. SARA reads aloud in human-like voice

* Easy to use with no computer experience

* Accommodates many page sizes, from postcards to the telephone book

* Hear the voices of SARA: Visit

MAGic Screen Magnification

* 25 magnification levels from I x to 16x

* Speech option reduces eye fatigue by speaking screen information aloud

* Color functions eliminate glare and increase contrast

Freedom Scientific

Visit our Low Vision Web site


(end advertisement)


Charles C Thomas, Publisher, LTD.

P.O. Box 19265, Springfield, IL 62794-9265

Book Savings* Save 10% on 1 Book, Save 15% on 2 Books, Save 20% on 3 Books!

Bishop, Virginia E.-TEACHING VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN. (3rd Ed.) '04, 352 pp. (7 x 10), 21 il., 11 tables, $73.95, hard, $49.95, paper.

In this exceptional new third edition, the author has retained much of the practical "how to" approach of the previous editions, but adds depth in two dimensions: learning theory and the educational process. This book is "so comprehensive in scope and complete in detail that it would be the most likely one I could recommend" (from the foreword by Dr. Natalie C. Barraga). There is a new chapter on the prenatal and early postnatal development of the visual system, and another entire chapter on gifted children who are also visually impaired--information not usually available in other textbooks. One of the most outstanding new sections is a discussion of brain function and its relationships to early development, learning, and visual function. The reader will find practical hints, philosophical rationale explained in simple terms and clear descriptions of the assessment process for students with visual impairments. The relationships between assessments, placements, and programming are described in detail, and provide rationale for best educational practice for visually impaired learners. University faculty, special teachers (TVI's), regular classroom teachers, and families will all find something useful in this new edition. It continues to be a valuable reference for anyone dedicated to helping students with visual impairments achieve independence and realize their full potential. The appendices contain a set of listening games, touch typing lessons, a list of indicators for evaluating gifted programs, lists of assessment instruments and resources, and an updated timeline of major events in the history of education for visually impaired students. A glossary of terms completes the book. This book will not sit on your bookshelf--it will be read and used!

Frame, Melissa J.--BLIND SPOTS: The Communicative Performance of Visual Impairment in Relationships and Social Interaction. '04, 216 pp. (7 x 10), 3 il., 9 tables, $52.95, hard, $32.95, paper.

The purpose of this book is to understand the experiences of persons who are visually impaired, including those who are invisibly visually impaired. Through the use of a survey questionnaire and interviews and employing a cross-sectional survey design, the study examines the experiences of a large number of visually impaired respondents. The research largely examines how visual impairment affects the "performance" of the visually impaired "actor" in relationships and social interaction. To perform successfully, the visually impaired actor must be able to adapt to and perform competently within his or her assigned role, establish and maintain mutually satisfying relationships with other social actors, and know how to prepare for and manage the potential responses of the audience. The author employs a social performance perspective to examine how a visual impairment affects the individual's self-concept, ability to initiate and maintain satisfying relationships, and interact successfully. The appendix contains a wealth of supplementary information, including the actual survey instrument and its rationale, the theoretical model guiding the survey research, the interview procedures and protocol, and the correlation matrix. This unique text will be a valuable resource to visually impaired individuals, their families, and professionals who work with them. It also will serve as a useful text in graduate and undergraduate courses in disability issues.

* Tuttle, Dean W. & Naomi R. Tuttle--SELF-ESTEEM AND ADJUSTING WITH BLINDNESS: The Process of Responding to Life's Demands. (3rd Ed.) '04, 316 pp. (7 x 10), 13 il.

* Chalkley, Thomas--YOUR EYES. (4th Ed.) '00, 140 pp. (7 x 10), 18 il., $27.95, paper.

* Harley, Randall K., G. Allen Lawrence, LaRhea Sanford & Rebecca Burnett--VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN THE SCHOOLS. (3rd Ed.) '00, 262 pp. (7 x 10), 37 il., $52.95, cloth, $38.95, paper.

5 easy ways to order!

PHONE: 1-800-258-8980 or (217) 789-8980

FAX: (217) 789-9130



MAIL: Charles C Thomas, Publisher Ltd., P.O. Box 19265, Springfield, IL 62794-9265

Complete catalog available at or

Books sent on approval

Shipping charges: $7.50 min. U.S. / Outside U.S., actual shipping fees will be charged

Prices subject to change without notice

*Savings include all titles shown here and on our web site. For a limited time only.

When ordering, please refer to promotional code JVBL0506 to receive your discount.


Trekker (TM)

Trekker is a revolutionary ultra-light system that uses GPS and digital maps to help blind people find their way in urban and rural areas.

