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Sociocultural Perspective

The Difference That Age Makes: Cultural Factors That Shape Older Adults' Responses to Age-Related Macular Degeneration--print edition page(s) 581-590

Marja Mogk

Abstract: This article suggests that approaching vision loss from age-related macular degeneration from a sociocultural perspective, specifically considering perceptions of aging, blindness, disability, and generational viewpoints and norms, may be critical to understanding older adults' responses to vision loss and visual rehabilitation.

Psychosocial Perspective

Depression in Age-Related Macular Degeneration--print edition page(s) 591-599

Robin Casten and Barry Rovner

Abstract: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of disability in the elderly, substantially degrades the quality of their lives, and is a risk factor for depression. Rates of depression in AMD are substantially greater than those found in the general population of older people, and are on par with those of other chronic and disabling diseases. This article discusses the effect of depression on vision-related disability in patients with AMD, suggests methods for screening for depression, and summarizes interventions for preventing depression in this high-risk group.

Medical Perspective

Foveal-Sparing Scotomas in Advanced Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration--print edition page(s) 600-610

Janet S. Sunness, Gary S. Rubin, Abraham Zuckerbrod, and Carol A. Applegate

Abstract: Foveal-sparing scotomas are common in advanced dry macular degeneration (geographic atrophy). Foveal preservation may be present for a number of years. Despite good visual acuity, these patients have reduced reading rates. Magnification may not be effective if the text becomes too large to "fit" within the central spared area.

Research Report

Memory Loss, Dementia, and Stroke: Implications for Rehabilitation of Older Adults with Age-Related Macular Degeneration--print edition page(s) 611-615

Mary Warren

Practice Report

Keeping Older Adults with Vision Loss Safe: Chronic Conditions and Comorbidities That Influence Functional Mobility--print edition page(s) 616-620

Anne T. Riddering


Driving and Age-Related Macular Degeneration--print edition page(s) 621-635

Cynthia Owsley and Gerald McGwin, Jr.

Abstract: This article reviews the research literature on driving and age-related macular degeneration, which is motivated by the link between driving and the quality of life of older adults and their increased collision rate. It addresses the risk of crashes, driving performance, driving difficulty, self-regulation, and interventions to enhance, safety, and considers directions for future research.


Successful Outcomes from a Structured Curriculum Used in the Veterans Affairs Low Vision Intervention Trial--print edition page(s) 636-648

Joan A. Stelmack, Stephen Rinne, Rickilyn M. Mancil, Deborah Dean, D'Anna Moran, X. Charlene Tang, Roger Cummings, and Robert W. Massof

Abstract: A low vision rehabilitation program with a structured curriculum was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. The treatment group demonstrated large improvements in self-reported visual function (reading, mobility, visual information processing, visual motor skills, and overall). The team approach and the protocols of the treatment program are described.

Practice Reports

Topographic Mapping of Residual Vision by Computer--print edition page(s) 649-655

Manfred MacKeben

Patient with Macular Disease, Good Visual Acuity, and Central Visual Field Disruption and Significant Difficulties with Activities of Daily Living--print edition page(s) 656-658

Donald C. Fletcher, Ronald A. Schuchard, Joseph P. Walker, and Paul A. Raskauskas


Modifications to the Fletcher Central Field Test for Patients with Low Vision--print edition page(s) 659-659

Ronald J. Cole


Guest Editor's Page--print edition page(s) 578-580

From the Field--print edition page(s) 661-666

News--print edition page(s) 666-668

Calendar--print edition page(s) 668-672

JVIB thanks Lylas Mogk, M. D., medical director, Visual Rehabilitation and Research Center, Henry Ford Health System, and Gale Watson, M.Ed., national director, Blind Rehabilitation Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Central Office, Washington, DC, for their scholarship and commitment as guest editors of this special issue on age-related macular degeneration.


Functional Vision and Learning Media Assessment.

This new assessment tool is useful for gathering, tracking, and analyzing information regarding students' functional vision and appropriate learning media.


For Students Who Are Pre-Academic or Academic and Visually Impaired in Grades K-12 Practitioner's Guidebook

* Practitioner's Guidebook
* CD containing HTML and .brf files
* Expanded core curriculum screening form
* Expanded core curriculum yearly screening form
* If/Then Chart
* Resource list
* Protocols

American Printing House for the Blind, Inc.

