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November-December 1997  Volume 91  Number 6

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Contents

ARTICLES

Children

Behaviors of Preschoolers with Visual Impairments in Indoor Play Settings--print edition page(s) 519-530

A.C. Skellenger, L.P. Rosenblum, B.K. Jager

Abstract: This article reports on a study of the interaction, play, and other behaviors of 24 preschoolers with visual impairments and no other disabilities in the indoor play areas of two programs. The study found that the children interacted and played at lower levels than expected for 2-5 year olds and that their learning medium (visual or tactile) seemed to affect both the amount of interaction and the amount and type of play in which they engaged.

Labeling Children Who Are Visually Impaired "Disadvantaged"--print edition page(s) 531-538

L.M. Chalifoux, B. Fagan

Abstract: This article presents a review of several factors that lead to the label of "disadvantaged," with a focus on the blind or visually impaired youngster. It is noted that children who are blind or visually impaired are at greater risk than sighted children to be considered as disadvantaged. Some practical solutions to these disadvantaging circumstances are offered along with suggestions for future research.

Teachers' Perspectives on Selecting Literacy Media for Children with Visual Impairments--print edition page(s) 539-545

C.J. Craig, L. DePriest, K. Harnack

Abstract: Teachers from a residential school and a public school district that serve children with visual impairments read scenarios of five children with various eye conditions and ability levels, chose a primary literacy medium for each child, and presented rationales for their decisions. Although all the teachers cited child-related factors more than mechanical or social factors, the two groups of teachers differed in the weight they placed on different subcategories of these factors and their attitudes toward the use of braille.

Vocational Rehabilitation

Standardized Ability Testing for Vocational Rehabilitation in Visually Impaired Adults: A Literature Review--print edition page(s) 546-554

J.M.V. Reid

Abstract: This article reviews the past research on ability testing for adults who are visually impaired. The verbal scales of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised were found to be widely accepted as measures of verbal ability with these clients. However, relying solely on verbal assessment has its limitations, both theoretically and practically. Many attempts have been made to develop and adapt nonverbal tests for visually impaired adults. To date, none of the tests reviewed are established as reliable and valid, indicating an ongoing need for further research.

ESL

ESL for Students with Visual Impairments--print edition page(s) 555-563

H. Guinan

Abstract: This article reviews the literature on teaching English as a second language (ESL) to, and research on the acquisition of first and second languages by, both sighted and visually impaired students. Although braille should be taught to students in their first language, the author offers suggestions for teaching students in a second language when instruction in a first language is not possible. She concludes that closer cooperation between vision teachers and ESL teachers is essential for children with limited proficiency in English and visual impairments to become fully literate and communicatively competent.

Braille

A Bilingual Braille Book-Printing System in Kuwait--print edition page(s) 564-570

O.A. Al-Matar, A.S. Al-Otaibi, H.Q. Darwish, N.A. Al-Ghurair

Abstract: The Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research developed a bilingual (Arabic-English) computerized braille-printing system for students who are blind at the Kuwait Special Schools. This article discusses the functions and structure of the programs supporting these functions and the experiences in implementing the system.

Aging

Progression of Eye Disorders in a Nursing Home--print edition page(s) 571-578

M.S. Marx, P. Werner, R.C. Feldman, J. Cohen-Mansfield

Abstract: This study of the progression of eye pathology in 100 nursing home residents found that the amount of eye pathology (cataracts, macular degeneration, and glaucoma) was high and increased from Time 1 to Time 2 (mean interval = 315 days) and that the increases in cataracts and macular degeneration were statistically significant. Also, the residents' best-corrected visual acuity dropped significantly from Time 1 to Time 2. These longitudinal data indicate the importance of routine assessments to detect changes in the vision of elderly residents.

Usher Syndrome

People with Usher Syndrome, Type II: Issues and Adaptations--print edition page(s) 579-589

I.D. Miner

Abstract: People with Usher syndrome, Type II, were born. hard-of-hearing and undergo the progressive loss of vision from adolescence onward--changes that require multiple adaptations. This article describes what they experience in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood; discusses the lack of appropriate services and the failure of professionals to provide sufficient information on the condition; and stresses the importance of access to information and the acquisition of new skills as early as possible before the visual impairment becomes severe.

DEPARTMENTS

Editor's Page--print edition page(s) 515-515

Comment--print edition page(s) 516-518

Research Notes--print edition page(s) 590-602

Demographics Update--print edition page(s) 602-606

Classified--print edition page(s) 606-606

NEWS SERVICE

In this issue

Information Update

Specialized Schools Still in Jeopardy--print edition page(s) 1-5

S.J. Spungin

Comment

A Tactile Prehistoric Cave Installation by Visually Impaired and Sighted Artists--print edition page(s) 5-8

K.C. Spitzberg

Book Review

The Bridge to Braille: Reading and School Success for the Young Blind Child--print edition page(s) 9-10

Reviewed by D. Kent

Random Access--print edition page(s) 10-14

Employment Update

Interviewing Employers: What Rehabilitation Professionals Need to Know--print edition page(s) 15-17

J. Maxson

Product Evaluation

A Review of Two Speech Access Programs for Windows 95: ASAW and JAWS for Windows--print edition page(s) 17-20

J.D. Leventhal, C.L. Earl

Calendar--print edition page(s) 20-24

News--print edition page(s) 25-32


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Entire Issue (in HTML)


The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.

 

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