Trekker offers the visually impaired greater freedom, increasing their confidence in their ability to travel. It also helps them access and enjoy the most valuable and interesting opportunities that their surroundings have to offer.


To learn more about Trekker, contact Humanware: 1 800 722-3393 or (925) 680-7100

(end advertisement)


The GuildScholar Program

A Scholarship for Visually Impaired High School Students

Open to all legally blind students entering their senior year of high school in September. Must be a US Citizen or legal resident, have an excellent academic record and have demonstrated school and community leadership.

Scholarships of up to $15,000 will be competitively awarded to qualified students. The GuildScholar application is online.

Please log on to

For more information, contact Gordon Rovins at


DAAS Vision Simulators

A High Impact Teaching Kit Designed for

Itinerant Teachers

O&M Instructors

Low Vision Specialists

An invaluable tool to teach sighted people about vision disorders when used in schools, worksites and the home

Each kit comes in a professionally styled case and includes:

8 Vision Simulator Disks

4 Pairs of Goggles

20/200 and 20/400 lenses

2 blindfolds

For more information go to:


NEW From AFB Press

Teaching Social Skills to Students with Visual Impairments: From Theory to Practice

Sharon Z. Sacks and Karen W. Wolffe, Editors




ASCII disk:



A Parents' Guide to Special Education Services for Children with Visual Impairments

Susan LaVenture, Editor




ASCII disk:



Proceedings of the Summit on Cerebral/Cortical Visual Impairment: Educational, Family, and Medical Perspective, April 30, 2005

Elizabeth Dennison and Amanda Hall Lueck, Editors

JUNE 2006






Tactile Strategies for Children Who Have Visual Impairments and Multiple Disabilities: Promoting Communication and Learning Skills

Deborah Chen and June E. Downing

JUNE 2006






Tactile Learning Strategies: Interacting with Children Who Have Visual Impairments and Multiple Disabilities

Deborah Chen and June E. Downing



VHS: 0-89128-821-X


APRIL 2006


DVD: 0-89128-822-8


AFB Press

American Foundation for the Blind



Special JVIB Theme Issue: Multiple Disabilities

Guest editor: Bernadette Kappen, Ph.D., director, Overbrook School for the Blind

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2007

Projected publication date: October 2007

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue, Multiple Disabilities. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

* Language and communication skills

* Career development and employment

* Social and emotional skills and sex education

* Orientation and mobility

* Leisure and recreation and community skills

* Self-determination

* Transition planning

* Special medical concerns and common etiologies

* Emergent literacy skills and functional literacy skills

* Social isolation

* Behavioral issues

* Motor development, including sensory integration

* Assessment, testing, and No Child Left Behind

* Personnel needs and preparations for pre-service and continuing education

* Technology and assistive technology

* Curriculum and effective Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)

* Service delivery models and related services

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <>.

Manuscripts should be sent for peer review to:
Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D.
Editor in Chief, JVIB
Lions Vision Center
550 North Broadway
6th Floor
Baltimore, MD 21205

(end advertisement)



for the Special JVIB Theme Issue on Macular Degeneration

JVIB has extended the deadline for submissions on this very important subject area. Topics include, but are not limited to pathology, demographics, risk factors; medical and surgical treatments; visual, functional, psychosocial, familial, and societal impact of AMD; personal stories; rehabilitation; service delivery systems and funding issues; outcomes; and future trends and expectations.

Deadline for submissions:

January 31, 2007

Projected date of publication:

October 2008

Guest editors: Lylas Mogk, M.D.,

e-mail: <>; and

Gale Watson, M.Ed., e-mail:


Read the guidelines for contributors

for more information on how to submit your manuscript:


Send manuscripts for peer review

to: Dr. Duane Geruschat, Editor

in Chief, JVIB, Lions Vision Center

550 North Broadway, 6th Floor,

Baltimore, MD 21205.

(end advertisement)


JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the Worlds are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author s experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <>. Manuscripts should be sent to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205; e-mail: <>.

(end advertisement)

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


If you would like to give us feedback, please contact us at


services iconComment on JVIB Articles

Sign in to use the new comment-on-this-article feature!

services iconAdvertising

Reach and Match: Keeping in Touch.  Empowers children with all abilities and promotes inclusion.

Low Vision Simulators Plus VSRT (Pepper) Test LUV Reading Workbook

New! Orientation and Mobility Techniques, Second Edition

Foundations of Education, Third Edition

College Bound: A Guide for Students with Visual Impairments, 2nd Edition