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Special Issue on Literacy



Emergent Literacy: A New Perspective--print edition page(s) 177-183

J.M. Stratton

Abstract: Emergent literacy, a process in which the child constructs concepts about the functions of symbols and print, is based on experiences and meaningful language facilitated by interactions with adults. This article presents a literature-based overview of emergent literacy and explores the fit between emergent literacy and the learning needs of children who are blind or visually impaired.

Beginning Braille: A Whole Language-based Strategy--print edition page(s) 184-189

G. Lamb

Abstract: This article describes the whole-language philosophy of teaching reading and writing and its application to teaching braille reading. It presents examples of activities that are an effective vehicle for enhancing the development of early reading behaviors in children who use braille and that integrate the critical components of literacy learning with the special skills that are necessary for reading by touch.

The Braille Readiness Skills Grid: A Guide to Building a Foundation for Literacy--print edition page(s) 190-193

A.V. McComiskey

Abstract: The Braille Readiness Skills Grid is designed to help those who work with young children who are blind or visually impaired identify, in a systematic manner, activities and skills that will foster braille readiness in children who are potential braille readers. Three intended benefits of the grid are (1) to increase parents' confidence in interventions that foster braille reading readiness, (2) to encourage adults to engage potential braille readers in systematic braille readiness activities from infancy, and (3) to renew the confidence of teachers, parents, and children who are potential braille readers and to foster the children's enthusiasm for reading.

Family Support of the Emergent Literacy of Children with Visual Impairments--print edition page(s) 194-200

C.J. Craig

Abstract: This study of the frequency and nature of parental support for the emergent literacy of 264 visually impaired children found differences in support based on the primary literacy medium and presence of additional disabilities. These differences were in the areas of literacy opportunities at home and parents' expectations of and priorities for their children's literacy development.


Teachers' Voices: Comments on Braille and Literacy from the Field--print edition page(s) 201-209

S.H. Wittenstein, M.L. Pardee

Abstract: This article presents the selected comments of a nationwide sample of teachers of students who are blind or visually impaired. The teachers responded to a survey that asked them to express their attitudes about braille literacy for them and for their students. Their comments, gathered incidentally to the quantitative data, reveal that teachers hold strong opinions and care deeply about the literacy skills of their students.

Perceptions of Braille Usage by Legally Blind Adults--print edition page(s) 210-218

F.K. Schroeder

Abstract: In this qualitative research, case study interviews were conducted to provide an in-depth examination of the meaning of braille in the lives of eight legally blind adults. Issues of self-esteem, self-identity, and the "stigma" of being a person with a disability were found to be integrally intertwined with the subjects' expressed feelings about braille.


The Impact of Braille Reading Skills on Employment, Income, Education, and Reading Habits--print edition page(s) 219-226

R. Ryles

Abstract: This study compared a number of outcomes for congenitally legally blind adults who learned to read braille or print as their original reading medium. It was found that those who learned to read using braille had higher employment rates and educational levels, were more financially self-sufficient, and spent more time reading than did those who learned to read using print.


Braille Reading Rates as a Function of Reading Tasks--print edition page(s) 227-236

M. Knowlton, R. Wetzel

Abstract: This study of the cognitive processes of braille reading compared the reading of 23 adult braille readers in four different reading conditions: oral reading, silent reading, studying, and scanning. The findings provide support for the idea that braille reading is process driven and that reading rates vary, depending on the purpose of the reading task.

Reading Competence of Visually Impaired Pupils in Sweden--print edition page(s) 237-246

K. Fellenius

Abstract: This article reports on a study of the reading competence of 25 visually impaired pupils in Sweden, who were followed from 1988 to 1991. Neither visual acuity, reading media, optical aids, nor reading distance were clearly related to reading competence. Rather, good readers were pupils who scored higher on verbal cognitive tests and had a greater interest in reading as a leisure activity.


How Much Space Does Grade 2 Braille Really Save?--print edition page(s) 247-251

I.K. Durre

Abstract: This article reports on a study of a unique method for calculating the space-saving capacity of all Grade 2 braille contractions and the literary braille code as a whole. The study found that, contrary to the widespread belief that contracted braille saves 31 percent over print, the actual text reduction is about 20 percent.

The Computerized Braille Tutor: A Computer-based Braille Learning Program--print edition page(s) 252-258

G. Kapperman, A. Heinze, B.B. Hawkins, S. Ruconich

Abstract: The Computerized Braille Tutor is an interactive software tutorial, accompanied by a manual, that sighted persons can use to learn the literary braille code or to refresh their braille skills, either independently or under the supervision of an instructor in a braille course. The software presents 15 lessons that address different aspects of the literary braille code and include braille-translation and proofreading exercises and graded self-evaluation proficiency tests.

Improving the Braille Competence of Teaching Staff: A State Agency Model--print edition page(s) 259-262

L. Jones, K. Wolffe

Abstract: The Texas Commission for the Blind's (TCB's) braille literacy initiative is an agency-based program designed to enhance the braille skills of teaching staff and hence to improve braille instruction to and the braille literacy of clients. In addition, TCB has established dedicated braille-production stations in 30 of its district offices and offers technical assistance to regional rehabilitation personnel.


Materials for Learning Braille by Sight--print edition page(s) 263-265

F.M. D'Andrea

The Development of a New Standardized Test of Children's Braille Reading Abilities in Britain--print edition page(s) 265-266

J. Greaney

Report on a Review of Textbooks to Teach Braille to Blind Adults-print edition page(s) 266-268

E.J. Rex, C. Richesin


Braille Literacy and Self-esteem: A Report from Uruguay--print edition page(s) 270-271

E. Elissalde

Braille and Beyond: Braille Literacy in a Larger Context--print edition page(s) 271-274

S.J. Spungin

Weaving the Cloth of Literacy: The Relationship between Braille and Reading--print edition page(s) 274-276

P.A. Zago

The Braille Literacy Crisis for Children--print edition page(s) 276-278

L. Johnson


Reading Rates of Young Braille-Reading Children--print edition page(s) 278-282

D.P. Wormsley


ELIA™: A Simpler Tactile Code for Persons with Visual Impairments--print edition page(s) 282-283

E.V. Chepaitis

A Computerized System for Translating Japanese Print into Braille--print edition page(s) 283-286

N. Ohtake


Guest Editorial--print edition page(s) 171-173

Point/Counterpoint--print edition page(s) 173-175

Demographics Update--print edition page(s) 286-287

Classified--print edition page(s) 288-288



Product Evaluation

A Review of Three Low-Cost Stand-Mounted Closed-Circuit Television Systems--print edition page(s) 1-7

M.M. Uslan, R. Shen

Book Review

Children with Visual Impairments: A Parent's Guide--print edition page(s) 8-9

Reviewed by S.E. LaVenture

Random Access--print edition page(s) 9-10


Improving State Independent Living Services for Persons Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired--print edition page(s) 11-13

C. Burtis, J. Scott

Couples Workshops for Persons Who Are Adventitiously Blind and Their Partners--print edition page(s) 13-15

D. Hudson

Around the World--print edition page(s) 16-18

Calendar--print edition page(s) 18-22

News--print edition page(s) 22-32








Entire Issue (in HTML)

The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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