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Perceptions of Effective Leadership in Schools for Students with Visual Impairments: A National Study—A. Olu Oyinlade and Marva Gellhaus, print edition page(s) 261

Abstract: This study investigated the effectiveness of the leadership of principals and superintendents of schools for students who are visually impaired from their teachers' perspectives. The findings indicated that these school leaders fell short of the teachers' expectations on various aspects of leadership.


Self-Esteem and Empathy in Sighted and Visually Impaired Preadolescents—Nora Griffin-Shirley and Sandra L. Nes, print edition page(s) 276

Abstract: This article reports on a study of self-esteem and empathy among 71 students with visual impairments and 88 sighted students. No significant difference was found between the two groups of students in their levels of self-esteem, empathy toward others, and bonding with pets.

Orientation and Mobility

Driver Behavior in Yielding to Sighted and Blind Pedestrians at Roundabouts—Duane R. Geruschat and Shirin E. Hassan, print edition page(s) 286

Abstract: This study evaluated drivers' behavior in yielding the right-of-way to sighted and blind pedestrians who stood at different stopping distances from the crosswalk lines at entry and exit lanes at two different roundabouts. The findings demonstrate that drivers' willingness to yield to pedestrians is affected by whether they are attempting to cross at the entry or exit to the roundabout and, under some conditions, by the presence of a long cane.


Predictors of Competitive Employment for Blind and Visually Impaired Consumers of Vocational Rehabilitation Services—Michele E. Capella-McDonnall, print edition page(s) 303

Abstract: In this study, four variables were found to have a significant association with competitive employment outcomes for blind and visually impaired consumers of vocational rehabilitation services. These variables were the receipt of education as a rehabilitation service that resulted in an educational certificate or degree, having worked since the onset of the disability, reason for applying to vocational rehabilitation related to obtaining a job, and the relationship between the counselor and the consumer being rated as high quality.


Editor's Page, print edition page(s) 259

From the Field, print edition page(s) 316

News, print edition page(s) 317

Calendar, print edition page(s) 318

Classified, print edition page(s) 320


AFB Directory of Services for Blind and Visually Impaired Persons in the United States and Canada, 27th edition

Available in print and online!

Now in its 27th edition, the AFB Directory of Services for Blind and Visually Impaired Persons continues to be the most convenient, comprehensive, and reliable source of information on blindness and visual impairment available.

Completely updates, the Directory delivers:

* Information on more than 1,500 organizations, agencies, and product manufacturers

* State-by-state and province-by-province listings of organizations

* Descriptions of services, legislation, and key agencies in the blindness field

* Expanded information on assistive products and their distributors

* Updated web site and e-mail addresses

April 2005

Print with an online subscription



Online only



To order visit or call 800-232-3044.

AFB Press

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The Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (JVIB)--the international, interdisciplinary journal of record on blindness and visual impairment that publishes research and practice
and serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas, airing of controversies, and discussion of issues--is copyright Copyright © 2018 American Foundation for the Blind. All rights reserved.


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