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Learning Media Assessments

The Use of Learning Media Assessments with Students Who Are Deaf-Blind--print edition page(s) 587-600

Amy R. McKenzie

Abstract: This study investigated the decision-making process used by teachers of students with visual impairments in determining the literacy media of students who are deaf-blind. Data were collected using an online survey. The findings included the sporadic use of learning media assessments.


Teachers' Perspectives on the Use of the Moon Code to Develop Literacy in Children with Visual Impairments and Additional Disabilities--print edition page(s) 601-612

Steve McCall and Mike McLinden

Abstract: This article reports on a study of teachers in the United Kingdom who use the Moon Code to develop literacy skills through touch in children with visual impairments and additional disabilities. It explores the motives, purposes, and values that underpin the teachers' decisions to embark on and sustain instruction in literacy for these children.

Research Report

The Use of Tangible Cues for Children with Multiple Disabilities and Visual Impairment--print edition page(s) 613-619

Ellen Trief

Practice Reports

A Profile of Orientation and Mobility Instruction with a Student with Multiple Disabilities--print edition page(s) 620-625

Ellen Trief, Louis De Lisi, Robert Cravello, and Zhichao Yu

Design and Implementation of an Orientation and Mobility Program for a Young Woman with Multiple Disabilities--print edition page(s) 625-627

Cheryl Besden


Microswitch Technology to Promote Adaptive Responses and Reduce Mouthing in Two Children with Multiple Disabilities--print edition page(s) 628-636

Giulio E. Lancioni, Nirbhay N. Singh, Mark F. O'Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Doretta Oliva, Laura Severini, Angela Smaldone, and Manuela Tamma

Abstract: This study assessed the viability of using microswitch clusters (combinations of microswitches) plus contingent stimulation to promote adaptive responding and to reduce aberrant behavior in two children with multiple disabilities. The results revealed that both children increased their adaptive responses, learned to perform these responses free from aberrant behavior, and maintained this level of performance three months later.

Gestures Expressed by Children Who Are Congenitally Deaf-Blind: Topography, Rate, and Function--print edition page(s) 637-652

Susan M. Bruce, Allison Mann, Chelsea Jones, and Mary Gavin

Abstract: This descriptive study examined the topography, rate, and function of gestures expressed by seven children who are congenitally deaf-blind. Participants expressed a total of 44 conventional and idiosyncratic gestures. They expressed 6-13 communicative functions through gestures and 7 functions through a single type of gesture. They also expressed idiosyncratic gestures and used specific gestures for functions other than those that are typically associated with those gestures.

Research Report

The Advantage of Encoding Tactile Information for a Woman with Congenital Deaf-Blindness--print edition page(s) 653-657

Marleen J. Janssen, Sanne Nota, Paul A. T. M. Eling, and Wied A. J. J. M. Ruijssenaars

Practice Report

Effective Inclusion Activities for High School Students with Multiple Disabilities--print edition page(s) 657-659

Margaret Tomasik

Around the World

Developing Vocational and Transition Programs for Students Who Are Visually Impaired with Multiple Disabilities--print edition page(s) 659-661

Chen Min


Guest Editor's Page--print edition page(s) 579-580

Letter to the Editor--print edition page(s) 581-582

Speaker's Corner

Identifying the Primary Disability: Are We Speaking the Same Language?--print edition page(s) 582-585

Jane N. Erin

From the Field--print edition page(s) 663-666

News--print edition page(s) 666-669

Calendarprint edition page(s) 669-672



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Cortical Visual Impairment

An Approach to Assessment and Intervention

By Christine Roman-Lantzy

The current leading cause of visual impairment among children is not a disease or condition of the eyes, but cortical visual impairment (CVI)--also known as cerebral visual impairment--in which visual dysfunction is caused by damage or injury to the brain. The definition, nature, and treatment of CVI are the focus of great concern and widespread debate, and this complex condition poses challenges to professionals and families seeking to support the growth and development of visually impaired children. On the basis of more than 30 years' experience in working with hundreds of children of all ages with CVI, Christine Roman-Lantzy has developed a set of unique assessment tools and systematic, targeted principles whose use has helped children learn to use their vision more effectively. This one-of-a-kind resource provides readers with both a conceptual framework with which to understand working with CVI and concrete strategies to apply directly in their work.

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Table of Contents


My Introduction to "CVI"

Chapter 1 Cortical Visual Impairment: An Overview

Chapter 2 Medical and Other Causes of Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 3 Visual and Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 4 The Primacy of Parents

Chapter 5 Functional Vision Assessment: The CVI Range

Chapter 6 Program Planning and Intervention


Appendixes Essential Forms


AFB Press
American Foundation for the Blind

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Online access is included as part of your JVIB print subscription and is available to AER members. Not a subscriber? Subscribe now at

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JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the World articles are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author's experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <>. Manuscripts should be e-mailed to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness: <>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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Special JVIB Theme Issue
Macular Degeneration: The New Epidemic

Guest editors: Lylas Mogk, M.D., medical director, Visual Rehabilitation and Research Center, Henry Ford Health System. Gale Watson, M.Ed., blind rehabilitation specialist, Blind Rehabilitation Service, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and certified low vision therapist, Rehabilitation Research and Development Center on Aging Veterans with Vision Loss, Atlanta VA Medical Center.

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2008

Projected publication date: October 2008

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue on macular degeneration. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Pathology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), demographics, and risk factors
· Current medical and surgical treatments and those on the horizon
· The impact of AMD on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and central visual field
· The functional impct of AMD: literacy, activities of daily living, community participation, and mobility and transportation
· The impact on function of co-morbidities common to aging
· The psychosocial impact of AMD
· Charles Bonnet Syndrome: prevalence, theories, and experience
· The impact of AMD on family and community interactions
· Personal stories of AMD
· The impact of AMD on society
· Rehabilitation of individuals with AMD: visual skills, activities of daily living, environmental adaptations, and counseling
· Service delivery systems and funding issues
· Outcome studies for rehabilitation services
· Future trends and expectations

The guest editors welcome your inquiries and ideas for this issue. Contact the editors by e-mail: Lylas Mogk, <>; and Gale Watson, <>.

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind; web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <>.

Manuscripts should be e-mailed for peer review to: Dr. Duane Geruschat, Editor in Chief, JVIB: <>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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Entire Issue (in HTML)

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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