The international peer-reviewed journal of record in the field
of vision loss
Special Issue on Adolescence and Early Adulthood
JVIB extends a warm thank-you to the guest editors of this special issue: Anne L. Corn, Ed.D., professor of special education and ophthalmology, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University; and Sharon Zell Sacks, Ph.D., professor, Division of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services, San Jose State University. The guest editors' scholarship and commitment were essential to the successful completion of JVIB's Special Issue on Adolescence and Early Adulthood.
PERSONAL AND FAMILY NARRATIVES
Abstract: This article chronicles the experiences and feelings of parents while raising a son who is blind. It describes their encounters with the U.S. public educational system from kindergarten to college, concentrating on their son's adolescent years, from middle school to college.
Abstract: This article describes one mother's experiences raising an adolescent daughter who is blind and has learning disabilities. It focuses especially on ways in which she helped her daughter improve reading and writing skills by finding a meaningful purpose for those skills in daily life.
Abstract: This article describes the curriculum the author developed to help students with visual impairments make the transition to college. The curriculum is based on her experiences at the Living Skills Center for the Visually Impaired, a transition program in San Pablo, California, and at college.
Abstract: This article describes a pilot study of the friendships of 22 adolescents aged 13-19 with visual impairments. The study found that the female participants and the 13-15-year-old participants had more intimate friendships than did the male participants and the 16-19-year-old participants. The friends engaged in a variety of activities, talked about a wide array of topics, and spent time together in many places. Only a few participants reported that their visual impairments affected what they did with their friends.
Abstract: This article describes a study of the personal networks and social supports of 316 blind and visually impaired adolescents, aged 14-23, in The Netherlands. The study found that the mean size of these adolescents' personal networks was 15 persons, compared to 15-20 for sighted adolescents. The oldest adolescents had the largest networks, and the blind adolescents had the smallest. The female and oldest adolescents had more friends, whom they considered important sources of support. However, for all the adolescents, parents were the most important source of support.
K. Wolffe, S.Z. Sacks
Abstract: In this quantitative research study, 16 blind students, 16 low vision students, and 16 sighted students aged 15-21 and their parents were interviewed by telephone using questionnaires designed to examine four areas: academic involvement and performance, daily living and personal care activities, recreation and leisure activities, and work and vocational experiences. A time-diary protocol was also used to obtain data from each student in three telephone interviews during the calendar year. Similarities and differences among the three groups, as well as implications of the findings for service providers, are discussed.
L. Cassels, O.V. Cummings
Abstract: The general equivalency diploma (GED), which is an equivalent high school credential, is authorized by all states in the United States and is recognized as a diploma by both colleges and employers. This article describes the development and implementation of a GED-preparation program at the New York Institute for Special Education, which serves students who are visually impaired.
Abstract: This study of the transition experiences of 102 college students with visual impairments (including students who are blind and students with low vision) and of the services offered for students with disabilities at 66 colleges found that the colleges provided most of the services students need to be successful. The students also described the numerous areas for which visually impaired high school students should prepare before they enter college and the skills they should develop or hone.
R. McInerney Leonard, T.D'Allura, F. Simpson
Abstract: This article describes a two-week residential program for youths with visual impairments whose goals were to enhance their career development and transition from school to work. An evaluation of the program, based on telephone interviews with the participants and their parents, indicated that the program gave the participants the opportunity to socialize and share experiences with other youths and helped them acquire a number of skills and become more aware of careers and job responsibilities.
M.D. Hutto, D. Hare
Abstract: Young women with visual impairments need to learn strategies for both acquiring and advancing in careers. This article presents a qualitative research study of six successful female college graduates who are legally blind and suggests interventions for maximizing the career potential of female adolescents with visual impairments.
Abstract: In 1992, the Texas Commission for the Blind formed a student leadership committee, Leaders in Transitioning with Excellence, to facilitate the development of leadership skills and involvement in communities by students with visual impairments aged 15-20. This article describes the planning, implementation, and evaluation of the committee and the conference it held.
PROGRESSIVE VISION LOSS
M.B. Truan, S.D. Trent
Abstract: This article presents case studies of three adolescent boys with progressive vision loss who gradually became blind during adolescence. It examines the relationship between the boys' psychological adjustment to their blindness and their acquisition of braille reading skills.
Abstract: In this article, the author describes experiences that demonstrate that the benefits that adolescents with visual impairments gain from "passing" are won at a high price. Those who work with young people with visual impairments are encouraged to seek creative ways to help them find a comfortable balance between taking excessive risks and allowing visual impairment or blindness to be an unsurmountable barrier to the transition to a healthy and productive adulthood.
IN THIS ISSUE
Reviewed by D. Kent
The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
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