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Independent Living Aids, LLC

For more than 32 years, the best source of magnifiers, talking products and daily living aids for individuals with vision impairments.


Writing Guide Kit


ila LED
Illuminated Manifiers


SenseView Duo Portable CCTV


TALKING Low Vision Watch


#369210 (floor lamp)
#369205 (desk lamp)
Floor and Desk Lamps


TALKING Atomic Clock/Calendar


Combo Phone System
Caller ID

For a free catalog of more than 3000 useful products call
or e-mail

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New Sixth Edition!

The Oregon Project

for Preschool Children who are Blind or Visually Impaired

For more information or to order please call
(541) 245-5496

An Assessment and Curriculum designed for children birth to six who are blind or visually impaired

Used by parents, teachers, vision specialists and counselors

A Skills Inventory of more than 800 developmental skills

A Manual that includes teaching activities, a reference section, checklists, blank forms, and specialized evaluation tools for unique areas of development for blind or visually impaired children

Complete Set ....................$150
(manual and 5 skills Inventories)

Parent Set ..........................$90
(manual and one skills Inventory)

Skills inventory Packet ....$50
(5 skills Inventories)

Southern Oregon Education Service District
101 North Grape Street
Medford or 97501

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Effective Solutions for Employees with Vision Loss

If you are working with students or adults interested in employment, let AFB CareerConnect® help you demonstrate for prospective employers how they can retain or recruit valuable employees who are blind or have low vision with simple, affordable solutions that enable them to perform essential job functions. CareerConnect's free and easy-to-find, interactive Virtual Worksites can be your job accommodation guide.

Visit or call
888.824.2184 today for more information.

American Foundation for the Blind(R)
Expanding possibilities for people with vision loss

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2008 AccessWorld® Guide to Assistive Technology Products

In the ever-changing world of technology, how do you keep track of all the trends and new products? Look to the AccessWorld® Guide to Assistive Technology Products! The completely updated 2008 edition includes detailed profiles of over 280 products for people who are blind or visually impaired, including more than 30 new products.

The Product Guide will help you find the right device for your needs. From cell phones, PDAs, and GPS systems to screen readers, braille printers, and CCTVs--they're all here in one convenient easy-to-use guide.


· Hundreds of products, with a full description of product features

· Easy-to-use charts that compare products

· A comprehensive guide on how to buy an accessible cell phone

· A new section on accessible cell phones and related software

· A new section on Global Positioning Systems (GPS)

· A list of evaluations published in AccessWorld®, AFB's technology magazine

· A resource section with manufacturer name and contact information

New online access!

With your print or CD purchase, you'll receive access to the new online edition, at no additional cost. Enjoy live links to manufacturers' web sites, in-depth product evaluations in AccessWorld®, as well as powerful search capabilities.

Available formats:

Online-only: $19.00 Order at

Print with online access

ASCII on CD-ROM or ASCII on floppy disk with online access

$34.95 each

Completely updated!


American Foundation for the blind

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Cortical Visual Impairment

An Approach to Assessment and Intervention

By Christine Roman-Lantzy

The current leading cause of visual impairment among children is not a disease or condition of the eyes, but cortical visual impairment (CVI)--also known as cerebral visual impairment--in which visual dysfunction is caused by damage or injury to the brain. The definition, nature, and treatment of CVI are the focus of great concern and widespread debate, and this complex condition poses challenges to professionals and families seeking to support the growth and development of visually impaired children. On the basis of more than 30 years' experience in working with hundreds of children of all ages with CVI, Christine Roman-Lantzy has developed a set of unique assessment tools and systematic, targeted principles whose use has helped children learn to use their vision more effectively. This one-of-a-kind resource provides readers with both a conceptual framework with which to understand working with CVI and concrete strategies to apply directly in their work.

Order your copy at

or call 800-232-3044.


Table of Contents


My Introduction to "CVI"

Chapter 1 Cortical Visual Impairment: An Overview

Chapter 2 Medical and Other Causes of Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 3 Visual and Behavioral Characteristics of Children with Cortical Visual Impairment

Chapter 4 The Primacy of Parents

Chapter 5 Functional Vision Assessment: The CVI Range

Chapter 6 Program Planning and Intervention


Appendixes Essential Forms


AFB Press
American Foundation for the Blind

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Celebrating 100 Years… and Beyond!

