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A Job-seeking Skills Program for Persons Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired--print edition page(s) 107-111

B.E. Ryder & E.S. Kawalec

Abstract: This article reports on a small-group, job-seeking skills program that was implemented at a rehabilitation center for persons with visual impairments. It describes the methods used to help the participants increase their employability and discusses the characteristics of the program and the participants that influenced readiness for employment.

Vision, Educational Level, and Empowering Work Relationships--print edition page(s) 112-119

G.M. Johnson

Abstract: Machinists (blind, sighted, and visually impaired) answered questions about trust, resource sharing, and empowerment in their work relationships. Employees with low vision were the least trusting and trusted, received the fewest shared resources, and reported proportionately more disempowering relationships. The more educated employees, regardless of their visual status, gave and received trust and resources more readily, saw more of their relationships as empowering, and were seen as empowering by others.


Information Accessibility in Alternative Formats in Postsecondary Education--print edition page(s) 120-128

J.C. Senge & J. Dote-Kwan

Abstract: This article reports on a survey of directors of disabled student services in the California State University system to determine what accommodations are being provided to print-disabled students and whether the accommodations are in compliance with the law. The results indicate that colleges and universities should reevaluate their policies and procedures to ensure that recent interpretations of the law are being followed.

Spatial Orientation

Spatial Orientation and Congenital Blindness: A Neuropsychological Approach--print edition page(s) 129-141

I. Stuart

Abstract: Tests of a neuropsychological model for spatial orientation in the absence of vision were developed and administered to 31 children who are congenitally blind. The results supported the model and indicated that some congenitally blind subjects had focal brain damage, sufficient to impair their capacity to be accurately oriented in physical space.

Small-scale versus Large-scale Spatial Reasoning: Educational Implications for Children Who Are Visually Impaired--print edition page(s) 142-152

L.E. Potter

Abstract: People process small-scale and large-scale spatial information differently. Although these differences are part of normal cognitive development, they may also be the result of substantial neurological abnormalities and may be confounded by visual impairment. This article reviews developmental and neuropsychological evidence of these differences and their implications for teaching children who are visually impaired.

Low Vision

Visual Rehabilitation of Persons with Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy--print edition page(s) 153-156

S.-L. Rudanko

Abstract: This article presents the results of a noncontrolled clinical study of 20 persons with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy who were treated from 1976 to 1990 at the Low Vision Centre, Finnish Federation of the Visually Handicapped. It emphasizes the importance of early functional visual rehabilitation and the use of low vision aids to help patients perform their daily activities.


Family Environment and Psychological Distress in Persons Who Are Visually Impaired--print edition page(s) 157-160

R. Jackson & G. Lawson

Abstract: This study investigated the relationship between perceived family environment and psychological distress in 76 persons who are visually impaired, aged 18 to 94, who had undergone at least four months of rehabilitation classes. The results indicated that family environmental traits strongly influenced these persons' adjustment to vision loss.

Talking Books

A Needs-Analysis Survey of Users of an Audio Book Library--print edition page(s) 161-165

J. Murray, T.T.T. Huynh, & K. Williamson

Abstract: The users of an audio book library were surveyed by telephone to collect data for formulating a policy on the development of the library's collection. The survey found that adults have a broad range of reading interests and that men and women prefer different genres of fiction.


Performance of Blind Children on Digit-Span Tests--print edition page(s) 166-169

T. Hull & H. Mason

Abstract: This article reports the results of digit-span tests that were administered to 314 children who are blind. The results showed that gender, first language, and educational setting had no effect on the children's scores and that the congenitally totally blind children scored higher than did the sighted children, whereas those who had had some sight did not.


In This Issue--print edition page(s) 99-100

Point/Counterpoint--print edition page(s) 101-106

Research Notes--print edition page(s) 170-181

Book Reviews--print edition page(s) 182-186

Letters--print edition page(s) 187-187

Article Abstracts in French, German, Japanese, & Spanish--print edition page(s) 187-191

Classified--print edition page(s) 191-192



Washington Update--print edition page(s) 1-3

Demographics Update--print edition page(s) 4-5

Random Access--print edition page(s) 6-8

Comments--print edition page(s) 10-12

Product Evaluation--print edition page(s) 14-19

Management News--print edition page(s) 19-20

Management Update--print edition page(s) 20-22

Information Update--print edition page(s) 22-23

Letters--print edition page(s) 23-24

News--print edition page(s) 24-29

Calendar--print edition page(s) 30-31









Entire Issue (in HTML)

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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New! Orientation and Mobility Techniques, Second Edition

Foundations of Education, Third Edition

College Bound: A Guide for Students with Visual Impairments, 2nd Edition