For the past 100 years, the Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) has been the primary journal of record for the field of visual impairment and is a critical forum for the discussion of significant research, practice, and trends. The journal seeks to provide readers with essential information to support and inform their professional thinking and practice. In addition to articles and reports on all aspects of the work of the field, from educational practice to low vision service delivery to rehabilitation issues, JVIB welcomes submissions on the following topics of great current concern:

· Practice reports from teachers of students with visual impairments, including students with multiple disabilities

· Discussions of low vision service delivery, focusing on models of team collaboration and service provider roles, funding and reimbursement issues, and patient need and service outcomes

· Perspectives on the impact of federal No Child Left Behind legislation on programs for students with visual impairments and on teacher effectiveness

· Experiences of participants in the national Medicare demonstration project examining reimbursement of services by certified orientation and mobility specialists, low vision therapists, and vision rehabilitation therapists

· Examinations of different certification models and approaches in such areas as orientation and mobility

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <>.

Manuscripts should be e-mailed for peer review to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, JVIB: <>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205. Inquiries for the editor in chief should be e-mailed to: <>.

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JVIB Guidelines for Contributors

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) is the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes scholarship and information and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues.

JVIB invites submissions in the following categories

Article: Full-length manuscripts on research, theory, reviews of the literature, or practice-based activities. The topics may have far-reaching and broad impact. Articles are peer reviewed. Length: 2,500-5,000 words.

Research Report: A shorter format for presenting research results. The main difference between articles and Research Reports is length. In addition, Research Reports may have a more focused or narrower impact than articles and may report pilot studies, research in progress, or studies with a small number of subjects. Research Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Practice Report: An opportunity for teachers, rehabilitation specialists, and other practitioners to share information about innovative techniques, strategies, and service delivery. Practice Reports are shorter in length than practice-based articles and may provide more focused information and a less comprehensive discussion of the implications. Practice Reports are peer reviewed. Length: 1,000-2,500 words.

Around the World: A forum for reporting on research or programs that are specific to one culture or part of the world and that may not have broader relevance. Around the World articles are peer reviewed. Length: 500-2,500 words.

Comment: A discussion of a timely topic, based on the author's experience or opinions. Comments are not peer reviewed. Length: 500-1,000 words.

Letter to the Editor: A direct response to a paper that was recently published in JVIB. The authors of the paper referred to are given a chance to respond to the letter in the same issue in which the letter appears. Note that letters may be edited for length and style. Letters are not peer reviewed. Length: Varies.

Submission information

Authors should send one paper copy and one disk copy (preferably in ASCII or Microsoft Word). Authors are required to sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement that gives AFB copyright to the paper once it is published. JVIB does not consider manuscripts that are simultaneously submitted elsewhere or previously published elsewhere.

Contact information

The full version of the JVIB Guidelines for Contributors can be found online, <>, or by contacting AFB Press, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001; phone: 212-502-7651; fax: 212-502-7774; e-mail: <>. Manuscripts should be e-mailed to: Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D., Editor in Chief, Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness: <>; or mailed to: Lions Vision Center, 550 North Broadway, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205.

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Special JVIB Theme Issue: Literacy

Guest editors: M. Cay Holbrook, Ph.D., associate professor, Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia; and Carol Farrenkopf, Ed.D., Vision Program Coordinator, Toronto District School Board

Deadline for submissions: January 31, 2009

Projected publication date: October 2009

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB) invites submissions for a special theme issue, Literacy. Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Reflections on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Louis Braille

· Reading instruction, including instruction in braille, large print, and standard print with optical devices

· Dual-media instruction and dual-media learners

· Legislation that impacts literacy instruction and services, including No Child Left Behind and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

· Results of research related to literacy for students with visual impairment leading to evidence-based practice

· Adoption, use, and discussion of the Unified English Braille Code

· Emergent literacy skills and functional literacy skills

· The relationship between literacy and technology and assistive technology

Guidelines for contributors are generally printed in each issue of JVIB, and are also available from AFB Press, American Foundation for the Blind: web site: <>; phone: 212-502-7651; e-mail: <>.

E-mail submissions should be sent to: <>.

Postal mail submissions should be sent to:

Duane R. Geruschat, Ph.D.
Editor in Chief, JVIB
Lions Vision Center
550 North Broadway, 6th Floor
Baltimore, MD 21205

Questions should be sent to the editor in chief at the following e-mail address: <>.

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Entire Issue (in HTML)

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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